Complete Nigeria Current Affairs – Free Download PDF
THE ORIGIN OF THE NAME NIGERIA
Nigeria as country is located in West Africa between latitude 40 – 140 North of the equator and longitude 30 – 140 East of the Greenwich meridian.
The name Nigeria was given by the Miss Flora Shaw in 1898 who later married Fredrick Lord Lugard who amalgamated the Northern and Southern Protectorates of Nigeria in the year 1914 and died in 1945.
The official language is English and the Nation’s motto is UNITY AND FAITH, PEACE AND PROGRESS.
NIGERIA NATIONAL ANTHEM
Arise, O Compatriots, Nigeria’s call obey
To serve our fatherland
With love and strength and faith
The labour of our hero’s past
Shall never be in vain
To serve with heart and Might
One nation bound in freedom,
Peace and unity.
I Pledge to Nigeria my Country
To be faithful loyal and honest
To serve Nigeria with all my strength
To defend her unity
And uphold her honour and Glory
So help me God.
O God of creation, Direct our Noble cause;
Guide our leaders right;
Help our youth the truth to know
In love and Honesty to grow
And living just and true
Great lofty heights attain
To build a nation where peace
And justice shall reign
Youth obey the Clarion call
Let us lift our Nation high
Under the sun or in the rain
With dedication, and selflessness
Nigeria is ours, Nigeria we serve.
NIGERIA COAT OF ARMS
Representation of Components
- The Black Shield represents the good soil of Nigeria
- The Eagle represents the Strength of Nigeria
- The Two Horses stands for dignity and pride
- The Y represent River Niger and River Benue.
THE NIGERIAN FLAG
The Nigeria flag has two colours
(Green and White)
- The Green part represents Agriculture
- The White represents Unity and Peace.
FACT ABOUT NIGERIA
Land Area – 923,768.00km2
Population – Over 180,000,000
Most Populous State –Kano (9,383,682)
Official Language – English
Independence Day – October 1st 1960
Currency – Naira and Kobo
Vegetation – Forest, Grassland and semi arid
Mining -Coal, Petroleum, Tin and Columbine
Manufacturing – Tyre, Cement and Bisuits
Time – GMT + 1 Hour
Geographical Divisions – 36 States and FCT
Number of L.G.A – 774 Local Govt. Areas
Federal Capital – Abuja (12 Dec. 1991)
1st Jan. – New Year’s Day
15th – Nigeria Armed Forces Remembrance Day
14th Feb. – Valentine Day
8th Mar. – Int’l Women Day
13th Mar. – Common Wealth Day
24th – World Tuberculosis Day
7th April – World Health Day
1st May – Workers’ Day
8th May – Children/Youth Day
27th May – Children/Youth Day
12th June – Democracy Day
15th June – African Children’s Day
11th July – World Population Day
21st Sept. – World Literacy Day
1st Oct. – Independence Day
25th Dec. – Christmas Day
26th Dec. – Boxing Day
TABLE OF CONTENT
- Colonial Masters who ruled Nigeria before Independence between 1914 – 1960
- Names of Heads of Government
- Arms of Government/Names of Nigeria occupying each position
- Service Chiefs in Nigeria
- Heads of Law Enforcement, Paramilitary & Intelligence
- Ministers and Portfolios
- Head of Government Agency and Parastatals
- Modes of Address/Officer Titles
- Important Dates before and after Independence in Nigeria
- Arms of Government in Nigeria
- Six Geo-Political Zones of Nigeria
- History of NNPC and its Managing
- Directors from 1977 to Date
- The Genesis of Ebola Virus
- Local Government Areas, Capital & Numbers of Local Government in Each State
- The Licensed Banks of Nigeria, MD/CEO, Merge Partners & Failed Banks
- Timeline of Historical Event in Nigeria Since 2009 to Date
- 109 House of Senate Members, their Constituencies & Political Parties
- Best Universities in the World, Africa & Nigeria
- Some Nigeria Federal, State & Private Universities and Date Founded
- Central Bank Indigenous Governors
- Indigenous Chief Justices of Nigeria from 1958 to Date
- Top 10 Wealthiest Men in the World
- Richest Countries and Poorest in the World & Africa
- Most Corrupt Countries in the World
- Some Important Abbreviations
- State, Capital, Creation, Slogan & Governors
- History of Fuel Price Increase in Nigeria
- Historical Background of OPEC
- Senate President Since 1960 to Date
- Speaker of the House Representatives Since 1960 to Date
- Date & Invent of World Politics
- Date of Establishment of Nigerian Armed Forces
- Registered & De-Register Political Parties in Nigeria
- The 7 Continents in the World
- Planets and Their Distance from the Sun
- Shortest and Tallest People in the World
- State Creation in Nigeria
- Nigeria Standard Dialing Codes
- Names of INEC Chairmen from 1964 to Date
- Famous Names of Famous Inventors and Inventions
- Oldest & Newest Countries in the World
- Notable World Mountains & Oceans
- History of Nigeria Currency
- Classification of Africa Countries
- Nigeria Coat of Arms & Flag
- Right of A Citizen in a State
- Registered & De-registered Political Parties in Nigeria
- Names of personalities immortalized in Nigeria Currencies
- Brief history of the Oba of Benin
- Origin of Nigeria Police, IG’s from 1930 to Date, Badges, Rank & Flag
- Nigeria Military Banks, Insignias and Equivalents for both Commission & Non Commission Officers
- About United Nations & ECOWAS
- Past & Present Chairmen of ECOWAS
- Members of Common Wealth Countries
- Some Great Men & Women Achievers
- Past & Present Winners of Africa Cup of Nation
- Military Coup in Nigeria Since Independence
- Some Facts About the World
- Word Relating to Science, Arts & Government
- Main International Organization that Nigeria Belong
- Sea Port & Dams in Nigeria
- Africa Countries, Capital, President & Currency
- Banking Test & Explanatory Answers
- Past Examination Question & Answers
- Millennium Development Goal
- About NDDC
- Origin of Nigeria Immigration, Operational Structure & Rank
- About Boko Haram Sect in Nigeria
- History of Edo, Governor, Commissioners Local Government Areas and Headquaters
COLONIAL MASTERS WHO RULED NIGERIA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE BETWEEN 1914-1960
- Sir Fredrick Lord Lugard [1914-1919]
- Sir Hugh Clifford [1919-1925]
- Sir Creamer Thompson [1925-1931]
- Sir Bernard Richard [1935-1943]
- Sir Arthur Richard [1943-1948]
- Sir John McPherson [1948-1958]
- Sir James Robertson [1958-1960]
THE PAST HEADS OF STATE/PRESIDENTS FROM THE 1st REPUBLIC IN NIGERIA TO DATE NAME & PERIOD
- Nnamdi B. Azikiwe
1st June 1963 – Jan 15th 1966
- Gen. Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi
Jan. 15th 1966 – Jul. 29th 1966
- Yakubu Gowan
July 29th 1966 – July 29th 1975
- Murtala Mohammed
July 29th 1975– Feb. 13th 1976
- Chief Olusegun Aremu Obasanjo
Feb. 13th 1975 – Sep. 30th 1979
- Alhaji Shehu Shagari
Oct. 1st 1979 – Dec. 30th 1983
- Muhammadu Buhari
Dec. 13th 1983 – Aug. 27th 1985
- Ibrahim B. Babangida
Aug. 27th 1985 – Aug. 26th 1993
(3rd Republic) Abortive
- Chief Ernest Shonekan
Aug. 26th 1993 – Nov. 17th 1993
- Sani Abacha
Nov. 17th 1993 – June 8th 1998
- A. Abubakar
June 8th 1998 – May 29th 1999
- Chief Olusegun A. Obasanjo
May 29th 1999 – May 29th 2007
- Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar’Adua
May 29th 2007 – 2010
- Goodluck Ebele Jonathan
May 2010 – May 2015
- Muhammadu Buhari
May 2015 to date
THE 3 ARMS OF GOVERNMENT/NAME OF NIGERIANS OCCUPYING EACH POSITION
Gen. Muhammadu Buhari, GCFR
President, Fed. Rep. of Nigeria
Prof. Yemi Osinbajo (SAN)
Vice President. Fed. Rep. of Nigeria
Speaker House of Rep.
Deputy Senate President
Ahmed Idris Wase
Deputy Speaker House of Rep.
Ibrahim Tanko Mohammed CJN
Chief Justice of the Federation
Abubakar B. Mahmoudi (SAN)
President Nigeria Bar Association
Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa
President of Appeal Court
Gen. Abayomi G. Olonishakin
Chief of Defence Staff (Ekiti State)
- Gen. Tukur Yusuf Buratai
Chief of Army Staff (Borno State)
Vice Admiral Iboke-Ete Ekwe Ibas
Chief of Air Staff (Bauchi State)
HEAD OF LAW ENFORCEMENT PARAMILITARY AND INTELLIGENCE
Abubakar Adamu Mohammed
Inspector General of Police
Col. Hameed Ibrahim Ali (RTD)
Comptroller General Custom Service (Gombe State)
Mr. Muhammed Babandede
Comptroller General Immigraton Service (Nasarawa State)
Comptroller General Prisons
Commandant Gen. NSCDC
Yusud Magaji Bichi
Mr. Boboye Oyeyemi
Corps Marshal FRSC
APPOINTED REPRESENTATIVES IN SOME POLITICAL OFFICES
Boss Gida Mustapha
Sec. to the Government of the Federation
Dr. Folashade Yemi-Esan
Ag. Head of Civil Service of Federation
Alh. Ahmed Idris
Accountant Gen. of Federation
Auditor Gen. of Federation
Alh. Abba Kyari
Chief of Staff (Borno State)
Special Adviser on Media & Publicity to the President
Senior Special Assistant for Media & Publicity
NAMES OF MINISTERS, PORTFOLIOS & STATES
- Muhammadu Buhari
HM, Petroleum (Katsina)
- Timipri Sylva
HMS, Petroleum (Bayelsa)
- Muhammed Musa Bello
HM, FCT (Adamawa)
- Ramatu Tijani
HMS, FCT (Kogi)
- Godswill Akpabio
HM, Niger Delta (Akwa Ibom)
- Tayo Alasoadura
HMS, Niger Delta (Delta)
- Chris Ngige
HM, Labour & Employment (Anambra)
- Festus Keyamo
HMS. Labour & Employment (Delta)
- Sharon Ikeazor
HM, Environment (Anambra)
- Muhammed Muhmood
HMS, Environment (Kaduna)
- Adamu Adamu
HM, Education (Bauchi)
- Emeka Nwajiuba
HMS, Education (Imo)
- George Akume
HM, Special Duties (Benue)
- Richard Adeniyi
HM, Industry Trade & Investment (Ekiti)
- Maryam Katagum
- Mustapha Baba Sheburi
HM, Agriculture & Rural Development
- Sabo Nanono
HMS, Agriculture & Rural Development (Kano)
- Sale Mamman
HM, Power (Taraba)
- Goody Jedy Agba
HMS, Power (Cross River)
- Ogbonnaya Onu
HM, Science & Technology (Ebonyi)
- Muhammed H. Abdullahi
HMS, Science & Technology (Nasarawa)
- Osagie Ehanire
HM, Health (Edo)
- Adeleke Mamora
HMS, Health (Lagos)
- Clement Agba
HMS, Budget (Edo)
- Geoffery Onyeama
HM, Foreign Affairs (Enugu)
- Zubair Dada
HMS, Foreign Affairs (Niger State)
- Ali Isa Pantami
HM, Communication (Gombe)
- Suleiman Adamu
HM, Water Resources (Jigawa)
- Zainab Ahmed
HM, Finance (Kaduna)
- Bashir Salihi Magashi
HM, Defence (Kano)
- Hadi Sirika
HM, Aviation (Katsina)
- Abubakar Malami
HM, Justice/Attorney Gen. of the Federation (Kebbi)
- Lai Mohammed
HM, Information & Culture (Kwara)
- Rotimi Amaechi
HM, Transportation (Rivers)
- Gbemisola Saraki
HMS, Transportation (Kwara)
- Babatunde Fashola
HM, Works & Housing (Lagos)
- Abubaka D. Aliyu
HMS, Works & Housing (Yobe)
- Olamilekan Adegbite
HM, Mines & Steel Development (Ogun)
- Ikechukwu Ogah
HMS, Mines & Steel Development (Abia)
- Rauf Aregbesola
HM, Interior (Osun)
- Sunday Dare
HM, Youth & Sport (Oyo)
- Paulen Tellen
HM, Women Affairs (Plateau)
- Maigari Dingladi
HM, Police Affairs (Sokoto)
- Sadiya Umar Faruk
HM, Humanitarian Affairs & Disaster Management (Zamfara)
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT AGENCY/PARASATALS
- Mahmood Yakubu
INEC National Chairman
- Melo Kolo Kyari
- Godwin Emefiele
- Gen. Shuaibu Ibrahim
- Moji Christianah Adeyeye
- Biodun Ogunyemi
- Bolaji Owasanye
- Abubakar B. Mahmoudi
- Oscar Onyema
- Ibrahim Magu
- Ayuba Waba
Nigeria Labour Congress Presient
- Quadri Olaleye
- Abdul Zabair
- Muhammad Abdallah
- Michael A. Olukoya
- Bayo Onanuga
- News Agency of Nigeria (NAN)
- Pius Odubu
- Bernard O. Okumagba
- William B. Fowler
- Garba Abari
- National Orientation Agency (NOA)
- Abdulwaheed Odusile
- Dakuku Peterside
- Ishaq Modibo Kawu
DG Nigeria Broadcasting Commission (NUC)
- Mansur Liman
DG Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN)
- Yakubu Mohammed
DG Nigerian Television Authority (NTA)
- Osita Okechukwu
DG Voice of Nigeria (VON)
- Paul Angya
Standard Organisation of Nigeria (SON)
MODES OF ADDRESS/OFFICER TITLES
President/Governor – His Excellency
Common Wealth High Commissioner/Foreign Ambassador – Your Excellency
Minister/Commissioners – Honourable
Judges – Your Lordship
Magistrates – Your Worship
Queens – Your Majesty
