A Sociolinguistics Study of Reading Difficulties Among National and Higher National Diploma Students of Kaduna Polytechnic
This study sets out to assess the reading difficulties among students of kaduna Polytechnic which is used as a case study. It focuses on National and Higher National Diploma Students. The importance of reading, especially in the learning process, needs no emphasis as it is an indispensable tool for any effective learning. Three factors are used to carry out (his study – the background knowledge of the students, the reading text and the reader’s intent. The study identifies the Students reading difficulties, examines their causative factors and also proposes how the difficulties would be removed. For the realization of these objectives, four main instruments were used for data collection. The background questionnaire was made of 22 questions – both close and open- ended designed to gather sociolinguistic information on the target population. The teachers’ questionnaire was aimed at detecting further where the difficulties were and their remedies. The close and vocabulary tests were designed to identify the degree of the students’ difficulties. The data were analysed in percentages and represented in questions and tables. Our findings reveal that the students have a lot of reading problems. More fundamentally, this study finds out that as a result of the students’ difficulties, interest for reading is totally lacking. The study concludes that the existence of the numerous difficulties constitutes a serious obstacle to the students’ learning and is responsible, if not wholly, at least in part, for the continuing downward slide in the standard of education. Suggestions are, therefore, made with regard to how students’ reading difficulties could possibly be redressed.