FASTING BLOOD SUGAR ANALYSIS AND BLOOD SUGAR REGULATION

ABSTRACT

The investigation carried out of Emmanuel Hospital Eket in Eket Local Government Area Akwa Ibom State. Random sampling technique of 20 patient with equal ration to male and female.

These research to was conducted to determine or estimate the glucose or sugar level of the youth, and ageing adult, secular Question like what is the hormonal regulation and hearth risk of the  individual under. This ranger, time to check the glucose level relationship of high glucose level on age and comparing the mean value of male and female.

Blood sample was collected into an standard test tube Anti-coagulant was added to prevent the blood sample from clothing. The sample was spin in the centrifuge for smite for seperatun  the serum collected using automatic pipette-apply on the test area of Glucose strip. The strip was inserted vertically in to the Reflation plus machine the machine with high degree of accuracy, the Reflation plus machine allow the generation of sample to flaw into the test area know as the reaction zone. In order to know if in determining whether the mean sample drawn from the normal population delicate significantly from the Reflation plus machine value varies a student test method was adopted, it show an individual being diabetic or not depend on whether or not the blood sugar level is low, option or high condition mast the associated with such variation.

From the hypothesis drawn since the + cal value is greater than the tab, the null hypothesis is rejected. These implies that there is no significant difference between the glucose content of male and female.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Pages

Title        

Dedication

Certification        –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Acknowledgment        –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Abstract     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Research article –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Statement of the problem    –       –       –       –       –       –

Aim of the study         –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Research question      –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Limitation of the study         –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Definition of term/analyms   –       –       –       –       –       –

CHAPTER TWO

Background information      –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Blood sugar/importance       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Causes of blood sugar         –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

How sugar are processed in the body   –       –       –       –       –

Effect of blood sugar   –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Hypoglycemia and cause     –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Sign and symptom or adrenergic manifestation      –       –       –       –

Treatment and prevention   –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Hyperglycemia and causes –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Symptom/adrenergic manifestation       –       –       –       –       –       –

Treatment and prevention   –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Diabetes and types     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Remedial measures     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Literature review         –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

CHAPTER THREE

Material and method   –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Material used     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Sampling technique    –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Method adopted         –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Students test     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Chapter four

Result and discussion –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Result       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Discussion         –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Chapter five

Summary and recommendation    –       –       –       –       –       –

Summary   –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Recommendation        –       –       –       –       –       —      –       –       –       –

References        –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of human or animals.

The body naturally lightly regulate blood glucose level as a part of metabolic homeostatic (property of a system to regulate it internal environment and tends to maintain a stable, relatively constant condition such as temperature) glucose is the primary source of energy, for the body’s cell, and blood lipid. This is also primarily a compact energy store (there are exception: because carbohydrate tend to be used by human is continuously gluconeogenic. Glucose is transported from the infer shine or liver to body cell via the blood stream and is made available for cell absorption via the hormone insulin (a peptide hormone produce beta cell of the pancreas and it central to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body) produced in the body primarily in the pancreases. The mean normal blood glucose level in human is about 5.5moll or 100 mg/df. However this level fluctuate through at the day.

Glucose levels are usually lowest in the morning before the first meal of the day (term fasting level) and rise after meal for an hour of two by a few. The normal blood glucose level (fasted while fasting  for non-diabetics, should be between 70 and 100mg/df, and blood sugar level for those without diabetes and who are not fasting should be below 129mg/df

According to American Diabetes Association the blood glucose target range for diabetes should be 70-130(mg/df) before meals and less than 150mg/df after meals (as measure by a blood glucose monitor)

Blood sugar level outside the normal range may be and indicator or a medical condition.

A persistently high level glucose is referred to as Hyperglycaemia, low level are referred to as Hypoglycaemic. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by persistent hyperglycaemia , it result in the inability of pancreas to produce enough insulin and intake of alcohol causes an initial surge in blood surge and later tends to cause level to fall also certain drugs can increase or decrees glucose level. www.wikipedia.org/wiki/blood.sugar

   AIM OF THE STUDY

  1. To identify the optimal blood glucose target for glycemic control
  2. The relationship of high blood glucose with age
  3. The mean random glucose level of apparently healthy adult
  4. To compare the mean value for men and women.

       RESEARCH QUESTION

  1. What is the physiological effects of blood glucose
  2. What are the hormonal regulation of blood glucose
  3. What is the health risk of high blood glucose
  4. Best time to check blood glucose.