Emperors – Your Imperial Majesty
Crown Princes – Your Royal Highness
Kings – His Royal Highness (HRH)
Activist/Unionist – Comrades
Legislators/Chairman of Local Government – Your Honourable
IMPORTANT DATES BEFORE INDEPENDENCE IN NIGERIA
- Nigeria was given the Name Niger Area by Miss Flora Shaw in 1898
- The first railway line in Nigeria was constructed from Lagos to Ibadan in 1901
- The first main truck road was constructed from Lagos to Ibadan in 1905
- Nigeria’s Capital was moved from Calabar to Lagos in 1906
- Nigeria was Amalgamated by Sir Lord Lugard in 1914
- The West African National Congress was formed in 1920
- The first legislative council was formed in 1922
- Herbert Macaulay founded the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) in 1923
- Aba Women riot was in 1929
- The National council of Nigeria and Cameroun (NCNC) was formed by Herbert Macaulay who became its president while Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe served as the secretary in 1944
- Herbert Macaulay died ande Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe became the president of NCPC in 1946
- Richard constitution was introduced in 1946
- The University College Ibadan was open 1948
- Chief Anthony Enahoro moved the motion for Nigeria’s Independence in the House of Assembly on 1st April 1953
- Queen Elisabeth visited Nigeria in 1956
- Regional self-government was granted to the then Eastern and Western Region of Nigeria in 1957
- Nation’s cup championship started in 1957
- The Apex Bank of Nigeria (The Central Bank) was established and opened for operation 1st July 1958
- The Nigerian Television Authority (N.T.A) was established by the late Chief Obafemi Awolowo at Ibadan in 1959
- Nigeria held her first national election to set up an independent government. Northern Nigeria won most of the seats of parliament in 1959
IMPORTANT DATES AFTER INDEPENDENCE IN NIGERIA
- 1ST 1960 Nigeria got her independence and Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe became the first Governor General while Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa became the first prime minister
- The southern Camerouns were incorporated into the federation of Camerouns and ceased to be administered as part of federation of Nigeria on 1st 1961
- The Northern Camerous was formally incorporated into the federation of Nigeria in 1st June 1962
- Nigeria became a Republic in 1st October 1963 and Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe beame the first ceremonial president
- The first military coup took place in Nigeria on 15th January 1966
- The Nigerian Civil War started on 6th July 1967 and ended 12th January 1970. And was led by Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu
- Nigeria changed to right hand drive on 2nd April 1972
- National stadium in Lagos was officially opened in 1972
- Nigeria Currency was changed to Naira and Kobo on 1st January 1973
- National youth service corps (N.Y.S.C) was introduced under decree 24 on 22nd May 1973
- The Economic community of west African state (E.C.O.W.A.S) was set up in Lagos 28th May 1975
- Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo opened the National theatre, Iganmu in Lagos in 1976
- Murtala Mohammed was assassinated on 13th February 1976
- Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC was held in Lagos on 15th February 1977)
- Nigeria changed from military to civilian rule on 1st 1979 and Alhaji Shehu Shagari became the first Executive President
- President Shehu Shagari commissioned Kaduna Refinery on 25th 1980
- President Shehu Shagari commissioned Delta Steel Company Ovwian-Aladja in 1980
- Chief Odumegwu Ojukwu returned to Nigeria after 12 years in exile in1982
- The war against indiscipline (WAI) was introduced by Buhari/Idiagbon regime on 20th March 1984
- Naira and kobo changed colour on 25th April 1984
- The phased movement from Lagos to Abuja by Federal Ministries began on 10th 1986
- Structural Adjustment programme (SAP) was introduced on 27th June 1986
- Nigeria soldiers were air lifted from Lagos to join the Ecowas monitoring group (ECOMOG) in the Liberian civil war 17th August 1990
- The Federal Capital of Nigeria was moved from Lagos to Abuja on 12th 1991
- Olusegun Obasanjo was sworn in as civilian president of Nigeria on 29th May 1999
- INEC Chairman, Justice Ephraim Akpata died on 9th January 2000
- The President of America Bill Clinton visited Nigeria on 26th – 28th August 2000
- Bomb explosion at Ikeja military cantonment in Lagos 27th January 2002.
- The National stadium in Abuja was commissioned by President Olusegun Obasanjo on 8th April 2003 and also built at the cost of N6Obillion.
- Queen Elisabeth of England visited Nigeria in 2003 after her first visit in 1956
- The first lady of Nigeria, Chief Mrs Stella Obasanjo died in Spain, as a result of surgical operation on 22nd 2005.
- Belieview plane crash at Lisa village in Ogun state occurred on 22nd 2005 killing all 117 passangers on board.
- Another aircraft crashed in Kaduna killing all passangers on board on 25th 2005
- Sosoliso Airline crashed in Port-harcourt killing 114 passangers with only three survivors on 10th 2005
- NEPA change to Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) on 31st May 2005
- A Nigeria Air force Dornier 228 plane with some Army Generals and othr personel crashed killing 14 of 17 passengers on board on 17th 2006
- Solar eclipse occurred in Nigeria on 29th March 2006
- ADC plane crashed about two KM away from Nnamdi Azikiwe Airport killing 98 out of 105 on board including the Sultan of Sokoto on29th Oct. 2006
- Governorship and House of Assembly elections were conducted nationwide on 14th April 2007
- Presidential and National Assembly elections were conducted on 21st April, 2007
- President and Governors-elect were sworn in on 29th May 2007
- Speaker of the house of representative, Mrs Patricia Etteh and her deputy, Alh. Babangida Nguroje resigned over the N628 million contract scam they were indicted for by the Idoko panel set up by the house on Oct. 30th 2007
- Mrs Oladimeji Sabiru Bankole (37 years old – Bachelor) from Abeokuta South Federal constituency of Ogun Stat was elected by the honourable members of the house of Representatives on November 1st 2007
- 6th February 2008, following the nullification of the election of Governor Idris Ibrahim, Chief Clarence Olafemi speaker house of assembly of Kogi state was sworn in as the acting Governor
- James Barka was sworn in as the acting Governor of Adamawa state on February 27th 2008
- Goodluck Jonathan was declared president elect April 19th 2011
- 29th May 2015 Mohammadu Buhari became the first opposition candidate to win a presidential election in Nigeria
ARMS OF GOVERNMENT
TIERS OF GOVERNMENT
- Federal Government
- State Government
- Local Government
THE FUNCTIONS OF THE THREE ARMS OF GOVERNMENT
- Implementation of policies of government
- Executes and enforce laws
- To make laws
- Passing appropriation bills
- Oversight functions on executive
- Approve budget
- The legislative arm is divided into two
- The Upper House-House of Senate
- The Lower House-House of Representatives
The Judiciary Functions
- Interpret the laws
- Adjudicate on cases
- Apply the laws
HEAD OR CHIEF EXECUTIVES
- President (GCFR)
- Senate President
- Chief Justice of the Federation & Chief Judge at the State level
TITLE OF THE HEAD
- President (GCFR)
- Executive Governor
THE SIX GEO POLITICAL ZONES OF NIGERIA
- North Central
Rivers Port Harcourt
HISTORY OF NNPC AND ITS MANAGING DIRECTORS FROM 1977 TO DATE
The Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, NNPC, was established on April 1st 1977, under the statutory instrument – decree No. 33 of same year by a member of Nigeria National Oil Corporation, NNOC, with its operational functions and the federal ministry of mines and power with its regulatory responsibilities. This decree established the NNPC, a public organization that would, on behalf of government manage all government interest in the Nigeria oil industry.
Managing Directors from 1977 to Date
- A Marinho July 1977 – April 1980
- Odiligi Lolomari April 1980 – August 1981
- Lawrence Amu 1981 – Nov. 1985
- Aret Adams 1985 – April 1990
- Thomas John April 1990 – June 1990
- Edmund Daukora June 1992 – Oct. 1993
- Chamberlia Oyibo 1993 – August 1995
- Dalhatu Bayero 1995 – May 1999
- Jackson Gaius Obaseki May 1999 – Nov 2003
- Funsho Kupolokun 2003 – Sept. 2007
- Abubakar Yar’Adua 2007 – Jan. 2009
- Muhammed Sanusi Bakindo 2009 – 2010
- Shenu Ladan April 2010 – May 2010
- Austine Oaiwon May 2012 – June 2012
- Andrew Yakubu June 2012 – July 2014
- Joseph Thiama Dawha Aug. 2014 – 2015
- Emmanuel Ibe Kachkwu Aug. 2015 – 2016
- Maikanti Kacalla Baru Aug. 2016 – 2018
- Melo Kolo Kyari Aug. 2018 till date
THE GENESIS OF EBOLA VIRUS
Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF) is a severe, often-fatal disease in humans and non-human primates. The virus is named after the Ebola River in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo (Formerly Zaire), where one of the First outbreaks occurred in 1976. In the same year there was another outbreak in Nzara, Sudan.
HOW EBOLA VIRUS SPREAD
- It spreads to people by contact with the skin or bodily fluids of an infected animal like MONKEY, GORILLA, FOREST ANTELOPE, PORCUPINE, CHIMPANZEE OR FRUIT BAT.
- People can also be exposed to Ebola virus through contact with objects, such as needles that have been contaminated with infected secretions.
SYMPTOMS OF EBOLA VIRUS
Early symptoms include: HIGH FEVER, HEADACHE, JOINT AND MUSCLE ACHES, SORE THROAT, WEAKNESS, STOMACH PAIN, LACK OF APPETITE.
These symptoms can appear 2 to 21 days after infection. The symptoms can progress to vomiting, diarrhea, impaired kidney and liver function and sometimes internal and external bleeding (Eyes, Ears and Nose).
HOW EBOLA VIRUS CAN BE DIAGNOSED
Diagnosing Ebola HF in an individual who has been infected only a few days is difficult because early symptoms, such as red eyes and a skin rash, are nonspecific to the virus and are seen in other patients with disease that occur much more frequently. However, if a person has the constellation of symptoms described above, and infection with Ebola virus is suspected, isolate the patient and notify local and state health department and the CDC.
PREVENTION OF EBOLA VIRUS
- Avoid direct contact with the body fluid of infected people
- You are expected to wash your hands regularly, and you must wash both the front and back up to your elbow with soap.
- Use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol as often as possible when water is not available, because the Virus can’t stand alcohol
- Avoid eating of bush meat, particularly monkey, gorilla, forest antelopes, porcupines, chimpanzee of fruit bats.
- Whatever animal products you consume; wash rigorously and cook thoroughly.
- Avoid sharing clothes, towels, bed-sheets, handkerchiefs etc.
- Avoid unnecessary public gatherings and handshakes.
Mr. Pattrick Sawyer a 40-year-old Liberian-American civil servant who knowingly imported Ebola into Nigeria died July 25, 2014 in First Consultant Medical Centre, Obalende, Lagos.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS, CAPITAL & NUMBERS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN EACH STATE
Abia (17 LG):
Aba north, Aba South, Arochukwu, Bende, Umuahia Ikwano, Isiala-Ngwa north, Isiala-ngwa south, isuikwato, obioma ngwa, ohafia, osisioma ngwa, ugwanabo, ukwu east, ukwa west, umuahia north, umuahia south, umu-nneochi.
Adamawa (21 LG):
Demsa, fufore, ganye, girei, gombi, guyuk,hong, jada, lamurde, madageli, maiha, mayo-belwa, mubi, mubi south, numan, shelleng,song, toungo, yola, jimeta, michika.
