Design and Implementation of COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Contact Tracking System for Infected Patients

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Design and Implementation of COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Contact Tracking System for Infected Patients

TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION 2
CERTIFICATION 3
DEDICATION 4
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 5
TABLE OF CONTENTS 6
LIST OF TABLES 8
TABLE OF FIGURES 9
ABSTRACT 10

CHAPTER ONE 11

INTRODUCTION 11
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 11
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 12
1.3 MOTIVATION OF THE STUDY 12
1.4 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 13
1.5 OUTLINE OF METHODOLOGY 13
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 13
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 13
1.8 ORGANISATION OF THE PROJECT 14

CHAPTER TWO 15

REVIEW OF LITERATURE 15
2.1 HISTORY OF DISEASE TRACKING SYSTEMS 15

CHAPTER THREE 26

METHODOLOGY 26
3.1.1 FACTS FINDING 26
3.1.2 ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM(S) 26
3.2.1 SYSTEM DESIGN 27
3.2.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE DESIGN OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM 27
3.2.3 FACTORS CONSIDERED IN THE DESIGN OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM 27
3.3 ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM 27
3.4 DATABASE DESIGN OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM 28
3.5 DATABASE SPECIFICATION 29
3.6 FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS 29
3.6.1 USER END 29
3.6.2 ADMIN END 29
3.7.1 MODELLING THE PROPOSED SYSTEM 30
3.7.2 USE CASE DIAGRAM 31
3.7.4 CHOICE OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE 32

CHAPTER FOUR 33

IMPLEMENTATION AND RESULTS 33
4.2 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE SELECTION 33
4.3 REQUIREMENT DEFINITION 33
4.4 HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS 34
4.5 COMMUNICATION INTERFACES 35
4.6 SYSTEM MAINTENANCE 35
4.8 APPLICATION INTERFACE 36

CHAPTER FIVE 38

SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION 38
5.1 SUMMARY 38
5.2 CONCLUSION 38
5.3 RECOMMENDATION 38
REFERENCES 39
APPENDICES 41

LIST OF TABLES
Table 3.1: User Table 29
Table 4.1 Minimum Hardware Requirements 35
Table 4.2 Minimum Software Requirements 35
Table 4.3 Development Tools 36

TABLE OF FIGURES
Fig 1.1 The typical contact tracing process 13
Fig. 3.1 The Typical architecture of a disease tracking system 29
Fig 3.2 use case diagram of a typical tracking software 32
Fig. 4.1 Home page of the system showing the at-a-glance view of the cases 37
Fig. 4.2 Login page of the state officials 38
Fig. 4.3 Form obtaining data of the cases 38

ABSTRACT

A disease tracking system is basically a practice in the field of epidemiology which involves monitoring of a disease, especially an epidemic in order to establish patterns of progression. For this study we are going to be considering the most recent epidemic of the 21st century; the COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease) pandemic.

The primary and key role of this disease tracking system is to predict, observe and minimize the harm caused by the outbreak, epidemic and pandemic situation. It also plays the role of increasing knowledge about relevant factors which contribute to those circumstances. It is made particularly successful critically by the practice of disease case reporting.

Reporting of disease outbreak incidents can be done by gathering cases from hospitals which could then now be collated and made public. This is a way to quickly contain hot spots for the particular disease we are tracking.
Most times, there is a mandatory reporting policy in order to get quick, direct and accurate information so as to find solutions quickly to the problems identified through those information.

Presently for the COVID-19 pandemic, the World health Organisation is the lead agency for the coordination of global responses to the pandemic. It has a number websites for specific diseases and has active teams in countries all over the world.

The study covers COVID-19 documentation and control at least in the Nigerian society and also internationally. It focuses particularly on the disease tracking system. We also examine challenges and techniques to address them. For this project we would examine on a smaller scale and test it before then broadening the scope.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

A disease tracking system is basically a practice in the field of epidemiology which involves monitoring of a disease, especially an epidemic in order to establish patterns of progression. For this study we are going to be considering the most recent epidemic of the 21st century; the COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease) pandemic.

The primary and key role of this disease tracking system is to predict, observe and minimize the harm caused by the outbreak, epidemic and pandemic situation. It also plays the role of increasing knowledge about relevant factors which contribute to those circumstances. It is made particularly successful critically by the practice of disease case reporting.

Reporting of disease outbreak incidents can be done by gathering cases from hospitals which could then now be collated and made public. This is a way to quickly contain hot spots for the particular disease we are tracking.

Most times, there is a mandatory reporting policy in order to get quick, direct and accurate information so as to find solutions quickly to the problems identified through those information.

Presently for the COVID 19 pandemic, the World health Organisation is the lead agency for the coordination of global responses to the pandemic. It has a number websites for specific diseases and has active teams in countries all over the world

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

We are trying to create an automated tracking system whereby certain states can submit and update their information of confirmed cases, recovered numbers and deaths.

Design and Implementation of (COVID-19) Coronavirus Contact Tracking System for Infected Patients
Fig 1.1 The typical contact tracing process

1.3 MOTIVATION OF THE STUDY

The study is motivated by the global pandemic and the urgent need to combat it in our immediate locality.

1.4 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The aims and objectives of this study include.

1. To create a database for government disease control agencies that have access to COVID cases whereby the authorized agencies can add and update their relevant numbers.

2. To create an information obtaining system which in this case, will be an at-a-glance view of the cases, recovered and deaths.

3. To improve upon the current means of data collection and record keeping of respective cases of each state.

1.5 OUTLINE OF METHODOLOGY

The implementation of this idea and project was done with the user of the server-side programming language PHP and the MySQL database querying language. This will also be hosted as a web application on an online domain.

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study covers COVID-19 documentation and control at least in the Nigerian society and internationally. It focuses particularly on the disease tracking system. We also examine challenges and techniques to address them. For this project we would examine on a smaller scale and test it before then broadening the scope.

1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study is very significant in studying, analyzing, and postulating more efficient and trustworthy ways of collecting data for disease prevention and control. It also helps the case for an e-record system to be used across sectors of the economy and society at large.

1.8 ORGANISATION OF THE PROJECT

The project is organized such that; Chapter One gives a brief introduction in form of the Background of the Study of disease tracking systems. In Chapter Two, we have a broad look at the related implementations of disease tracking systems. Chapter Three examines the System Architecture, the system design and analysis. Chapter Four presents the implementation of the project using necessary programming languages and development models. It also presents the result of testing carried out. Chapter Five rounds off the project work with the summary, conclusions, and recommendations for future works.

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