THE EFFECT OF DENOMINATIONAL PRACTICES ON THE GROWTH OF THE CHURCH
The study on the effect of denominational practices on the growth of the churches tries to find out if denominational practices have significant effect on church growth; the study also tries to identify the different denominations in Nigeria and their impact on churches; the study tries also to know whether denominational practices contribute to church growth. Primary data was used for the purpose of the study with a sample size of 60 respondents; the study concluded that denominational practices have significant effect on church growth. The study made of spearman correlation to analysis the hypothesis. The study therefore concluded that denominational practices have significant effect on church growth and proper recommendations were made to assist in decision making and for further studies.
1.1 Background of the Study
Christianity in Nigeria dates back to the 16th century when the Portuguese introduced Latin Christianity in Benin and Warri. Looking at Christianity from that early beginning to the present time, many stages of development had taken place resulting to the planting and growth of churches.
The period of denominationalism and missionary activities started from 1840 when missionary bodies set up in Europe and America in the 18th century succeeded in converting Nigerians to Christianity and opened permanent mission stations among the people. The period was just after the abolition of the slave trade; the abolition of slave trade stimulated a fresh religious enthusiasm among the Europeans and Americans. With the support of the missionary bodies, “The freed slaves in places like Sierra Leone and Abeokuta encouraged missionary enterprises. This was a period of denominationalism when many churches from the British Isles and America sent missionaries to the coast and interior of Nigeria. The Anglicans under the Church Missionary Society (CMS), were the first but the Niger Expedition in which they came in 1841 failed. However, the first successful penetration of Christian mission into the interior of Nigeria was made in 1842, when the Wesleyan Methodists on the invitation of the freed slaves who had settled at Badagry and Abeokuta, sent Rev. Thomas Birch Freeman and an assistant William de craft and his wife from the Gold Coast (Ghana) to Badagry and some months later Henry Townsend to Abeokuta.
In the more southern part of the country, on the Cross River in the old slave-trading town of Calabar, the Presbyterians sent Rev. Hope Masterton Wadded accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Edgerl A. Chisholm and E. Miller, who arrived in Calabar in April 1846, to establish the church of Scotland Mission. Their work was very successful because a Presbytery, the Presbytery of Biafra, was created in 1858. The American Baptist Mission began work in Nigeria in 1850. The Rev. Thomas J. Bowen, the Pioneer Missionary, established stations at Ijaiye and Ogbomoso. The Roman Catholicism, through the Society of the African Missions, came in 1862. The ex-slaves were organized and stations established in Lagos and Abeokuta. When the Italian Priest, Father Broghero, visited Lagos in 1863, there was a catholic church in Yorubaland. The Holy Ghost Fathers started work among the Igbo of Eastern Nigeria in 1885 through Father Joseph Lutz working at Onitsha. Samuel A. Bill started the Qua Iboe Mission in the Qua Iboe River area from 1887, though it was not until 1891 that the Qua Iboe church was established as an Independent evangelical and interdenominational body.
Mission work in Northern Nigerian started in 1893 through Rolland Bingham, Walter Gowans, and Thomas Kent in 1904, the Sudan United Mission (SUM) joined the Sudan Interior Mission (SIM) in the mission work in the North, concentrating in the regions of Adamawa, Benue and Bornu.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
It is to be noted that this period was characterized by missionaries activities being based on denominations and limited to the Southern part of the country. The missionaries who came were trained and really prepared, though many were swallowed up by the climate. The language barrier that had existed was reduced to the minimum by the use of interpreters and the missionaries themselves learning the language; Trained Nigerian Ministers started to emerge; churches and later schools and hospitals were erected. More importantly, baptism was administered to the converts as an indelible mark for the new faith they had embraced and the old ways they had forsaken.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The study sought to know the effect of denominational practices on the growth of the church.Specifically, the study sought to;
- Know whether denominational practices have significant effect on church growth.
- Identify the different denominations in Nigeria and their impact on churches.
- Know whether denominational practices contribute to church growth.
1.4 Research Questions
1. Does denominational practices have significant effect on church growth?
2. What are the different denominations in Nigeria and their impact on church growth?
3. How has denominational practice contributed to the growth of the church?
1.5 Research Hypotheses
- : Denominational practices have no significant effect on church growth.
- : Denominational practices have significant effect on church growth.
1.6 Significance of the Study
This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this topic and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their work.
1.7 Scope/Limitations of the Study
This study ison the effect of denominational practices on the growth of the church.
Limitations of study
- Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
- Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 Definition of Terms
Denomination:A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity. The term describes various Christian Denominations (for example, Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and the many varieties of Protestantism).
Church Growth: Is a movement within evangelical Christianity which aims to develop methods to grow churches based on business marketing strategies.
Adamolekun T. “Proliferation of churches and its impact on National Development in Nigeria” in J.O. Akinbi Towards A better Nigeria Ibadan: Ben Quality printers 1999 p.45
A.F.C. Ryder Benin and the Europeans 1845-1897. London: Longmans 1969 pp. 24-25
A.F.C. Ryder ‘The Benin Missions “in Journal of the Historical society of Nigeria vol. 2 No 2 December 1961 p. 231.
A.F.C. Ryder “Missionary Activities in the Kingdom of Warri to the early Nineteenth Century” in Journal of the Historical society of Nigeria Vol. II No 1 December 1960 p.3. See also Jacob Eghareuba A short History of Benin Ibadan: University Press 1968 pp. 42-50
A.O. Makozi and G.J.A. Ojo (ed) The History of the Catholic Church in Nigeria. Lagos: Macmillan Nigeria 1982 p.7.
J.F Ade Ajayi Christian Missions in Nigeria 1841-1891: The making of A New Elite. London: Longmans, 1965 pp. 1-24.
E.A. Ayandele The Missionary Impact on Modern Nigeria 1842-1914: a Political Analysis. Ibadan: Longmans 1966 p. 99.
M. Crowther The Story of Nigeria London: Faber and Faber 1978 p. 113-114.
A. Ajayi “The influence of the church on the Nigerian polity: An Appraisal” Being A 1998 Seminar Paper series of the School of Arts and Social Sciences, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo p.4.
O. Kalu Christianity in West Africa: The Nigerian story, Ibadan: Day star Press 1978 p. 337
Lagos weekly Record 4, 1893 V in Roberson Collections, Lagos News Paper Selections 1965-1909 (Ogbomoso Baptist Seminary).
J.A. Atanda Baptist Churcdes in Nigeria 1850-1950. Ibadan: University Press. 1988 pp. 5-26.
J.A. Adedoyin A Short History of the Nigerian Baptist 1850-1973. Ibadan: Nigeria Bookstore 1998 pp8-16.