Akwa Ibom (31 LG):
Abak, eastern obolo, eket, atai, essien udim, etm ekpo, etinam, ikono, ibesikpo asutan, mbo, mkpat enin, nsit, nsit ibom, nsit ubium, obot akara, okobo, onna,oron,oruk annam, udung uko, ukanafun, uruuan, urue-offong/orkko, uyo, ikot-abasi, ikot-ekpeme, ini,itu, ibeno,ika.
Anambra (21 LG):
Aguata, anambra east, Anambra west, aniocha, awka north, awka south, ayamelum, dunukofia, ekwusigo, idemili north, idemili south, ihiala njiakoka, Nnewi north, Nnewi south, ogbaru, Onitsha north, Onitsha south, orumba north, oyi orumba south.
Alkaleri, Bauchi, bogoro,damban, darazo, dass, gamawa, ganjuwa, giade, itas/gadau, Jama’are katagumu, kirfi, misau, ningi, shira, tafawa-balewa, toro, warji, zaki.
Bayelsa (8 LG):
Brass ekeremor, kolokuma/opokuma nemba, ogbia, sagbarna, southern ijaw, yenagoa.
Benue (23 LG):
Ado, agatu, apa,buruku, gboko, gumma, gwer east, gwer west, kastinal-ala, konshinsha, kwande, logo, makurdi, obi,ogbadibo, oju,okpokwu, ohimini, oturkpo, tarka, ukurn, ushonogo, vandeikya.
Borno (27 LG):
Abade, askira/uba, bama, bayo, biiu chibok, damboa, dikwa, gubio, guzaimala, gwoza, hawul, jeer, kaga, kala/balge, konduga, kukawa, kwaya kusar, mafa, magumeri, Maiduguri, marte, mobbar, monguno,ngala, nganzai, shani.
Cross river (18 LG):
Abi, akamkpa, akpabuyo, bakassi, bekwara, biase, boki calabar-municipal, calabar south, etung, ikom obaniliku, obubra, obudu, odukpani, ogoja, yakurr, yala.
Delta (25 LG):
Aniocha north, aniocha south, burutu,bomadi, ehiope east, ethiope west, ika north, ika south, isoko north, isoko south, ndokwa east, ndokwa west, okpe, oshimilli north, shiomili south, patani,sapele, udu, ughelli north, ughelli south, ukwani, uvwie, warri north, warri south, warri south west.
Ebonyi (12 LG):
Abakaliki, afikpo north, afikposouth, ebonyi, ezza north, ezza south, ikwo, ishielu, ivo, izzi, ohaozara, ohaukwu, onicha.
Edo (18 LG):
Akoko-edo, esan central, esan north east, esan south easr, esan west, etsako central, igueben, ikpoba-okha, oredo, orhionmwon, ovia north east, ovia south west, owan west, uhumwonde, owan east, etsako east, etsako west.
Ekiti (16 LG):
Ado ekiti, aiyekire, efon, ekiti east, ekiti south, west ekiti, west emure, idos-ose, ijero, ikere, ikole, ilemeji, irepodun/ifelodun, ise/orun, moba,oye.
Enugu (17 LG):
Aninri, awgu, enugu east, enugu north, enugu south, ezeagu, igbo-etiti, igbo-eze north, igbo-eze south, isi-uzo, nkanu west, nsukka, oji-river, udenu, udi, uzo-uwani.
Gombe (11 LG):
Akko, balanga, billiri, dukku, funakaye, gombe kaltungo, kwami, nafada, shomgom, yamaitu/deba.
Imo (27 LG):
Aboh-mbaise, ahiazu-mbaise, ehime-mbano, ezinihitte, ideato north, ideato south, ihitte/uboma, ikeduru, isiala mbano, isu, mbaito, ngor-okpala, njaba, nwangele, nkwerre, obowo,oguta,ohaja/egbema, okigwe, orlu, orsu, orsu east, oru west, owerri-municpal, owerri, owerri north, owerri west, unuimo.
Jigawa (27 LG):
Auyo, Babura, birmin kudu, biriniwa, buji, dutse, gagarawa, garki, gumei, guri,gwaram, gwiwa, hadeija, jahun, kafin-hausa, kaugoma, kazaure, kirikasamma, kiyawa, mia gatari, malla-maduri, ringim, roni, sule tankarkar, taura, bosuwa,yankwashi.
Kaduna (23 LG):
Bimin-gwari, chikun, giwa, igbabi, ikara, jaba jema’a kachia, kaduna north, kaduna south, kagarko, kajuru, kauru, lera, makarfi, sabon-gari, sanga, soba, zangon-kataf, kudan, zaria, kura.
Kano (44 LG):
Ajingi, albasu,babeji, bichi, bunkure dala, dambatta, dawakin kudu, dawakin tafa, doguwa, fagge, gabasawa, garko, garum, mallam, gaya, gezawa, kiru, kumbotsu, kunchi, kura, madobi, makoda, minjibir, nasarawa, rano, rimun gado, rogo, shanoro, sumaila, takali, tarauni, tofa, tsanyawa, tudun wada, ungogo, warawa,wudil, bagwai, gwale, gwarzo, kobo, kano, municipal, karaye, kibiye.
Katsina (32 LG):
Bakori, batagarawa, batsari, baure, bindawa, charanchi, dandume, danja, dan musa, daura dutsi, dutsin-ma, fasakari, funtua,inagawa, jibia, kafur, kaita, kankara, kankia, kurfi, kusasa, mai’adua, malumfashi, mani, mashi, matazuu, masawa, rimi, sabuwa, safana, sandamu, zango, katsina.
Kebbi (21 LG):
Aleiro, arewa-dandi, argungu, augie, bagudo, birnin kebbi, bunza dandi, fakai, gwandu, jeda, kalgo, koko/besse, maiyama, ngaski, sakabi, shanga, suru, wasagu/danko, yauri, zuru.
Kogi (21 LG):
Adavi, ajaokuta, ankpa, bassa, dekina, ibaji, idah, igalamela-odolu, ijumu, kabba/bunu, kogi, lokoja, mopa-muro, ofu, ogori/magongo, okehi, okene, olamabolo, omala, yagba east, yagba wast.
Kwara (16 LG):
Asa, baruten, edu, ekiti, ifelodun, ilorin east, ilorin south, Ilorin west, irepodun, isin, kaiama, moro offa, oke-ero, oyun, pategi.
Lagos (20 LG):
Agege, ajeromi_ifelodun, alimosho, amuwo odofin, apapa, badagry, epe, eti-osa, ibeju/lekki, ifako-ijaye, ikeja, ikorodu, kosofe, lagos island, lagos mainland, mushin, ojo, oshodi-isolo, shomolu, surulere.
Nasarawa (13 LG):
Akwanga, awe, doma karu, Keanu, keffi, kokona, lafia, nasarawa, nasarawa eggon, obi, toto, wamba.
Niger (25 LG):
Agie, agwara, bida, borgu, bosso, chanchaga, edati, gbako, gurara, katcha, knontagora, leuen, magama, mariaga, mashegu, mokwa, muya, paikoro, rafi, rijau, suleja,tafa, wushishi, shiroro, lapai.
Ogun (20 LG):
Abeokuta north, Abeokuta south, ado-odo/ota egbado north, egbado south, ewekoro, ifo, ijebu east, ijebu north, ijebu north east, ijebu ode, ikenne, imedo-afon, ipokia, obafemi-owode, ogun waterside odeda.
Ondo (18 LG):
Akoko north east, akoko north west, akoko south east, akoko south west, akure north, akure south, odigbo, okitipupa, ondo east, ondo west, ose, owo, ile-olujiokeigbo, irele, idamre, ifedore, ilaje, ese odo.
Oyo (33 LG):
Afiijio, akinyele, atiba, atigbo, egbeda, Ibadan central, Ibadan north, Ibadan north west, Ibadan south west, ibarapa central, ibarapa east, ibarapa north, iddo, irepo, iseyin,itesiwaju, iwajowa, kajpola, lagelu, ogbomoso north, ogbomoso south, ogo oluwa, olorunsogo, oluyole, ona-ara, orelope, ori ire,oyo east,oyo west, saki east, saki west, surulere.
Plateau (19 LG):
Barikin ladi, bassa, bokkos, jos east, jos north, jos, jos south, kanam, kanke, langtang north, langtang south, mangu, mikang, pankshin, qua’an pan, riyom, shendam, wase.
Rivers (23 LG):
Abua/odual, ahaoda east, ahaoda west, andoni, akuku-toru, bonny Degema, emohua, eleme, etche, gokana, ikwerre, khana, obial akpo, ogba/egbema/ndomi, ogu/bolo, okrika, omumma opobo/nkoro, oyinbo, port harcourt, tai, asari toru.
Sokoto (23 LG):
Ninji, bodinga, dange-shuni, gada, goronyo, gudu, sokoto gwadabawa, ilela, isa, kware kebbe, rabah, sabon, bimi, Shagari, silame, sokoto north, sokoto south, tambuwai, tangaza, tureta, warmako, wurno, yabo.
Taraba (15 LG):
Ardo-kola, bali, donga, gashakka, cassol, ibi, jalingo, karim-lamido, kurmi, lau, dardauma, takum, ussa, wakari,yorru, zing.
Yobe (17 LG):
Bade, bursari, damaturu, fika,fune, geidam, gujaba, gulani, jakusko, karasuwa, machine, nangere, nguru, potiskum, tarmua, yunusari, yusufari.
Zamfara (14 LG):
Anka, bakura, birmin magaji kiyaw, bukkuyum, bungudu, gusau, gummin, kaura, narnoda, maradun, maru, shinkafi, talata mafara, tsafe, zurmi.
Osun (27 LG):
Atakumosa east, atakumosa west, aiyeda-ade, aiyedire, boluwaduro, boripe, ede north, ede south, egbedore, ejigbo, ife central, irepodun, irewole, isekan iwo, obokun, odo-otin, ola oluwa, olorunda, irade, orodu, osogbo, ife east, ife north, ife south, ifedayo, ila Ilesha east, Ilesha west.
FCT-Abuja (6 LG):
Kwali area council, Abuja municipal, abaji, kuje, gwagwalada, bwari.
THE 22 LICENSED BANKS OF NIGERIA, MD/CEO AND MERGE PARTNERS
- FIRST BANK PLC
(Dr. Adesola Adeduntan) MD/CEO
(Mrs. Ibukun Awosika) Chairman
First Bank Plc, FBN Merchant Bank.
- UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA PLC
(Mr. Philips Oduoza)
Standard Trust Bank Plc, United Bank for Africa, Continental Trust Bank.
- UNION BANK
Mr. Cyril Odu (Chairman)
(Mr. Emeka Emuwa)
Union Bank Plc, Universal Trust Bank Plc, Union Merchant Bank, Board Bank Nig. Ltd.
- POLARIS BANK PLC
Alh. M. K. Ahmed (Chairman)
Mr, Adetokunbo Abiru (Managing Director)
Prudent Bank Plc, EIB, International Bank, Bond Bank, Reliance Bank Ltd, Co-operative Bank, Mainstreet Bank Ltd.
- WEMA BANK PLC
Adeyinka Asekun (Chairman)
Mr. Segun Olokutuyi (MD/CEO)
Wema Bank Plc, National Bank Plc.
Lead Bank Plc.
- STERLING BANK/ETB
(Mr. Yemi Adeola)
NBM Bank Ltd, Magnum Trust Bank, Trust Bank of Africa, Nal Bank Plc, Indo Nigeria Bank.
- FIDELITY BANK PLC
Fidelity Bank Plc, Manny Bank Plc,
FSB Int’l Plc
- STANDARD CHARTEERD BANK LTD
Standarad Chartered Bank Limited
- KEYSTONE BANK
Mr. Obeahon Ohiwerei (MD/CEO)
Platinum Bank Nigeria Ltd, Habib Bank Int’l
- UNITY BANK PLC
Mrs. Tomi Somefun
NNB Int’l Bank Plc, Centre Point Bank Plc, Societe Bank, Tropical commercial Inter Stat Bank, New Africa Bank, Pacific Bank and Intercity Bank Plc
- CITI BANK
Mr. Akinsowon Dowodu (MD/CEO)
- HERITAGE BANK LTD
Mr. Ifie Sekibo
- ZENITH BANK PLC
Ebenezer Onyeagwu (MD/CEO)
Zenith Bank Plc
- FIRST CITY MONUMENT BANK PLC
Adam Nuru (MD/CEO)
FCMB, Co-operative Development Bank Plc, Nigeria-America Bank, Finbank
- GT BANK PLC
Guaranty Trust Bank Plc
- ACCESS BANK PLC
Access Bank Plc, Marina Bank, Capital Bank Nigeria Limited.
