ANALYSIS OF FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR LOW PRODUCTIVITY ON THE NIGERIAN WORKERS
Branch (1975;12) was of the view that productivity means the continuing improvement of the firm management performance in the use of resources and though the operations it is conducted. However the purpose of this work highlights those factors responsible for low productivity among Nigerian workers. The research tends to focus on those means that will be applied to get workers committed to tier work using effective national tool to enhance and increase productivity level of the public organization “power holding company of Nigeria” as the study. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources, the analysis of the research brought out a population size used to determine the basis for the information gathered and analyzed. The use of percentage help to further the test of the data analyzed. The findings of the research observed by the help of questionnaires and interviews embarked upon as the factors responsible for the low productivity of Nigerian workers.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The issue of low productivity of Nigeria workers has in recent years been a matter of great concern to the nation. The rate at which productivity grows is influenced by two things: –
(i) The rate of society’s demand and the rate of inflation.
Increased productivity is very vital for the health of the country because it will help to improve the conditions of the environment, enhance security and improve the standard and quality of life of the citizens. This is why David Ricardo in his study of population said that food needs to grow at a geometrical rate in order to meet the demand of the growing population. This emphasizes the need for increased productivity.
YusufT.M. (1962:50) was of the view that productivity can be defined as the ratio between output and all the resources used in production i.e. capital, labour, raw materials etc. the most efficient use of all available resources. With these definitions; One may ask why is the Nigeria worker inherently characterized by low-productivity in spite of all government’s efforts to improve the economy and the ever increasing need for improved productivity? The answer to this disturbing question is vital and will be answered and discussed in this study.
Increasing productivity is a way of increasing the ability of people to do what they want, to do as well as achieving a higher standard of living for all suffering from low income and in boosting the prosperity of the overall Nigeria economy.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Research has been carried out in Nigeria; regrettably not much has been done in the way of solving the problem facing the Nigeria workers. This has been detrimental to the increase of productivity which will contribute to the development of nation like Nigeria. In order to increase productivity among the workers in Nigeria with the help of PHCN as a guide the following bottle neck were observed. The fear of Job security among workers. The workers should be assumed of their jobs.
The motivational tool and incentives were not properly provided to the workers that will make them to put in their best. The job evaluation system has been carried out in an unfair manner Lack of programmes provision for developing staff made many junior staff undertake personal training at the detriment of the employers.
1.3 THE OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objective or purpose of the stud is to discover the Following:
1. To closely look at those factors responsible for low productivities.
2. To review the current operating standard that will be of great help in the task of increasing productivity.
3. To verify what should be done to increase the overall interest of the workers to enhance productivity.
4. To find out the ways to ensure commitment to work in order to increase productivity.
5. To investigate how effective the motivational method already applied has promoted productivity.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
To carry out the research effectively, a number of related Questions covering the productivity of workers in PHCN have been raised. The following questions were used to acquire the necessary information on the study.
- What factors were responsible for the low productivity of the workers?
- What will encourage a worker to work diligently and put in his best at work?
- What types of work environment will help to facilitates a worker in carrying his duties.
- Does management style of leadership affects workers productivity level?
- What additional incentives will the management apply to increase productivity?
The research gave much consideration to the problems associated with low productivity among workers in the public and private organization where productivity level can be measured. The study intends to cover a public sector which is National Electricity power Authority.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The result of research will help to address those problems that militate against low productivity of workers in the public and private sector of the economy. The research also will provide management the needed background in theory and practice for the implementation of the policies as well as coordinating, organising and controlling of the affairs of the public sector. He will also help the PHCN management in dealing with the productivities) problems.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The research work is limited by the amount of the materials such as text. Therefore, going into detail will involve getting data from all of them and this will not be an easy job considering the limitation resource (i.e money, effort and time) available. Other limitation apart from the general problem include financial aspects.
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
this chapter involves a review of some related literary materials. This chapter also takes into consideration the following Theoretical framework for the study, Historical background of the study, review of related literature.
2.1 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE STUDY
For some times now, the constant worrying problems that has confronted management in both private and public sector organization has been on how to improve productivity. In other words, management has given their individual thought and fought to eradicate the problem of low productivities. It has also been discovered that different managers have applied various approaches to solve the problem because of their individual orientation and differences.