ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN BREWERY INDUSTRY: A CASE STUDY OF CONSOLIDATED BREWERIES

Improper industrial and municipal waste management can lead to many forms of contamination, such as groundwater contamination, air quality deterioration, and greenhouse gas emissions (e.g., methane gas emissions from anaerobic decomposition). [3] Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes conventional wastes and hazardous waste. Currently, industrial activities are the main sources of world’s hazardous waste production. [4]

Hazardous wastes as defined are wastes (solid, liquid or sludge) other than radioactive waste which, is defined by of their chemical activity or toxic, explosive, corrosive, or other characteristics that has potential risks for human health and environment. [5] Hazardous wastes, the main defect of the industrialized world, showed their importance because of their potential hazard to human health and environment when improperly identified and managed. [6] Discovering hundreds of barrels of toxic waste in a park in Istanbul, Turkey [7] or fire in the warehouse containing chemical waste at the factory in basal Switzerland in 1986 [8] can be mentioned as examples for the hazard of these wastes. Similar incident was happened in Iran, for example, explosion of the tank contains oil and complete destruction of installations and the deaths of at least five people in 2005. [8] Now-a-days, efficient management of large amounts generated waste with different composition poses a major challenge for the industries. [9] The main elements of comprehensive waste management are production, storage, collection, transportation, processing, disposal, and treatment. [10] Industrial Waste Management history returns to approval of Resource Conservation Recovery Act in United States in 1976. [11],[12] The first laws and regulations pertaining to hazardous waste management have been implemented in member countries of the Common Market in 1980, Europe. [13] Now-a-days, laws and regulations for the control and safe disposal of industrial waste are implemented in many industrialized countries. In developed countries such as the United States of America, England, France, Germany, Japan, and The Netherlands have been provided a detailed list of databases, processes, industrial waste, or hazardous waste. However, Industrial wastes in many developing countries are still transporting with common household waste and posing many health risks to workers, public, and environment [14] .Compilation detailed database of status and industrial waste quality is inevitable in order to establish a national industrial wastes control system. [5]

With the support of relevant organizations such as Ministry of Industry, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Department of Health, existing database state for Nigeria industrial waste management, should be developed and regularly updated.

1.2 Problem Statement

As a result of the rapid industrial development at the global level, environment was subjected to hazard and crises in the past decade. Pressures arising crisis in industrialized countries led to establish of more rigid regulation and environmental standards enforcement, unfortunately, this practice, in most developing countries, have not in the actual status yet. [1],[2] As a part of industrial activities, industrial wastes have been problematic, however, comprehensive management is considered in order to minimize their risks.

1.3 Objectives of the study

The major objective of the study is analysis of industrial waste management practices in consolidated breweries.

1.4 Research questions

(1) what are industrial waste?

(2) what is industrial waste management?

(3) what are industrial waste management practices in consolidated breweries?

1.5 Significance of the Study

In Nigeria, there is no comprehensive study concerning about identification and management of industrial wastes. The results of studies shown that in most cases, wastes management is improper in industrial towns, and there is no detailed information about quantity and quality of industrial waste . This study will serve as a pilot study for analysis of industrial waste management practices in consolidated breweries.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The research focuses on analysis of industrial waste management practices of consolidated breweries.

References

1. el-Fadel M, Zeinati M, el-Jisr K, Jamali D. Industrial-waste management in developing countries: The case of Lebanon. J  Environ Manage 2001; 61:281-300.

2. Casares  ML,  Ulierte  N,  Matarán  A,  Ramos  A,  Zamorano  M.  Solid industrial wastes and their management in Asegra (Granada, Spain). Waste Manag 2005;25:1075-82.

3. Usapein P, Chavalparit O. Options for sustainable industrial waste management toward zero landfill waste in a high-density polyethylene (HDPE) factory in Thailand. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 2014; 16:373-83.

4. Al-Qaydi S. Industrial  solid waste disposal in Dubai, UAE: A study in economic geography. Cities 2006;23:140-8. Lagrega DM, Buckinghham LP, Evans CJ. Hazardous Waste Management.  United State: McGraw-Hill Science Engineering;  2001. p. 30-45. 5. 5. Duan H, Huang Q, Wang  Q, Zhou  B, Li  J. Hazardous  waste  generation and management in China: A review. J Hazard Mater 2008;158:221-7. Salihoglu G. Industrial hazardous waste management in Turkey:  Current state of the field  and primary  challenges. (Accepted  Manuscript) J  Hazard Mater 2009;177:42-56.

6. Mohammad  Fam  I.  Mergered  model  designing  of  health,  safety, environment and agronomy system by using information technology [dissertation]. Tehran: Islamic Azad University; 2006-2007.

7. Geng Y, Zhu Q, Haight M. Planning for integrated solid waste management at the industrial park  level: A  case of  Tianjin,  China.  Waste Manag 2007;27:141-50. 10.  8. Mrayyan B, Hamdi MR. Management approaches to integrated  solid waste in industrialized zones in Jordan: A case of Zarqa City. Waste Manag 2006;26:195-205. •University of Medical Sciences.

9. Geng Y, Zhu Q, Haight M. Planning for integrated solid waste management at the industrial park  level: A  case of  Tianjin,  China.  Waste Manag 2007;27:141-50.

10. Mrayyan B, Hamdi MR. Management approaches to integrated  solid waste in industrialized zones in Jordan: A case of Zarqa City. Waste Manag 2006;26:195-205.

11. The website of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality [online]. Available from: http://www.tceq.texas.gov/assistance/waste/waste-matrix/matrixrcra.html [Last accessed on 2014 June 26].

12. Summary of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act [online]. Available from: http://www.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summaryresource-conservation-and-recovery act [Last accessed on 2014 June 18].

13. Nori J, Binavapour  M, Nabizade R, Nadafi  K, Farzadkia  M, Omidi  S, kolivand A. Quantitative and qualitative investigation of industrial solid  waste  in  industrial  plants  (case  study  Boali  industrial  plant).  10th National Congress on Environmental Health, Kerman; 2008. p. 110-20 [in Persian].

14. Mato RR, Kaseva ME. Critical review of industrial and medical waste practices in Dar Es Salaam City. Resour Conserv Recycling 1999; 25:271-87.