- STANBIC IBTC BANK
Dr. Demola Sogunle (MD/CEO)
- ECOBANK NIG. PLC
Mr. Charles Kie
- SUNTRUST BANK
Ayo Babatunde (MD/CEO)
- PROVIDE BANK
Walter Akpani (MD/CEO)
- GAIZ BANK
Mr. Hassan Usman (MD/CEO)
THE FOLLOWING BANKS ARE NOW AS FOLLOWS:
- Oceanic now Ecobank Nig. Plc
- Intercontinental Bank now Access Bank
- ETB now Sterling Bank
- Bank PHB now Keystone Bank
- Afri Bank now Mainstreet Bank
- Spring bank now Enterprise Bank
- Fin Bank now FCMB Plc
- Mainstreet Bank now Skye Bank
- Enterprise Bank now Heritage Bank
- Skye Bank now Polaris Bank
- Diamond Bank now Access Bank
THE FAILED BANKS ARE:
- African Express
- Assurance Bank
- City Express Bank
- Eagle Bank
- Fortune Bank
- Gulf Bank
- Liberty Bank
- Metropolitan Bank
- Triumph Bank
- Society Generale Bank
- All State Trust Bank
- Trade Bank
- Hallmark Bank
- Lead Bank
TIMELINE OF HISTORICAL EVENT IN NIGERIA SINCE 2009
- August 2009, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua granted amnesty to the Niger Delta Militants which lasted for 60 days.
- In February 6th, 2010, Goodluck Jonathan became the acting president of Nigeria.
- May 5th, 2010, President Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar’Adua died at 58 years in Aso Villa and was buried in Katsina State 6th of May 2010.
- May 6, 2010, acting Goodluck Jonathan was sworn in and was declared president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria at about 8:30am by Chief Justice Aloysius Katsina Alu.
- 1st May 2011, Osama Bin Laden was killed on in a firefight with U.S Forces in Pakistan. The Al-Qaeda Leader Osama Bin Laden before his death was born in 1957 in Saudi Arabia and became the world’s most terrific terrorist on 11th 2001 when he pioneered the invasion of the world trade centre of the United State of America.
- On the 17th April 2012, Former Governor James Ibori was sentenced to thirteen (13 years) imprisonment by British Southwark Court for defrauding Delta State Government of $250million (₦5Billion) while holding swag as governor between 1999-2007
- At about 3:45pm on Sunday the 3rd of June 2012, A Dana Air Passenger Plane carrying 153 people crashed into residential building at Olaniyi Street Iju, a suburb of Lagos, killing 153 on board and more than 30 other residents on the ground.
- On the 16th of July, 2012 Justice Aloma, Mariam Mukhtar became the first female Chief Justice of Nigeria.
- 21st March 2013, Prof. Chinua Achebe died in Boston, Massachusetts, United State at the Age of 82. Before his death he was a Nigeria Novelist, Poet, Professor and Critic. He was best known for his first Novel: Things Fall Apart in 1958, which is the most widely read book in Modern African Literature.
- On 7th June 2014, Dora Akunyili died of Cancer in an India Hospital at age 59. Before her death she was the Director of National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) of Nigeria and Nigeria Minister of information and Communication from 2008-2010. She was a Pharmacist and Government Administrator who gain hundreds of awards for her work in pharmacology, Public Health and Human Rights.
- On 20th October, 2014 World Health Organization officially declared Nigeria free of Ebola Virus after six weeks with no new cases.
- On 12th November 2014, President Goodluck Jonathan unveiled the New Hundred Naira ((₦100) Centenary Note at the Presidential Villa, Abuja.
- On 1st April 2015, Gen, Muhammadu Buhari became the first opposition candidate to win a presidential election in Nigeria.
- On the 8th of June 2016, former Nigeria Coach Stephen Keshi sadly passed away of cardiac arrest in the early hours of Wednesday at the ae of 54.
- On August 19th 2017, President Muhammadu Buhari arrives Nigeria at about 4:45pm after 104days on medical vacation in the United Kingdom.
- On 26th February 2019, President Muhammadu Buhari became the Second Military Head of State to win a two-term Presidential Election in Nigeria.
109 HOUSE OF 9TH SENATE MEMBERS, THEIR CONSTITUENCIES, AND POLITICAL PARTIES
STATE SENATORS PARTY
North Orji Uzor Kalu APC
South Eyinnaya Abaribe PDP
Central Theodora Orji PDP
North Ishiaku Elisha Cliff PDP
South Yaroe Binos Daua PDP
Central Aishatu Dahiru Ahmed APC
North Bassey Albert Akpan PDP
South Eyakenyi Akon Etim PDP
West Christopher Stephen Ekpenyong PDP
North Stella Oduah PDP
South Ifeanyi Ubah YPP
Central Uche Lilian Ekwunife PDP
North Bulkachuwa Adamu APC
South Lawan Gumau APC
Central Jike Dauda Halliru APC
East Degi Eremenyo Wangagra APC
West Ewhrudjako Lawrence PDP
Central Diri Douye PDP
East Gabriel Suswam PDP
West Patrick Abba Moro PDP
West Emmanuel Yisa Orker-Jev PDP
North Kyari Abubakar Shaib APC
South Ali Ndume APC
Central Kashim Shettima APC
North Oko Rose Okoji PDP
South Gershom Bassey PDP
Central Onor Sandy Ojang PDP
North Peter Nwaboshi PDP
South James Ebiowou Manager PDP
Central Obaisi Ovie Omo-Agege PDP
North Egwu Samuel Ominiyi PDP
South Michael Ama Nnachi PDP
Central Ogba Joseph Obinna PDP
North Francis Alimikhena APC
South Matthew Urhoghide PDP
Central Clifford Ordia PDP
North Adetunmbi Ayodeji APC
South Adeyeye Adebayo APC
Central Bamidele Opeyemi APC
North Utazi Chukwuka PDP
West Ike Ekweremadu PDP
East Nnamani Chimaroke PDP
North Alkali Ahmed APC
South Amos Bulus Kilawangs APC
Central Danjuma Goje APC
North Benjamin Uwajumogu APC
East Onyewuchi E. Francis PDP
West Rochas Okorocha APC
North-East Hassan Ibrahim Hadeija APC
South/West Sabo Mohammed APC
North/West Sankara Daniel APC
North Kwari Suleiman Abdu APC
South Danjuma La’ah Tella APC
Central Sani Uba PDP
North Barau Jibrin APC
South Kabiru Gaya APC
Central Ibrahim Shekarau APC
North Abdullahi Abubakar APC
South Bala Na’allah APC
Central Adamu Aliero APC
West Smart Adeyemi APC
East Jibrin Isah APC
Central Yakubu Oseni APC
North Umar Suleiman Sadiq APC
South Ashiru Oyelola Yisa APC
Central Oloriegbe Yahay Ibrahim APC
West Adeola Olamilekan APC
East Osinowo Sikiru Adebayo APC
Central Oluremi Tinubu APC
North Abdullahi Adamu APC
South Tanko Al-Makura APC
East Akwashiki Godiya APC
North Aliyu Sabi Abdullahi APC
South Bima Muhammad Enagi APC
East Mohammed Sani Musa APC
Central Ibikunle Amosun APC
East Mustapha Olalekun APC
West Odebiyi T. Akinremi APC
Central Akinyelure Patrick Ayo PDP
North Ajayi Boroface APC
South Nicholas Tofowomo PDP
Central Surajudeen A. Bairu APC
East Fadahunsi Francis Adenigba PDP
West Oriolowo Adelere Adeyemi APC
Central Folarin Teslim Kolawole APC
South Kola Ademola Balogun PDP
North Buhari Abdulfatai APC
Central Dimka Hezekiah Ayuba APC
South Ignatus Datong Longjan APC
North Gyang Istifanus Dung PDP
South/East Mpigi Barinada PDP
East Thompson Sekibo PDP
West Apaifi Jocelyn PDP
North Aliyu Wamakko APC
South Shehu Abubakar Tambuwa APC
East Ibrahim Gobir APC
Central Yusuf Abubakar Yusuf APC
South Emmanuel Bwacha PDP
North Isa Shuaibu Lau APC
North Ahmed Lawan APC
East Gaideam Ibrahim APC
South Bomai Ibrahim APC
Central Mohammed Hassan PDP
North Ya’u Sahabi PDP
West Lawali Hassan Anka PDP
Tanimu Philios Aduda PDP
10 BEST UNIVERSITIES IN THE WORLD
2019, Webometric Ranking
- Harvard University (USA)
- Stanford University
- Massachusetts Institute Technology (MIT), USA
- University of California Berkeley
- University of Michigan
- University of Washington
- University of Oxford
- Cornell University
- Columbia University, New York
- University of Cambridge
10 BEST UNIVERSITIES IN AFRICA
2019, Wabometric Ranking
- University of Cape town – South Africa
- University of Pretoria – South Africa
- University of South Africa – South Africa
- University of Witwatersrand
- University of Kwazulu-Natal – South Africa
- University of Stellenbosch – South Africa
- University of Johannesburg
- North West University
- University of Nairobi
- The American University in Cairo
BEST UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA
2019, Wabometric Ranking
- University of Ibadan (UI)
12th in Africa
- Covenant University, Ota
- University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN)
23rd in Africa
- Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU)
27th in Africa
- Federal University of Technology, Minna
45th in Africa
- University of Lagos (UNILAG)
25th in Africa
- Ahmadu Bello University (ABU)
34th in Africa
- Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta (FUNAAB)
73rd in Africa
- University of Ilorin (UNILORIN)
52nd in Africa
- Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA)
SOME NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES, AND DATES FOUNDED
- UI – University of Ibadan – 1948
- UNN – University of Nigeria Nsukka, Enugu – 1960
- ABU – Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna – 1962
- University of Lagos, UNILAG, Akoko – 1962
- OAU – Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun – 1962
- UNIBEN – University of Benin – 1970
- UNICAL – University of Calabar, Cross River – 1975
- UNIMAID – University of Maiduguri, Borno – 1975
- UNIPORT – University of Port Harcourt – 1975
- Bayero University, Kano – 1975
- UNILORIN – University of Ilorin, Kwara – 1975
- UNIJOS – University of Jos – 1976
- Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi – 1988
- FUTO – Federal University of Technology Owerri – 1980
- UNIZIK – Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka – 1983
STATE UNIVERSITIES & DATE
- ESUT – Enugu State University of Science & Technology – 1980
- IMSU – Imo State University, Owerri – 1981
- AAU – Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Benin – 1981
- Olabisi Onabanjo University Ago-Iwoye, Ogun – 1982
- ABSU – Abia State University, Uturu – 1983
- Ladoke Akintola University of Techonology, Oyo State – 1988
- DELSU – Delta State University, Abraka – 1992
- Benue State University – 1995
- Kano State University, Bagauda – 1998
- LASU – Lagos State University – 1983
- EBSU – Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki – 2001
- NDU – Niger Delta University, Amassoma, Bayelsa – 2001
- Kogi State University Anyigbe – 1999
- Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University – 2005
- Gombe State University, Gombe – 2005
PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES & DATE
- IUO – Igbinedion University Okada, Benin – 1999
- Madonna University, Okija, Anambra – 1999
- Babcock University, Ilesha, Remo, Ogun – 2002
- Bowen University, Iwo, Osun – 2002
- BIU – Benson Idahosa University, Benin – 2002
- Pan Africa University, Lekki, Lagos – 2002
- Covenant University, Otta, Ogun – 2002
- Redeemers University – 2005
- Joseph Ayo Babalola University – 2006
CENTRAL BANK INDIGENOUS GOVERNORS
- Clement Isong
1st Indigenous Governor
- Chief Ola Vincent
2nd Indigenous Governor
3rd Indigenous Governor
- Paul A. Ogwuma
4th Indigenous Governor
- Chief Joseph Sanusi
5th Indigenous Governor
- Charles Chukwuma
6th Indigenous Governor
- Sanusi Lamido Sanusi
7th Indigenous Governor
- Godwin Emefiele
8th Indigenous Governor Designate
PAST INDIGENOUS CHIEF JUSTICES OF NIGERIA FROM 1958 TO DATE
- Justice Sir. Ademola Adetokunbo, KBE, CON – 1958-1972
- Justice Teslim Olawale Elias, CFR, GCON – 1972-1975
- Justice Darnley Arthur Alexander, CBE, KCMG, CFR – 1975-1979
- Justice Atanda Fata Williams, CON – 1979-1983
- Justice George Sodeinde Sowemimo CON, GCON – 1983-1985
- Justice Ayo Gabriel Irikefe, OFR, CON, GCON – 1985-1987
- Justice Mohammed Bello, CON, GCON – 1987-1995
- Justice Mohammed Lawal Uwais, CON, GCON 1987-1995
- Justice Salihu Moddibo Alfa Belgore, CON, GCON – 1995-2006
- Justice Idris Legbo Kutigi – 2006-2009
- Justice Aloysius Katsina – Alu – 2009-2011
- Dahiru Musdapher – 2011-2012
- Aloma Mariam Mukhtar – 2012-2014
- Mahmud Mohammed – 2014-2016
- Walter Samuel Onnoghen – 2016-2018
- Ibrahim Tanko Mohammed – Incumbent
TOP 10 WEALTHIEST MEN IN THE WORLD
- Bill Gates (US) worth $76.6bn.
