COMPILATION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY ON POULTRY IN NIGERIA 2010-2015 – LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface / Acknowledgement
Abbreviations and meanings
Table of contents
Poultry farms are farms that raise chickens, duck, turkeys and other birds for meat or egg production. In the must, poultry farming involved raising chickens in the back yard for daily egg production and family consumption. However, poultry farming today is a huge business that is split into several operations including hatcheries, pullet farms for meat product, or farms for egg producton. This paper will focus on poultry farms raising chickens.
Chickens originated from jngle fowl I South Easten Asia around 3200Bc (Dr. faran personal communicsation 2009) chickens were domesticated and spread to China, India Africa, pacific Island and Europe. They were primarily raise for human consumption. In addition, their feathers were used for making cushions, litter for fertilizer and in some societies chickens were used in lock fighting as a source of entertainment.
As the human population increase, the poultry industries continue ot grow to meet the demand for poultry products in world markets. The importance of poultry farms lies in the quality of product that are provided to humans. Broiler farms provides meat that supplies the human body with high quality proteins, layer farms provide egg rich in proteins and vitamins, especially the fat soluble vitamin (A.D.E and K) poultry farms are fast-paced operations that can expanded easily ot meet the ever-growign demand (Dr. M. Ferran, personal communication 2009).
Chickens are fast growing animals. In the past, it took about 4 months to produce a two kilogram chicken. However a two-kilogram chicken can be produce in 42 days (Dr. M. Ferran, personal communication 2009). Due to this fact, a better understanding of husbanding practices, and use of new technologies, poultry farms can be profitable enterprise. Each operations in he poultry business has become a huge business by itself. Some farms specialize in producing eggs for market consumption, or for hatching chicks for the purpose of meat production. Other business are focused on feed preparation or on using the wastes of poultry farms for compost production and fertilizing farm lands. If managed and marketed well, all segments of the poultry business can be profitable.
This study will examine the feasibility of broiler producing farms in Lebanon. A rental for will be used as a representative case study for other poultry producers. Sensitivity analysis will use to determine potential profitability when input cost and point of sale values are varied.
Agale, Samuel-2012. Low soil fertility status and rapid nutrient depletions Thesis. 8 Nov; p.50
Ebong, G.A. 2015. Antioxidant and antitussive properties by poultry farmers: journal. 19 Mar; p. 46
Ibrahim, Muhammed. 2013. Yield and economic return of sesame: Thesis 15 May, p. 44.
Jiang, zhiben. 2014. Wild birds and poultry: Thesis. 21 aug; p. 32.
Vide, Adebayo 2012. Utilization and management of poultry waste: 15 May, p. 44.
Jiang, zhiben. 2014. Wild birds and poultry: Thesis. 21 aug; p. 32.
Vide, Adebayo 2012. Utilization and management of poultry waste: Thesis. 4 July, p.100.
Vijayakumari, B. 2010. fresh, composted and poultry droppings: Journal. 11 Jan; p. 36
Sudarshan, Dutta. 2012. Agricultural management practices: Journal. 3 June, p.558-569.
Yakubu, Abdul Mojid.2011. pre and post-slaughter traits of broiler chickens: book 4 Nov; p. 114-120.
Oyelola, B. 2011. Broiler chick diet: Book. 6 April, P. 4 Wakawa, A.M. 2012. Vaccination of chickens: Thesis 25 Aug; p. 37-40
Neba, chee.2013. pathogenic Avian influenza: Journal. 22 feb., p. 4-12.
Nweke, C.U. 2010. Moulds growing in commercial poultry feed: Book. 20 Nov., p. 4-19.
ABSTRACT ENTRIES 01
MICROBIOLOGICLA QUALITY OF COMMERCIALLY AVAIALBLE POULTRY FEEDS SOLD IN FARMS OF EASTERN NIGERIA
UNIVERSITY OF PORTHARCOURT.
Food poisoning and infection by bacterial and fungal general pose obvious health threat to both animals and humans. Ptizer, Guinea, Extra, top, Nom and master brands of feed sold in Owerri metropolis were analysed for their bacterials and fungal quality. The genera of bacteria and fungi isolated and their percentage occurrence were listeria Spp (10.4%), staphylococcus Spp. (5%), bacillus Spp (27.1%), pseudomonas spp (12.5%), Escherichia lolo (29.2%) and salmonella spp (25%), Aspergillus spp (56.3%), fusarium spp (58.3%) penicillium SPP, (62.5%) and Rhizopus Spp (89.6%). The mean bacterial and fungal counts vary with samples while statiscal analysis for the goodness of fit revealed no significant difference between the observed and expected valve at 1.0% level.
ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTITUSSIVE PROPERTIES OF GONGRONEMA LATIFOLIUM LEAVES USED LOCSALLY FOR THE TREATMENT OF FOWL COUGH IN NIGERIA
UNIVERSITY OF PORTHARCOURT.
The antioxidant and antitussive properties of gongroneme latifolim used locally by Nigeria poultry farmers for the treatment of fowl cough was investigated. The phytochemical results revealed the presence of saponins (0.69mg/100g), tannis (0.0416mg/100g), alkanoids, (0.046mg/100g) and flavonoids (0.016mg / 100g). triterpenes and cardiac glycosides were also present in detectable concentrations. In vivo studies on the efficacy of the plant leaves in treatment against fowl cough in Hubbard broiler gave positive results. The leaf extract significantly reduced the mortality rate of the broilers by 25% within 3 weeks of treatment and by 40% in 6 weeks of administration, when the broiler were 13 weeks old. The reduction in mortality coincided with reduction in the microbial loads in the trachea of the sick 7-week old broilers. The number of aerobic bacteria was reduced form 36 x 102cfu/mi to 8×102 cfu/mI of viscera suspension within 3 weeks of administration. Also he number of pleurar pneumonia like organisms (PPLO) was reduced form to 12 x 102 cfu/mI to 4 x 102cfu/mI of viscera suspension within 2 weeks, and totally eliminated withing 3 weeks of treatment. The in vivo antibacterial potency of the plant extract may be ascribed to the presence of antioxidative compound like saponins, alkaloids, tannins, triterperies and cardiac glycosides in plant leaves.
ORGANIC AMENDMENT OF AN ULTISOL: EFFECTS ON SOIL PROPERTIES, GROWTH, AND YIELD OF MAIZE IN SOUTHERN GUINEA SAVANNA ZONE OF NIGERIA
UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN
The Southern Guinea savanna zone of Nigeria is characterized by inherently low soil fertility status and rapid nutrient depletion especially soil organize mater. However, this zone is characterized by abundant agricultural land and is a potential for crop production. Field experiment were conducted in order to evaluate the effect of integrated use of agricultural waste material and compound mineral fertilizer on soil and plant nutrient status, growth and yields of maize in utisoo in the Southern Guinea savanna zone of Nigeria. Result applications of organic waste alone and in combination with mineral fertilizer enhance root and shoot biomass, leaf area development, and yield and components of maize. Treatment effects were significant on growth characteristics of maize (stem girth, leaf area, plant height and days to 50% tasseling, root and shoot biomass). Sole application of NPK fertilizer (400kg/ha) was not significant over the combined use of poultry manure and NPK on gilt, leaf area, and plant height. Mean values of stem girth, leaf area and plant height ranged between 2.05 and 3.8cm, 0.26 and 0.54m2, and 84.7 and 209.4cm, respectively. Root and shoot dry weights were highest under sole NPK on stem applied. Integrated use of agricultural wastes and NPK also enhanced root and root dry weights compared with sole application of wastes as well as seed weight per plant, 100-seed weight, and number fo seeds per cob and grain yield characteristics of maize. This treatment increased the seed weight per plant, number of seed per cob, 100-seed weight and seed yield by 55.6% and 55.4%, respectively over chromolaena and neem seed cake C.
SEED YIELD AND ECONOMIC RETURNS OF SESAME (SESAMUM INDICUM L.) AS INFLUENCES BY POULTRY MANURE, NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZATION AT SEMARA, NIGERIA
HARUNA, IBRAHIM MUHAMMED
UNIVERSIDAD DE ORIENTE PRESS
Field trials were conducted during the rainy seasons of 2005, 2006 and 2007 at the research farm of institute for agricultural research, Samaru, Nigeria (110 11’N,07 038’E, and 686m above sea level) to study yield and economic return of sesame CV. Ex-sudan as influenced by poultry manure, nitrogen, and phosphorus application. The experiment consisted of four rates of poultry manure )0, 5.0, 10.0 and 15.0t ha-1), three levels of nitrogen in the form of urea (0, 60 and 120kg Nha-1) and three levels of phosphorous in the form of single super phosphate (0, 13, z and 26.4kg p ha-1) applied to the treatments. The thirty six treatment combination were laid out in a split-plot design with three replications. The factorial combinations of N and P were assigned to the main plot while poultry manure was assigned to the sub-plots. Yield of sesame and economic returns were better at 5tha-1, 60kg N Ha-1 and 13.2kg p ha-1 of poultry manure, nitrogen and phosphorus application rates respectively. Applications of St. poultry manure ha-1, 60kg nitrogen ha-1 and 13.2 of phosphorus ha-1 seems to be the ideal rates for sesame production at samaru, Nigeria and is therefore recommended.