- Amancio Ortega (Spain) worth $73.5bn.
- Warren Buffet (American) worth $65.9bn.
- Jeff Bezos (American) worth $65bn.
- Carlos Slim Helu (Mexican) worth $52.2bn.
- Mark Zukerberg (American) CEO Facebook worth $51.2bn.
- Larry Ellison (American) worth $51.2bn.
- Michael Bloomberg (American) worth $46.7bn.
- Charles Koch (American) worth $36bn.
- David Koch (American) worth $44.2bn.
NOTE: Alh. Dangote now richest in Africa worth $25bn. Also the 23rd richest in the world. While Mike Adenuga worth $4.6bn Nigeria number 2 and World number 325.
RICHEST COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD
Countries GDP Per Capital
- Qater $129,726 (£105,791)
- Luxembourg $101,936 (£83,128)
- Macao $96,147 (£78,407)
- Singapore $87,082 (£71,015)
- Brunei $79,710 (£65,003)
- Kuwait $71,263 (£58,114)
RICHEST COUNTRIES IN AFRICA
Countries GDP Per Capital
- Equatorial Guinea $34,865 Billion
- Seychelles $28,712 Billion
- Mauritius $21,628 Billion
- Gabon $19,266 Billion
- Botswana $18,146 Billion
POOREST COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD
Countries GDP Per Capital
- Central African Republic $656 (£535)
- Democratic Republic of Congo $784 (£639)
- Burundi $818 (£667)
- Liberia $882 (£719)
- Niger $1,113 (£907)
MOST CORRUPT COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD
- North Korea
LEAST CORRUPT COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD
- New Zealand
SOME IMPORTANT ABBREVIATIONS
NEWS – North East West South
CD – Compact Disc
AM – Ante Meridiem (Before Noon)
PM – Post Meridiem (Afternoon)
ISBN – International Standard Book Number
ISSN – International Standard Serial Number
FM – Frequency Modulation
UHF – Ultra High Frequency
VHF – Very High Frequency
VAT – Value Added Tax
AGM – Annual General Meeting
SMS – Short Message Service
MMS – Multi Media Service
NACA – Nigeria Action Committee of Aids
AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
NAFDAC – National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration Control
SIM – Subscriber Identification Module
ATM – Automated Teller Machine
MTN – Mobile Telephone Networks
M.TEL – Mobile Telecommunication
BBC – British Broadcasting Corporation
AU – African Union
BPE – Bureau of Public Enterprise
CID – Criminal Investigation Department
ECOWAS – Economic Community of West African State
EFCC – Economic Financial Crimes Commission
FESTAC – Festival of Arts and Culture
FIFA – Federation of International Football Association
GSM – Global System for Mobile Communication
HIV – Human Immune Deficiency Virus
ICPC – Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences
NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization
INEC – Independent National Electoral Commission
NOA – National Orientation Agency
ICAN – Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria
NUJ – Nigerian Union of Journalists
UNICEF – United Nations International Children Education Fund
NUC – National Universities Commission
ASCON – Administration Staff College of Nigeria
NDLEA – National Drug Law Enforcement Agency
NDA – Nigerian Defense Academy
NLC – Nigerian Labour Congress
NDDC – Niger Delta Development Commission
NUPENG – National Union of Petroleum and Natural Gas Workers
NANS – National Association of Nigerian Students
NSE – Nigerian Stock Exchange
UNESCO – United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation
OPEC – Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OAU – Organisation Africa Unity
VON – Voice of Nigeria
WHO – World Health Organisation
NURTW – National Union of Road Transport Workers
UNIDO – United Nations Industrial Development Organisation
NNPC – Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
NIPOST – Nigerian Postal Service
UN – United Nations
VOA – Voice of America
NEPAD – New Partnership for African Development
NEEDS – National Economic and Empowerment Development Strategy
NIEPA – Nigeria Institute for Educational Planning and Administration
CIIN – Chartered Institute of Insurance of Nigerian
NPC – National Pension Commission
UAP – University Assistance Program
SPDC – Shell Petroleum Development Company
NANTA – National Association of Nigeria Travel Agencies
NCAA – Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority
NIPSS – National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies
PMAN – Performing Musicians Association of Nigeria
NMA – Nigeria Medical Association
RSVP – Respondezs’il Vous Plait
NIM – Nigeria Institute of Management
WAI-C – War Against Indiscipline and Corruption
UNICEF – United Nations International Children Educational Fund
NIGERIA STATES, CAPITAL, CREATION, SLOGAN AND GOVERNORS
|Abia||Umuahia||Aug. 27th 1991||God’s Own state||Okezie Ikpeazu – PDP|
|Adamawa||Yola||Aug. 27th 1991||Highest Peak of the Nation||Ahmadu Umaru Fintiri – PDP|
|Akwa-Ibom||Uyo||Sept. 23rd 1987||Land of Promise||Emmanuel Udom Gabriel – PDP|
|Anambra||Awka||Aug. 27th 1991||Light of the Nation||Willie Obiano – APGA|
|Bauch||Bauchi||Feb. 3rd 1976||Pearl of Tourism||Bala Mohammed – PDP|
|Bayelsa||Yenegoa||Oct. 1st 1996||Glory of all Lands||Duoye Diri – PDP|
|Benue||Makurdi||Feb. 3rd 1976||Food Basket of the Nation||Samuel Ortom – PDP|
|Borno||Maiduguri||May 27th 1991||The Home of Peace||Babagana Zulum – APC|
|Cross River||Calabar||Feb. 3rd 1976||The People’s Paradise||Ben Ayade – PDP|
|Delta||Asaba||Aug. 27th 1991||The Finger of God||Ifeanyi Okowa – PDP|
|Ebonyi||Abakaliki||Oct. 1st 1996||The Salt of the Nation||David Umahi – PDP|
|Edo||Benin||Aug. 27th 1991||The Heartbeat of the Nation||Godwin Obaseki – APC|
|Ekiti||Ado-Ekiti||Oct. 1st 1996||Land of Honour and Integrity||Dr. Kayode Fayemi – APC|
|Enugu||Enugu||Aug. 27th 1991||The Coal City State||Ugwanyi Ifeanyi Lawrence – PDP|
|Gombe||Gombe||Oct. 1st 1996||Jewel of the Savannah||Inuwa Yahaya – APC|
|Imo||Owerri||Feb.3rd 1967||Easterner Heart Land||Hope Uzodinma – APC|
|Jigawa||Dutse||Aug. 27th 1991||The New World||Mohammed Badaru – APC|
|Kaduna||Kaduna||May 27th 1967||Centre of Learning||Nasir El-Rufai – APC|
|Kano||Kano||May 27th 1991||Centre of Commerce||Aboullahi Umar Ganduje – APC|
|Katsina||Katsina||Sept. 23rd 1987||Home of Hospitality||Aminu Masari – APC|
|Kebbi||Birni-Kebbi||Aug. 27th 1991||Land of Equity||Atiku Bugudu – APC|
|Kogi||Lokoja||Aug. 27th 1991||The Confluence State||Yahaya Bello – APC|
|Kwara||Ilorin||May 27th 1991||State of Harmony||Abdularahman Abdulrazaq – APC|
|Lagos||Ikeja||May 27th 1967||Centre of Excellence||Babajide Sanwo-Olu – APC|
|Nasarawa||Lafia||Oct. 1st 1996||Home of Solid Minerals||Abdullahi Bello – APC|
|Niger||Minna||Feb. 3rd 1976||The Power State||Abubakar Sani Bello – APC|
|Ogun||Abeokuta||Feb.3rd 1976||The Gateway State||Dapo Abiodun – APC|
|Ondo||Akure||Feb. 3rd 1976||The Sunshine State||Rotimi Akeredolu – APC|
|Osun||Oshogbo||Aug. 27th 1991||The State of the Living Spring||Gboyega Oyetola – APC|
|Oyo||Ibadan||May 27th 1967||Pace Setters||Seyi Makinde – PDP|
|Plateau||Jos||May 27th 1967||The Home of Peace & Tourism||Simon Bako Lalong – APC|
|Rivers||Portharcourt||May 27th 1967||Treasure Base of the Nation||Nyesom Wike – PDP|
|Sokoto||Sokoto||May 27th 1967||Seat of the Caliphate||Aminu Waziri Tambuwal – PDP|
|Taraba||Jalingo||Aug. 27th 1991||Nature’s Gift of the Nation||Darius Ishaku – PDP|
|Yobe||Damaturu||Aug. 27th 1991||Pride of the Sahel||Maimala Buni – APC|
|Zamfara||Gusau||Oct. 1st 1996||Farming is our pride||Bello Mohammed Matawalle – PDP|
|FCT||Abuja||Dec. 12th 1991||Centre of Unity|
STATES IN NIGERIA WITH SAME NAMES AS CAPITAL
NUMBERS OF ELECTED REPRESENTATIVE IN VARIOUS POLITICAL OFFICES IN NIGERIA
The President Mr. President
The Governors 36 Governors
National Assembly 109 Senators
The Fed. House of Reps 360 Honourables
Local Government 774 Chairmen
Councilors 8540 Councillors
HISTORY OF FUEL PRICE INCREASE IN NIGERIA
GOWON, 1973: 6K to 8.45k (40.8%)
Murtala, 1976: 8.45K to 9k (0.59%)
Obasanjo, October 1st, 1978: 9k to 15.3k (70%)
Shagari, April 20th, 1982: 15.3k to 20k (30.71%)
Babangida, March 31st, 1986: 20k to 39.5k (97.5%)
Babangida, April 10th, 1988: 39.5k to 42k (6.33%)
Babangida, January 1st, 1989: 42k to 60k private vehicles
Babangida, December 19th, 1989: moved to uniform price of 60k (42.86%)
Babangida, March 6th, 1991: 60k to 70k (16.67%)
Shonekan, November 8th, 1993: 70k to ₦5 (6.14%)
Abacha, November 22nd, 1993: petrol price drops from ₦5 to ₦3.25k (-35%)
Abacha, October 2nd, 1994: ₦3.25k to ₦15 (61.54%)
Abacha, October 4th, 1994: price drops from ₦15 to ₦11 (-26.67%)
Abubakar, December, 20th, 1998: ₦11 to ₦25 (127.27%)
Abubakar, January 6th, 1999: ₦25 to ₦20 (-20%)
Obasanjo, June 1st, 2000: ₦20 to ₦30 (50%)
Obasanjo, June 8th, 2000: petrol price reduced to ₦22 (-10%)
Obasanjo, January 1st, 2002: ₦22 to ₦26 (18.18%)
Obasanjo, June to October, 2003: ₦26 to ₦42 (23.08%)
Obasanjo, May 29th, 2004: ₦50 (19.05%)
Obasanjo, August 25th, 2004: ₦65 (30%)
Obasanjo, May 27th, 2007: ₦75 (15.38%)
Yar’Adua, June 2007: ₦65 (-15.38%)
Jonathan, January 1st, 2012: ₦141
Jonathan, January 17th, 2012: ₦97
Jonathan, 2015: ₦97 to ₦87
Buhari, 2015: ₦87 to ₦86.50k
Buhari, 2016: ₦86.50k to ₦145
NOTE: Yar’Adua was the only leader who did not increase rather he reduced petrol price from ₦75 to ₦65 while Buhari reduced and later increased the price again.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF ORGANISATION OF PETROLEUM EXPORTING COUNTRIES (OPEC)
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was founded in Baghdad, Iraq with the signing of an agreement in September 10 – 14, 1960 by five countries namely Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
These countries were later joined by Qatar (1961), Indonesia (1962), Libya (1962), the United Arab Emirates (1967), Algeria (1969), Nigeria (1971), Ecuador (1973), Gabon (1975) and Angola (2007). From December 1992 until October 2007 Ecuador suspended its membership in 1995. Indonesia suspended its membership January 2009.
Currently, the organization has a total of 12 member countries.
OPEC had its headquarters in Geneva Switzerland, in the First 5 years of its existence. This was moved to Vienna, Austia on September 1st, 1965.
Its mandate is to co-ordinate and unify petroleum policies among member countries in order to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum produces, an efficient, consuming nations; and a fair return on capital to those investing in the industry.
Official Language of OPEC: English
President: Dr. Mohammed Bin Saleh (Qatar)
Secretary Gen. – Dr. Mohammed Sanusi Barkindo (Nigeria)
MAIN INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION THAT NIGERIA BELONGS
- Economic Community of West Africa States (ECOWAS)
- United Nations Organization (UNO)
- Common Wealth of Nations (CON)
- African Union (AU)
- Group 77 (G77)
- Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
- New Partnership for African Development
SENATE PRESIDENT SINCE 1960
- Nnamdi Azikiwe 1960
- Nwafor Orizu 1960 – 1966
- joseph Wayas 1979 – 1983
- Iyorchia Ayu 1992 – 1993
- Anech Ebute 1993 – 1993
- Chief Evan Enwerem 1999 – 1999
- Chuba Okadigbo 1999 – 2000
- Chief Pius Anyim 2003 – 2005
- Chief Adolphus Wabara 2003 – 2005
- Chief Ken Nnamani 2005 – 2007
- Chief David Mark 2007 – 2015
- Bukola Saraki 2015 – 2019
- Ahmed Lawan – incumbent
SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES SINCE 1960
- Ibrahim Waziri Gombe
- Benjamin A. Chacha
- Chief Edwin Ume-Ezeoke
- Agunwa Anaekwe
- Buhari Salisu
- Umar Ghali Na-Abba
- Aminu Bello Masari
- Patricia Olubunmi Etteh
- Saburi Dimeji Bankole
- Aminu Waziri Tambuwal
- Yakubu Dogara
- Femi Gbajabiamila – incumbent
DATES AND EVENTS OF WORLD POLITICS
- In 1776, America became the first independent country.
- In 1798, the Republic of Switzerland was formed.
- In 1961, South African withdrew from Common Wealth.
- In 1903, Federick Lugard occupied Sokoto State of Nigeria.
- In 1902, Empire day was celebrated in Britain.
- In 1832, Greece became independent Republic.
- In 1928, England lowered the women voters from 30 to 21 years.
- In 1978, Fedric D. George was the first Africa-American shuttle commander.
- In 1959, Empire day was renamed as Common Wealth Day in England.
- In 1893, Thomas F. Bayard became the first US ambassador to Great Britain.
- In 1967, First BIAFRAN Government was formed by Odumegu Ojukwu declared independence from Nigeria.
- In 1912, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born. He became a Prime Minister in 1957, 1960 and 1964. He was killed on January 15th 1966 in Nigeria first Military coup.
- In 1914, Lord Lugard amalgated Northern and Southern Nigeria.
- In 1905, the White won right to vote in South Africa.
- In 1914, the first South Africa Government was approved.
- The First Country to get independence in Africa is Liberia in 1847.
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NIGERIAN ARMED FORCES
Nigeria Army – 1863
Nigeria Police – 1930
Nigeria Navy – 1956
Nigeria Air force – 1964
FIFA PRESIDENTS FROM MAY 21ST 1904 TO DATE
- Robert Guerin: France 1904-1908
- Daniel Burley Woolfall: 1906-1913
- Jules Rimet: France 1921-1954
- Rodolphe William Seeldrayers: Belgium 1954-1955
- Arthur Drewry: England 1955-1961
- Sir Stanley Rous: 1961-1974
- Joao Havelange: Brazil 1974-1998
- Joseph S. Blatter: Switzerland 1998-2016
- Gianni Infantino: Switzerland 2016 to date
- World cup started in 1930 in Uruguay.
- The first world cup goal was scored by Lucent Lawrent of France, in his team 4-1 win over Mexico in 1930.
- Football was first played in Nigeria in Calabar in 1930.
- The National Stadium in Surulere Lagos was officially opened on 4th December 1972.
- FIFA World footballer of the year Luka Modric, Croatian, Club – Real Madrid.
- The Africa Best footballer of the year – Mohammed Salah (Egypt).
- The largest Stadium in the world is the Maracana stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil which can accommodate over 245,000 people.
- The President of Confederation of African Football (CAF) is Ahmed Ahmed from Madagascar.
- Rasheed Yekini was the first to score Nigeria world cup goal in USA in 1994.
- The first Nigeria female to win Olympic gold medal is Chioma Ajunwa, in Atlanta 1996 Olympics.
- France defeated Croatia 4-2 goals emerging the winner of the 2018 world cup hosted by Russia.
- Two Babies Born together are twins
- Three Babies Born together are triplet
- Four Babies Born together are quadruplets
- Five Babies Born together are quintuplets
- Six Babies Born together are sextuplets
- Seven Babies Born together are septuplets
- Siamese twins are two babies born together but not properly separated.
THE 7 CONTINENTS
- North America
- South America
THE PLANETS AND THEIR DISTANCE FROM THE SUN
- Satum (1,426M KM)
- Pluto (5,908)
- Earth (150M KM)
- Mars (229M KM)
- Uranus (2,867M KM) 6 Mercury (58M KM)
- Mercury (58M KM)
- Jupiter (770M KM)
- Neptune (4,459M KM)
- Venus (108M KM)
SHORTEST/TALLEST PEOPLE IN THE WORLD
- The shortest man in the world is Chandra Bahadur Dangi (Nepalese Mountain btw India & China) 21.5 inches tall.
- The shortest woman in the world is Jyoti Amge (India) measuring 2ft 0.7 inches tall.
- The tallest man in the world is Sultan Kosen (Turkey) measuring 8ft 3 inches tall.
- The tallest woman in the world is Siddiqa Parveen (India) meeting 7ft 8 inches.
STATE CREATION IN NIGERIA
- General Yakubu Gowon created 12 states in Nigeria on 27th May 1967.
- General Murtala Mohammed increased the states from 12 to 19 on the 3rd of February 1976.
- On the 23rd of September, 1987 Gen. Ibrahim B. Babangida created 2 additional states, Katsina and Akwa-Ibom to make the states 21.
- General Ibrahim B. Babangida recreated 9 states, making 30 states on 27th August 1991.
- On 1st 1996, Gen. Sani Abacha announced 6 states making 36 and the FCT Abuja.
NIGERIA STANDARD DAILLING CODES
Benin City 052
Port Harcourt 084
San Marino (301 AD)
France (486 AD)
Bulgaria (632 AD)
Denmark (950 AD)
Portugal (1143 AD)
NAMES OF INEC CHAIRMAN IN NIGERIA SINCE 1964 TO DATE
- Sir Kofo Abayomi 1st Republic 1984-1966
- E. E. Esua 1st Republic
- Chief Michael Ani 2nd Republic 1979-1993
- Ovie Whiskey 2nd Republic
- Eme Awa 3rd Republic 1988-1993
- Humphrey Nwosu 3rd Republic
- Dagogo Jack 4th Republic 1995-1999
- Ephraim Akpata 4th Republic 1998-1999
- Abel Guobadia 4th Republic 1999-2006
- Maurice Iwu 4th Republic 2006-2010
- Attahiru Jega 4th Republic 2010-2015
- Amina Zakari 4th Republic 2015-2015
- Mahmood Yakubu 4th Republic Incumbent
FAMOUS INVENTORS AND THEIR INVENTIONS
INVENTOR INVENTION YEAR
Prof. David Edward Microphone 1878
John L. Baid Television 1926
Graham Bell Telephone 1861
Galilei Galileo Thermometer 1593
Thomas Edison Phonograph 1845
Karl Benze Car 1780
Edward Bullet Motorcycle 1884
Elia Thompson Weeding Machine 1877
William Stanley Transformer 1864
Blaise Pascal Adding Machine 1642
Sir Charles Ship 1775
Krick Macmillan Bicycle 1888
Mitterhofer typewriter 1456
George Eastern Photograh 1849
Film (Kodak Camera)
Rick Kellogg Loud Speaker 1973
Orville & Wilbur Wright Airplane 1903
- Stephen/Richard Locomotive engine 1804
Sir Frank Whittle Jet Machine 1937
Richard Gatting Machine Gun 1861
Thomas J. Martins Fire Extinguisher 1872
Johann Guterberg Printing 1609
Willis Carrier Air Condition 1902
South Sudan (9th July, 2011)
Montenegro (July, 2006)
Serbia (July, 2006)
East Timor (2002)
Czech Republic (1993)
NOTABLE WORLD MOUNTAINS
Mt. Everrest (2903ft) Nepal/China
Qoqir (k2) (2825ft) Pakistan
Kangchenjungai (28168 ft) Nepal
Hotse (27720ft) Nepal
Makalu I (27720ft) Nepal
Cho Oyu (26906ft) Nepal Dhaulagiri
OCEANS OF THE WORLD (BY SIZE)
Pacific (155,557,000 sq km)
Atlantic (76,762,00 sq km)
Indian (68,556,000 sq km)
Arctic (14,056,000 sq km)
Southern (20,327,000 sq km)
NOTE: The Southern Ocean was approved in 2002 by the international Hydrographic Organisation.
HISTORY OF NIGERIAN CURRENCY
The Ten Naira was introduced on the 1st of Jan. 1973, replacing the pound at a rate of 2 Naira = 1 Pound.
In Jan. 1st 1973, the CBN introduced notes for 50 kobo, 1, 5, 10 and 20 Naira and Coins of ½ 1, 5, 10 and 25 Kobo.
On 11th Feb., 1977 a new banknote denomination of the value of 20 Naira was issued. The 20 Naira is the first currency note to bear the portrait of a Nigerian citizen that is Late Head of State, Gen. Murtala Ramat Mohammed.
On 2nd Julyy 1979, new currency notes of three denominations, namely 1, 5 and 10 Naira were introduced in 1991, both the 50kobo and 1 Naira notes became coined.
Dec. 1st 1999 – ₦100
Nov. 1st 2000 – ₦200
April 2nd 2001 – ₦500
Oct. 12th 2005 – ₦1000 were introduced respectively.
On Feb. 28th 2007, ₦50, ₦20, ₦10, ₦5 were reissued with a new design, while a new denomination of …. Were introduced.
CLASSIFICATION OF AFRICA
- NORTH AFRICA: Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Morocco, Egypt.
- SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Mozambique, Botswana, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Zambia.
- EAST AFRICA: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Sudan, Ethiopia
- WEST AFRICA: Nigeria, Republic fo Benin, Ghana, Togo, Niger, Ivory Coast, Cape Verde, Liberia, Burkinafaso, Mali, Sierra-Loene, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Senegal, Mauritania.
- CENTRAL AFRICA: Chad, Central Africa Republic, Congo D.R, Rwanda, Burundi, Gabon, Angola, Cameroun, Equitorial Guinea, Sao Tome Principe.
NIGERIA COAT OF ARM
Representation of Components
- The Black Shield represents the fertile soil of Nigeria.
- The Eagle represents the Stength of Nigeria.
- The Two Horses stands for Dignity and Pride.
- The Y represent River Niger and River Benue.
THE NIGERIAN FLAG
The Nigerian flag has two colours (Green and White)
- The Green part represents Agriculture.
- The White part represents Unity and Peace.
RIGHT OF A CITIZEN IN A STATE
- Right to life
- Equality before the law
- Right to liberty
- Right to association
- Freedom from slavery
- Right to fair hearing
- A suspect is assumed to be innocent until pronouncement guilty by court of law.
- Freedom from discrimination
- Right to religion of choice and conscience.
- Freedom of Expression.
- Freedom of movement
- Freedom of assembly
- Right to vote and to be voted for in an Election.
- Right to education
- Right to private family life.