INFLUENCE OF FRESH, COMPOSTED AND VERMI COMPOSTED PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS AND POULTRY DROPPINGS ON PARAMETERS OF RADISH
UNIVERSITY OF PORTHARCOURT
A pot culture experiment was carried out to assess the influence of fresh, composted and vermi composted parthenium and poultry dropping on the quality parameters of radish like protein, carbohydrates, phenolics, reducing sugar, total soluble sugar and chlorophylls on 45 and 60 DAS (Days after sowing). The maximum protein content of radish was in T6 on 45 DAS. T2 and Ti had highest carbohydrates content on 45 and 60 DAS respectively. The reducing sugar was more in TII. Increased phenol content was found in T14 on 45 DAS and Ti on 60 DAS. Total soluble sugar was more in T13 on 45 DAS and T4 on 60 DAS. The total chlorophylls was increased in TI on 45 and T13 on 60 DAS. ChlorophyLL “b” was more in t13 on 60 DAS. (a) JASEM
ASSESSMENT OF PROTEIN QUALITY OF PROCESSED MELON SEED AS A COMPONENT OF POULTRY BEEF
OLOYEDE, OYELOLA B.
NIGERIAN SOCIETY FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY
Ninety six-day-old broiler chicks were used in a 4-weeks feeding trial to determine the protein quality of processed melon seed as a component of broiler chick diet. The protein quality was assessed using blood associated parameters including Haemoglobin indices and selected serum enzymes. The processed melon seed meals were raw melon seed meal (RMM), fermented melon seed meal (FMM) and fermented cooked melon seed meal (FCMM). The three test ingredient (RMM, FMM and FCMM) were included as the sole source of protein in a basal broiler chick starter diet. The soya been seed meal (SBM) based commercial broiler chick starter diet served as the control. Blood associated parameters like Haemoglobin (Hb), PCV, RBC, WBC, Total protein, creatinine uric acid, GPT, GOT and ALP were used to assess the protein quality of the diets fed. There were four (4) experimental groups, each made up of eight birds in three replicates, allocated to the experimental diet SBM (control), RMM, FMM and FCMM respectively of all the groups of broiler chicks, those placed on the FCMM diet gave blood associated parameters that were similar in valve to those of the broiler chicks placed on the control (SBM) diet: while valved obtained for broiler chicks placed on the other diets RMM and PMM were quite low. The results indicated that the processing of melon seeds by cooking and fermentation made the protein in melon seed more available to the broiler chicks, and also removed some or all of the anti nutritional factors in raw melon seed. It is therefore concluded that he simultaneous processing of melon seed using cooking and fermentation techniques before it’s inclusion in broiler chick starter diets, enhances the protein quality and status of melon seed as a component of broiler starter diet.
IMPACT OF AVIAN INFLUENZA ON VILLAGE POULTRY PRODUCTION GLOBALLY
FACULTY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA
Village poultry and their owner were frequently implicated in disease transmission in the early days of the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPA1) H5NI pandemic. With improved understanding of the epidemiology of the disease, it was recognized that village poultry raised under extensive conditions pose less of a threat than intensively raised poultry of homogenous genetic stock with poor biosecurity. This paper provides an overview of village poultry production and the multiple ways that the HPAI H5NI linked to these birds. It reviews impact in terms of gender and cultural issues; food securities village pouting value chains; approaches to biosecurity; marketing; poultry disease prevention and control; compensation; genetic diversity; poultry as part of livelihood strategies; and effective communication. It concludes on a positive note that there is growing awareness amongst animal health providers of the importance of facilitating culturally sensitive dialogue to develop HPAI prevention and control options.
DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON AND ESTROGEN TRANSPORT IN SURFACE RUNOFF FROM AGRICULTURAL LAND RECEIVING POULTRY LITTER
DEPARTMENT OF PLANT AND SOIL SCIENCE, UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE NEWARK, DELAWARE
Dutta, sudarshan, shreeram inamdar, Jerry TSO, Diana S. Age, and J.Tom sims, 2012 Dissolved organic carbon and Estrogen transport in surface runoff from agricultural land receiving poultry litter. Journal of the American Water Resource Association (JAWRA) 48 (3): 558-569. D01:10.111/J.1752-1688.2011.00634.X. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) provides a reactive substrate for the transport of organic contaminants with runoff. Very few studies have investigated the export of Doc form agricultural land, especially those receiving manure applications, we investigated export of DOC in surface runoff from agricultural fields receiving various treatment of poultry litter (raw vs. palletized). In addition, we also investigated how estrogens in runoff were associated with ODC. Different forms of estrogens studies were; estrone 17B-estradiol, estriol, and their in long and had 5xm conjugates. Experimental agricultural plots were 12 reduce tillage and no – till management practices. The aromatic content of DOC was characterized using specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA). Flow weighted concentrations of DOC and SUVA in surface runoff form plots compared to pelletized poultry litter, reduced-tillage plots with raw litter yielded higher DOC concentration and SUVA values. No significant differences (p >0.10) in DOC and SUVA were observed between litter treatments for plots with no till. Total estrogen concentrations (including all forms) were positively and significantly (PO.10) correlated with DOC< / these results can help select and guide agricultural management practices that can reduce the exports of DOC and associated contaminant form agricultural land receiving manure applications.
CIRCULATION OF THE PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA SUBTYPE H5N2 VIRUS IN DUCKS AT A LIVE BIRTH MARKET IN IBADAN, NIGERIA
VIROLOGY DEPARTMENT, COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN, IBADAN, NIGERIA
To monitor carrier hosts avian influenza in Nigeria, we randomly collected cloaca swb specimens from 155 ducks at a live birth market (LBM) in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria, between July 2011 and July 2012. methods the samples were analyzed by real time reverse transcription polymerase cham reaction (RT-PCR 0) and virus isolation was carried out in embryonated chicken eggs. Partial sequencing of the antigenic cleavage sites of the hemagglutinin (HA) gene was performed, multiple sequence alignment was carried out using clustal W.l, and a phylogenetic tree was constructed using the neighbor joining method. results twenty (13%) of the 155 samples were positive for avian influenza subtype H5N2 by real-time RT-PCR and three isolates were obtained from embryonated chicken eggs. Partial sequencing of the amino acid cleavage site of the HA genes of two isolates corresponded to a PQR ETGL x F sequence that is common in low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI). Phylogenetically, the HA genes of the two influenza viruses are monophyletic and clustered with H5N2 viruses detected in wild clucks from Africa. Conclusion the occurrence of LPAI in domestic clucks in Nigeria underscores the importance of continuous surveillance and monitoring of the virus (in a country that is considered to be free of Avian influenza in order to prevent the emergence of virulent streams that may spread to commercial poultry and humans.
UTILIZATION OF POULTRY, COW AND KITCHEN WASTES FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
IRANIAN ASSOCIATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
The amount of solid waste generated in developing countries such as Nigeria has steadily increased over the last tow decades as a result of population explosions and continuous growth of industries and agricultural practices. In agriculture, particularly cattle rearing, large quantities of cow wastes are generated, which could be used as biogas inputs to compliment the fuel usage alternative. In addition, a large number of families generated heavy waste in the kitchen on a daily basis, which could be converted to economic benefits. In this work, a comparative study of biogas production from poultry droppings, cattle dung and kitchen wastes was conducted under the same operating conditions. 3kg of each waste was mixed with 9L of water and loaded into the three waste reactors. Biogas production was measured for a period of 40 days and at an average temperature of 30.5%c. Biogas production started on the 7th day and attained maximum value on the 14th days for reactor I. production reached it’s peak on the 14th day with 85×10-3 clm3 of gas produced in reactor 2. for reactor 3, biogas production started the 8th day and production reached a peak value on the 14th day. The average biogas production form poultry droppings, cow, dung and kitchen waste was 0.0318clm3 / day, 0.0230clm3/ day respectively. It is concluded that the wastes can be managed through conversion into biogas, which is a source of income generations for the society.
Name Serial Number
CLEMENT, MESEKO 9
ESSIEN, J.P. 2
HARUNA, IBRAHIM MUHAMMED 4
OGUNDARE, KAYOED 3
OJOLO, S.J. 10
OLOYEDE, OYELOLA B. 6
ROBYN, ALDERS 7
BUDARSHAN, DUTTA 8
UWAEZUOKE, J.C. 1
VIJAYAKUMARI, B. 5
2011: 2, 3
2012: 1, 4
2013: 5, 6
2014: 8, 9
This compilation of abstract is gotten from Book and journal: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.
Antioxidant and Antitussive properties 2
Organic Amendmen 3
Seed yield 4
Influence of fresh and vermicomposted parthenuim 5
Assessment of protein quality 6
Impact of Avian influenza 7
Dissolved organic carbon 8
Circulation of he parthogenic Avian influenza 9
Utilization of poultry, low and kitchen wastes. 10