THE REGISTERED POLITICAL PARTIES OF NIGERIA
- Accord – A
- Advanced Congress of Democrat – ACD
- African Democratic Congress – ADC
- African Renaissance Party – ARP
- All Progressive Congress – APC
- All Progressive Grand Alliance – APGA
- Alliance for Democracy – AD
- Allied Congress Party of Nigeria – ACPN
- Change Advocacy Party – CAP
- Citizen Popular Party – CPP
- Democratic Alternative – DA
- Democratic Front for People’s Fed. – DFPF
- Kowa Party – KP
- Labour Party – LP
- Masses Movement of Nigeria – MMN
- Mega Progressive People’s Party – MPPP
- Movement of the Restoration & Defence of Democracy – MRDD
- National Action Council – NAC
- National Conscience Party – NCP
- National Democratic Liberty Party – NDLP
- National Democratic Party – NDP
- National Unity Party – NUP
- New Nigeria People’s Party – NNPP
- Nigeria Element Progressive Party – NEPP
- Nigeria People’s Congress – NPC
- People for Democratic Change – PDC
- Peoples Democratic Party – PDP
- People’s Party of Nigeria – PPN
- Progressive People Alliance – PPA
- United Democratic Party – UDP
- United National Party for Development – UNPD
THE 28 DE-REGISTERED POLITICAL PARTIES BY INEC ARE AS FOLLOWS:
- Action Alliance – AA
- Action Party of Nigeria – APN
- African Liberation Party – ALP
- African Political System – APS
- Better Nigeria Progressive Party – BNPP
- Congress for Democratic Change – CDC
- Community Party of Nigeria – CPN
- Democratic People Alliance – DPA
- Freedom Party of Nigeria – FPN
- Fresh Democratic Party – FDP
- Hope Democratic Party – HDP
- Justice Party – JP
- Liberal Democratic Party of Nigeria – LDPN
- Movement for Democracy and Justice – MDJ
- Movement for the Restoration and Defence of Democracy – MRDD
- National Majority Democratic Party – NMDP
- National Movement of Progressive Party – NMPP
- National Reformation Party – NRP
- National Solidarity Democratic Party – NSDP
- New Democrat – ND
- National Advanced Party – NAP
- People’s Mandate Party – PMP
- People’s Progressive Party – PPP
- People’s Redemption Party – PRP
- People Salvation Party – PSP
- Progressive Action Congress – PAC
- Republican Party of Nigeria – RPN
- United Nigeria People’s Party – UNPP
NAME OF PERSONALITIES IMMORTALIZED IN THE NIGERIAN CURRENCIES
- Alhaji Sir. Tafawa Balewa
₦5.00, Oct. 1984
- Alvan Ikoku
₦10.00, Oct. 1985
- Murtala Muhammed
₦20.00, March 1975
- Wazobia (three Ethnic groups)
₦50.00, 27th August 1991
- Chief Obafemi Awolowo
₦100.00, Nov. 1999
- Nnamdi Azikiwe
₦500.00, Nov. 2000
- Alhaji Aliyu Mai-Borno & Dr. Clement Isong
₦1000.00, 12th Oct. 2005
BRIEF HISTORY OF THE NEW OBA OF BENIN
Born on October 20, 1953, Crown Prince (Ambassador) Eheneden Erediauwa, He attended the famous Edo College in Benin from 1965 to 1967. He later went to Immaculate Conception College between 1968 and 1979 before moving to England, where he obtained his Advanced Level General Certificated of Education from South Thames College, South-West London.
He holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Economics from the University of Wales, United Kingdom. He holds a Master of Public Administration Degree from Rutger University, Graduate School, New Jersey, United States of America. Between 1981, 1982, he was at the United Nations as a graduate Intern. He is equally a member of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs.
On 20th of October 2016, His Royal Highness, Eheneden Erediauwa, emerged the 40th Oba of Benin Kingdom. He also announced the name he had chosen to bear as Oba Ewuare II, and would be addressed as Omo N’Oba N’Edo Uku Akpolokpolo, Oba Ewuare II, after Oba Ewuare I, who reigned in 1440AD.
ORIGIN OF THE NIGERIA POLICE FORCE
The Nigeria Police was founded in 1930, its origin is traceable to 1861 when it was first known as the “Consular Guard” with an initial strength of 30 men. The Nigeria Police was called the Consular Guard because the representative of the British Government was Consul John Beecroff.
THE NIGERIAN POLICE LEADERSHIP 1930 TILL DATE
- C.W. D, Inspector Gen. – 1930–1935
- S.H. Trutham, Inspector Gen. – 1935-1936
- Major A. S, Inspector Gen. – 1936-1937
- A.S. Mavrogosdate, Commissioner – 1938-1942
- W.C. King, Commissioner – 1942-1947
- T.V.M. Friday, Commissioner – 1948-1949
- Ivor Stourton, Commissioner – 1950-1952
- R.J.R. Madaughian, Inspector Gen. – 1952-1956
- Kerr Bovell, Inspector Gen. – 1956-1962
- J.E. Hodge, Inspector Gen. – 1962-1964
INDIGENOUS INSPECTOR GENERAL
- L.O. Edet, Inspector Gen. – 1964-1966
- Kam Salem, Inspector Gen. – 1966-1975
- M.D. Yusuf, Inspector Gen. – 1975-1979
- Adamu Suleman, Inspector Gen. – 1979-1981
- S.A. Adewusi, Inspector Gen. – 1981-1983
- E.O. Inyang, Inspector Gen. – 1983-1986
- M. Gambo, Inspector Gen. – 1986-1989
- Aliyu Ibrahim Atta, Inspector Gen. – 1990-1993
- Ibrahim A. Coomassie, Inspector Gen. – 1993-1999
- M. A. K. Smith, Inspector Gen. – 1999-2002
- T.A. Balogun, Inspector Gen. – 2002-2005
- Sunday Ehindaro, Inspector Gen. – 2005-2007
- Mike Okiro, Inspector Gen. – 2007-2009
- Ogbonna Onovo, Inspector Gen. – 2009-2010
- Hafiz Ringim, Inspector Gen. – 2010-2012
- Mohammed D. Abubakar, Inspector Gen. – 2012-2014
- Suleiman Abba, Inspector Gen. – 2014-2015
- Solomon Arase, Inspector Gen. – 2015-2016
- Ibrahim Idris, Inspector Gen. – 2016-2019
- Abubakar Adamu Mohammed, Inspector Gen. – 2019 till date.
BADGES & RANK OF THE NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE
THE NIGERIAN POLICE FLAG
This flag has three colours (Blue, Yellow, Green)
- The Blue symbolizes, Love, Loyalty and Unity.
- The Yellow is for Discipline and Resourcefulness.
- The Green represents Energy and Life.
NIGERIA MILITARY RANKS, INSIGNIAS AND EQUIVALENTS NON-COMMISSION OFFICERS (NCO)
- United Nation was established on 24th October 1945 following the signing of an international treaty of peace and co-operation by fifty-one independent nations.
- The treaty that established united nations was signed in San Francisco in U.S.A.
- UN has 193 member’s countries.
- The five (5) permanent members of UNO security council are USA, Russia, Britain, France and China.
- The headquarter of UNO is New York, U.S.A.
- The current UN Secretary Gen. – Antonio Guterres (Portugal).
- The Current Deputy UN Sec. Gen. Amina Mohammed (Nigeria).
SPECIALIZED AGENCIES OF THE UNITED NATION (UN)
- World Health Organization (WHO).
- United Nations Children Fund or United Nations International Children Education Fund (UNICEF).
- United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
- United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNCHCR).
- United Nations Development Project (UNDP).
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
- International Labour Organization (ILO).
- Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).
UNITED NATIONS SECRETARY GENERALS
- Gladwyn Jebb of United Kingdom – 1945-1946
- Trygve Lie of Norway – 1946-1953
- Dag Hammarskjold of Sweden – 1953-1961
- Thant of Burma (Myanmar) – 1961-1971
- Kurt Waldhelm of Austria – 1971-1981
- Jevier Persde Celler of Peru – 1982-1992
- Boutros Ghali of Egypt – 1993-1996
- Kofi Anan of Ghana – 1996-2006
- Ban Ki-Moon of South Korea – 2006-2016
- Antonio Guterres of Portugal – Incumbent.
HEADQUARTERS/SECRETARIAT OF WORLD ORGANIZATIONS
- The United Nations Organization (UNO) – New York
- Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) – Abuja, Nigeria
- African Union (AU) – Addis Ababa
- Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) Zurich, Switzerland.
- European Economic Community (EEC) – Brussels, Belgium.
ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATE
ECOWAS was established on May 28th 1975 with Headquarters in Abuja.
ORGANS OF ECOWAS
- Assembly of heads of State and Government
- Council of Ministers
- The secretariat
- The tribunal
PAST AND PRESENT CHAIRMEN OF ECOWAS
|1977||Gen. Gnassingbe Eyadema||Togo|
|1978||Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo||Nigeria|
|1979||Leopoid Sedar Senghor||Senegal|
|1980||Gen. Gnassingbe Eyadema||Togo|
|1981||Dr. Siaka Stevens||Sierra Leone|
|1983||Ahmmed Sekou Toure||Guinea|
|1985||Gen. Mohammadu Buhari||Nigeria|
|1986/1988||Gen. Ibrahim Babangida||Nigeria|
|1989||Alh. Dawda Jawara|
|1990||Capt. Blaise Campaore||Burkinafaso|
|1991||Alh. Dawda Jawara|
|1992||Alh. Abdou Diouf||Senegal|
|1993||Nicephore Dieudonne Soglo||Benin|
|1994/1995||Fit. Lt. Jerry Rawlings||Ghana|
|1996/1998||Gen. Sanni Abacha||Nigeria|
|1998/1999||Gen. Abdulsalami Abubakar||Nigeria|
|1999||Gen. Gnassingbe Eyadema||Togo|
|1999/2001||Alfa Omar Konare||Mali|
|2012/2014||Alassane Quattara||Ivory Coast|
|2014/2016||John Dramani Mahama||Ghana|
|2017/2018||Mr. Faure Gnassingbe||Togo|
|2019 to date||Muhammadu Issoufou||Niger|
MEMBERS OF COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES
COUNTRIES DATE JOINED
South Africa 1931
Sierra Leone 1961
COUNTRIES DATE JOINED
Sri Lanka 1948
COUNTRIES DATE JOINED
New Zealand 1975
Papus New Guienea 1975
Solomon Islands 1978
COUNTRIES DATE JOINED
COUNTRIES DATE JOINED
Antigua Barbuda 1981
Saintkitts & Nevis 1983
Saint Lucia 1979
Trinidad Tobago 1962
COUNTRIES DATE JOINED
ORGANIZATION OF AFRICAN UNION (OAU) NOW AU AFRICAN UNION
OAU was established 25th May, 1963 in Addis Ababa consisting of 54 African States. It was later changed to African Union (AU) 9th July 2002 in South Africa. The most important decisions of the AU are made by the assembly of the African Union.
NOTE: The only African State not in the AU is Morocco.
ORGANIZATIONS OF (OAU)
- The Assembly of Heads of State Government
- The Council of Ministers
- The General Secretariat
- The Commission for mediation, conciliation and arbitration.
- First female Vice Chancellor of University of Benin is Prof. Grace Alele Williams of Uniben.
- Marry Slessor was the female missionary who stopped the killing of twins in Calabar.
- The first female Brigadier in Nigeria is Ronke Kale.
- Bisi Ugowe was the first female deputy Inspector General of Police.
- Mrs Vigina Etiaba was the first female Government fof Anambra State, Nigeria.
- Mrs Patricia Etteh was the first female Speaker, House of Representative.
- Ellen Johnson Sir Leaf is the first female President in Africa. Elected President and was sworn in on Jan. 16th 2006 (Liberia).
- Miss Felix Stella is the first female to Travel to the space at age of 17 years on Sept. 2006.
- Mrs Elfrida Adeho is the first female Professor.
- Mrs L. Okunnu is the first female Deputy Governor of Lagos State.
- Mrs Bola Bello is the first female tanker driver.
- Efunroye Tunubu is the first female to own a car.
- Dr. Elizabeth Awoniyi Abimbola was the first female Doctor in Nigeria.
- Nnamdi Azikiwe is a nationalist and the first President of Nigeria.
- Herbert McCauley is the founding father of Nigeria Nationalist Movement.
- Tafawa Balewa is a Nationalist and the first Prime Minister of Nigeria.
- Chief Obafemi Awolowo is a nationalist and the first Premier of Western Region.
- Wole Soyinka is the first nobel prize winner in literature.
- The first Nigerian to gain Ph.d in Mathematics is Dr. Chike Obi.
- Goodluck Jonathan is the first South South Presient in Nigeria.
- The first slave boy in Africa to become a Bishop was Bishop Ajayi Crowder.
- The first Africa Television Broadcaster is Segun Olusola.
- Aliko Dangote is the first non-political office holder to be given GCON in Nigeria.
- Oba Esigie of Benin City was the first person to speak foreign language (Portuguese) in Nigeria in 1503 and he was crowned Oba of Benin in 1504.
- Nnamdi Azikiwe was the first Premier of Defunct Eastern Region.
- Alhaji Ahmadu Bello was the first Premier of Defunct Western Region.
- Chief Dennis Osadebe was the first Premier of Defunct Mid-Western Region.
- Chief Anyaoku was the first Nigeria Secretary General of the CommonWealth Nations.
THE TEN NATIONAL HONOURS IN NIGERIA
GCFR – Grand Commander of the Order of the Federal Republic.
GCON – Grand Commander of the Order of the Niger.
CFR – Commander of the Order of the Federal Republic.
CON – Commander of the Order of the Niger.
OFR – Officer of the Order of the Federal Republic.
OON – Office of the Order of the Niger.
MFR – Member of the Order of the Federal Republic.
MON – Member of the Order of the Niger.
FRM – Federal Republic Medal
ONM – Order of the Niger Medal.
Since the inception of National award in 1963, 4,700 people have been so far conferred with the awards.
14th Nov., 2011 Alh. Aliko Dangote became the first non-political office holder to be given the award of GCON in Nigeria.
PAST WINNERS OF THE (CAF) AFRICA CUP OF NATION
YEAR HOSTS WINNERS
1957 Sudan Egypt 4-0 Ethiopia
1959 Egypt Egypt 2-1 Sudan
1963 Ghana Ghana 3-0 Sudan
1965 Tunisia Ghana 3-2 Tunisia
1967 Ethiopia DR Congo 1-0 Ghana
1970 Sudan Sudan 1-0 Ghana
1972 Cameroun Congo 3-2 Uganda
1974 Egypt Zaire 2-0 Zambia (After Replay)
1976 Ethiopia Morocco (League Format)
1978 Ghana Ghana 2-0 Uganda
1980 Nigeria Nigeria 3-0 Algeria
1982 Libya Ghana 1-1 Libya (7-6 Penalties)
1984 Ivory Coast Cameroun 3-1 Nigeria
1986 Egypt Egypt 0-0 Cameroun (5-4 Penalties)
1988 Morocco Cameroun 1-0 Nigeria
1990 Algeria Algeria 1-0 Nigeria
1992 Senegal Ivory Coast 0-0 Ghana (11-10 Penalties)
1994 Tunisia Nigeria 2-1 Zambia
1996 South Africa South Africa 2-0 Tunisia
1998 Burkina Faso Egypt 2-0 South Africa
2000 Ghana/Nigeria Cameroun 2-2 Nigeria (3-2 Penalties)
2002 Mali Cameroun 0-0 Senegal (3-2 Penalties)
2004 Tunisia Tunisia 2-1 Morocco
2006 Egypt Egypt 0-0 Ivory Coast (4-2 Penalties)
2008 Ghana Egypt 1-0 Cameroun
2010 Angola Egypt 1-0 Ghana
2012 Gabon/Equitorial Guinea Zambia 0-0 Ivory Coast (8-7)
2013 South Africa Nigeria 1-0 Burkina Faso
2015 Equitoria Guinea Ivory Coast 0-0 Ghana (9-8 Penalties)
2017 Gabon Egypt 1-2 Cameroun
2019 Egypt Senegal 0-1 Algeria
SOME FACTS ABOUT THE WORLD
- The World War I
Started in 1914 and Ended in 1918. The countries that mostly involved in the war were Germany, Austria, Hungary and their allies against Britain.
- World War II
Began on Sept. 1st, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland. In response, Britain and France declared war on Germany. Most of the Europe countries were controlled by Germany in 1914, including France. During the World War II, Adolph Hitler succeeded in killing over six million European Jews; this gruesome killing was called Holocaust. The war ended on the 8th of May 1945 when Germany surrounded.
- The Golf War
Persian Golf War started 2nd August 1990 between Iraq and a coalition force 35 nations authorized by the United Nation (UN) and led primarily by the United States in order to liberate Kuwait. The War ended 28th February 1991.
- Sadam Hussein, former Iraqi President and a terror to humanity died by hanging on Sat. Dec. 2006 at Baghdad, Iraq, Aged 69.
- UN Sec. Gen. – Antonio Guterres (Portugal) born 1949.
- Commonwealth Sec. Gen. – Kamalesh Sharma (India)
- British Prime Minister – Boris Johnson
- World Bank President – David Malpass
- IMF Managing Director is Christain Lagarde.
- AU Chairman – Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi –Egypt President.
- The country with the highest rate of unemployment in the world is Bosnia Herzegovina
- The most populated country in the world is the People’s Republic of China. Population over 2 Billion.
- Pop Legend, Whitney Houston was found dead in her room at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Los Angeles on Saturday 11th 2012. At aged 48.
- Jorge Mario Begoglio, an Argentine born December 17, 1936 now Pope Francis the 1st First Latin America, first non-european pope to be elected by conclave of cardinals on 13th March 2013.
- The most populated city in the world is Tokyo in Japan (City of Love).
- The Head of Commonwealth Nations is Queen Elizabeth II of England.
- The first University in the world is Al-Azhear University in Cairo in Egypt, founded in 970AD.
MILITARY COUPS IN NIGERIA SINCE INDEPENDENCE
- 15th 1966 led by Maj. Emmanuel Ifeajuna & Nzeogwu Kaduna.
- July 29th 1966 led by Gen. Yakubu Gowon
- July 29th 1975 led by Gen. Murtala Mohammed.
- 13th 1976 led by Col. Buka Dimka
- 31st 1983 led by Gen. Muhammadu Buhari.
- 27th 1985 led by Gen Ibrahim Babangida
- 1986 led by Maj. Gen. Mamman Vasta but Failed.
- 1990 led by Maj. Gideon Orkar but also failed
- 17th 1993 led by Gen. Sanni Abacha
- 1995 led by Gen. Shehu Musa Yar’Adua & Olusegun Obasanjo.
- 21st 1997 led by Lt. Gen. Oladipo Diya and 35 others.
WORDS RELATING TO SCIENCE AND ARTS
- The art of tilling the soil – AGRICULTURE
- The art of cultivating and managing Gardens – HORTICULTURE
- The study of Ancient buildings and prehistoric remains – ARCHAEOLOGY
- The science of numbers – MATHEMATICS
- The art of measuring land – SURVEYING
- The study of human face – PHYSIOGNOMY
- The study of physical life or living matter – BIOLOGY
- The study of plants – BOTANY
- The natural history of animals – ZOOLOGY
- The art of preserving skins – TAXIDERMY
WORDS RELATING TO GOVERNMENT
- Government of the people, for the people and by the people – DEMOCRACY
- Government by sovereign of uncontrolled authority – AUTOCRACY
- Government by department of state – BUREAUCRACY
- Government by a few – OLIGARCHY
- Government by divine guidance – THEOCRACY
- Government by military class – STATOCRACY
- The right of self-government – AUTONOMY
- Government by worst citizens – KAKISTOCRACY
MAIN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS THAT NIGERIA BELONGS
- United Nations Organization (UNO)
- Common Wealth of Nations (CON)
- African Union (AU)
- Economic Community of West Africa State (ECOWAS)
- New Partnership for African Development Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
SEAPORTS IN NIGERIA
Tincan Island Sea Port Lagos
Apapa Sea Port Lagos
Calabar Sea Port Calabar
Port Harcourt Sea Port Rivers State
Warri Sea Port Delta
Sapele Sea Port Delta
Eleme Sea Port Rivers State
Onne Port Rivers State
DAMS IN NIGERIA
- Kainji Dam (Niger State).
- Bakore Dam (Katsina State)
- Dadin Kowa Dam (Gombe State)
- Tungerm Kowa Dam (Niger State)
- Tiga Dam (Kano State)
- Jibiye Dam (Katsina State)
- Goronya Dam (Sokoto State)
- Ikpoba Dam (Edo State)
- Kafi Zaki Dam (Bauchi State)
- Shiroro Dam (Niger State)
AFRICA COUNTRIES & PRESIDENT
|SN||COUNTRIES||CAPITAL||PRESIDENT||YEAR OF IND.||CURRENCY||EX-MASTERS|
|1||Algeria||Algiers||Abdelaziz Bouteflika||3rd July 1962||Diner||France|
|2||Angola||Luanda||Eduardo dos Santos||11th Nov. 1975||Kwanza||Portugal|
|3||Benin Republic||Cotonou||Yayi Boni||1St Aug. 1960||Franc||France|
|4||Botswana||Gaborone||Khama lan Khama||30th Sept. 1966||Pula||UK|
|5||Burkina Faso||Ouagadougou||Michael Kafando||5th Sept. 1960||Franc||France|
|6||Burundi||Bujumbura||Pierre Nkurunziza||1st July 1962||Franc||France|
|7||Cameroun||Yaounde||Paul Biya||1st Jan 1960||Franc||France|
|8||Cape Verde||Praia||Pedro Pires||5th July 1975||Escudo||France|
|9||Cent. Afri. Rep.||Bangui||Catherine Samba-Panza||13th Aug. 1960||Franc||France|
|10||Chad||N’Djamena||Idris Debi||11th Aug. 1960||Franc||France|
|11||Comoros||Moroni||Ikililou Dhoinine||5th July 1975||Franc||France|
|12||Congo||Brazzaville||Denis Nguesso||5th July 1960||Franc||France|
|13||Congo D.R||Kinshasa||Joseph Kabila||30th June 1960||Franc||France|
|14||Ivory Coast||Youmasoukro||Alassane Quattara||7th Aug. 1960||Franc||France|
|15||Djibouti||Djibouti||Omar Guelleh||25th June 1972||Franc||France|
|16||Egypt||Cairo||Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi||28th Feb. 1922||Pound||UK|
|17||Equatorial Guinea||Malabo||Teodoro Obiang||12th June 1968||Ekpwate||Spain|
|18||Eritrea||Asmara||Issaias Afeweriki||24th May 1993||Naife||Italy|
|19||Ethiopia||Addis Ababa||Sahle-Work Zewde||2000 Years ago||Birr||No Body|
|20||Gabon||Libreville||Ali Bongo||17th Aug. 1960||Franc||France|
|21||Gambia||Bangui||Yahya Jammeh||18th Feb. 1965||Dalais||UK|
|22||Ghana||Accra||Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo||6th March 1957||Cedi||UK|
|23||Guinea||Conakry||Alpha Conde||2nd Oct. 1961||Ekpwale||France|
|24||Guinea Bissau||Bissau||Manuel Serifo Nihamadjo||2nd Oct. 1974||Paso||Portugal|
|25||Kenya||Nairobi||Uhuru Kenyatta||12th Dec. 1963||Shilling||UK|
|26||Lesotho||Maseru||King Letsie III||4th Oct. 1966||Luti||UK|
|27||Liberia||Monrovia||George Weah||26th July 1847||Dollar||USA|
|28||Libya||Tripoli||Mustafa Abdul Jalil||1st Jan. 1952||Dirham||Italy|
|29||Madagascar||Antananarivo||Andry Rajoelina||26th June 1960||Franc||France|
|30||Malawi||Lilongwe||Peter Mutharika||6th July 1964||Kwacha||UK|
|31||Mali||Bamako||Dioncounda Traore||22nd Sept. 1960||Franc||France|
|32||Mauritania||Nouakchott||Mohammed Ould Abdelaziz||28th Nov. 1968||Eugulya||UK|
|33||Mauritius||Port Louis||Rajkeswar Purryag||28th Nov. 1968||F/Rupee||France|
|34||Morocco||Rabat||King Mohammed VI||18th Nov. 1956||Dirhan||France|
|35||Mozambique||Maputo||Armando Guebuza||25th June 1975||Rupee||Portugal|
|36||Namibia||Windhoek||Hifikepunye Pohamba||21st Mar. 1990||Dollar||Germany|
|37||Niger||Niamey||Muhammadu Isufou||3rd Aug. 1958||Franc||France|
|38||Nigeria||Abuja||Muhammadu Buhari||1st Oct. 1960||Naira||UK|
|39||Rwanda||Kigali||Paul Kagame||1st July 1962||Franc||France|
|40||Senegal||Dakar||Macky Sall||20th Aug. 1960||Franc||France|
|41||Sao tome/Pricipe||Sao Tome||Emmanuel Pinto Da Costa||28th June 1975||Dobre||Portugal|
|42||Seychelles||Victoria||James Michael||28th June 1976||Dirham||Spain|
|43||Swaziland||Mababane||King Mswati III||6th Aug. 1958||Litaangen||UK|
|44||Somalia||Mogadish||Hussan Sheikh Mohamud||26h June 1960||Shilling||UK|
|45||Sudan||Khartoun||Omar Bashir||18th Jan. 1956||Franc||France|
|46||Sierra Leone||Freetown||Ernest Bai Koroma||27th April 1994||Leone||UK|
|47||Togo||Lome||Faure Gnassigbe||13th Aug. 1960||Franc||France|
|48||Tunisia||Tunis||Beji Caid Essebsi||20th Mar. 1956||Diner||France|
|49||Tanzania||Dar El Salaam||Jakaya Kikwete||27th April 1964||Shilling||UK|
|50||Uganda||Kampala||Yoweri Museveni||9th Oct. 1962||Shilling||UK|
|51||Zambia||Lusaka||Edgar Lungu||24th Oct. 1964||Kwacha||UK|
|52||South Africa||Pretoria||Cyril Ramaphosa||31st May 1910||Rand||Sovereign|
|53||Zimbabwe||Harare||Emmerson Mnangagwa||18th April 1980||Pond||UK|
|54||South Sudan||Juba||Salva Kiir||9th July 2011||Pond||Sudan|