HIV AIDS RISK BEHAVIORS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
1.0 Introduction 1.2 Background Of The Study 1.3 Statement Of Problem 1.4 Purpose Of The Study 1.5 Research Question
1.6 Scope Of The Study
2.0 Review Of Related Literature 2.1 Sexual Activities 2.2 Alcohol Consumption 2.3 Drug Use
2.4 Summary Of Literature Review
3.0 Design Of The Study 3.1 Area Of The Study 3.2 Population Of The Study 3.3 Sample And Sampling Techniques 3.4 Instrument For Data Collection 3.5 Method Of Data Collection
3.6 Method Of Data Analysis
4.1 Data Presentation And Analysis
5.1 Discussion 5.2 Conclusion 5.3 Recommendations References Appendix A
Background of the Study By meaning HIV is human immune-deficiency virus, AIDS is acquired immune-deficiency syndrome. HIV and Aids risk behaviors among secondary school student a research topic that seek to investigate the behaviors of secondary school students that increase the spread of this epidermisaids in our society. UN (2000) reported that in 1999 alone 4 million people in sub-Saharan Africa became infected with the human immune-deficiency virus that causes acquired immune-deficiency syndromes. In several African countries, at least half of male currently, at age is will eventually die of aids (UNAIDS). Hornby (2001) defined risk as the possibility of meeting danger or suffering harm or loss or person on things that is a source of danger. Risk as used in the research topic then can be defined as behaviors by the students that have possibility of causing harm.Behavior that increase chance of spreading and contracting injections as people, or one attitudes and manners; The research will try to pinpoint some behavior of secondary school students that increase the chances of spreading and contractingHIV and AIDS. The joint united nation’s programme on HIV and AIDS shows that, the spread of this epidermis is in a geometric form Jennifer James (1999) observed that sexual-inter-course among the society is a major factor for the spread of this virus. The prevalence of AIDS virus among prostitutes, however, caused renewed concern about the problem of prostitutes in the 1980 support this with authority. Ezekwe and Awachie (2010) observed that secondary school students behavior, contribute much to the spread of HIV and aids because many secondary students engaged in drug and also get involved in alcohol drinking. They also engage in sexual behaviors, which increase the chances of exposure to HIV and AIDS. Because of the effect of the drugs and alcohol explain they would be a risk factor for HIV and AIDS. Watching of pornographic pictures increases their dense for sex and as a result gets involved in caused unprotected sex. Again watching pornographic films cause secondary school student to in duty in behaviors that lead them into sexual intercourse taking illegal drugs, taking alcohol their reaction will change automatically because of thosesubstance they has putting into their memory. It causes them to behave abnormally. Adolescents are more at risk of this infection, became secondary school students are adolescents, and a study to determine their behavior towards sexuality becomes very important.
Agujiobi (2003) observed that adolescents were a period of confusion, sexual explosion and experimentations. Since HIV infection is associated with sexuality, the observation could increases the adolescents,vulnerability to the epidermis. Again secondary school students are known to be sexually actives. Since risk had been defined as the possibility of meeting danger been defined is the possibility of meeting danger or shuttering harm the students sexual actively may be a potential danger of the harm of aids. In this study the behavior of the secondary school student in the 34 grammar schools in Enugu education zone that could promote the contraction of HIV will be determined. Furthermore, the influence of school type and gender on these students behavior will also be determined.
1.2 Statement of the Problem There is a big relationship between behavior and health. Behaviorswhich form the focusing of life style are expected to be desirable. However a behavior may reveal or show the presence of difficulties. When a behavior shows the presence of difficulty it becomes a source of possible danger to both the individual and the society.
A risky behavior does not only attract the individual but the society at large. It could be possible that behaviors of secondary school students in Enugu north L.G.A may be deficient of the desired standard.
1.3 Purpose of the Study The purpose of the study is to investigate the HIV-risk behaviors among secondary school students in Enugu north L.G.A specifically the study aims to: 1. Determine the students sexual activities 2. Determine the students’ alcohol consumption
3. Determine the students’ use of drugs
1.4 Significant of the study The findings of this study would with be useful to education authorities concerned with ensuring the successful ways to stopping those behavior that promote HIV and AIDS should be made. As this study interestingly seeks to locate those factors effecting students that make them to engage in those behaviours that lead them to promote or increase HIV and AIDS. World health organization (WHO) and government agencies should create time and also make a program to be available in schools by educating secondary school students’ so they we turn their negative behavior to positive behavior by letting them aware about HIV and AIDS disease. Enhance teaching and learning to effect desirable change in the behavior of our children concerns about their future and also letting them know about consequence towards their behaviours at the end. Help to reduce bad behaviours among secondary school students in Enugu educational zone. By telling them to abstain sexual intercourse. Which help to promote HIV and AIDS diseases.
To reduce the rate of HIV and AIDS diseases among secondary school students by giving them enough information concerns about disease of HIV and AIDS, about their life in future and so telling them outcomes of those behaviours can result to the end.
1.5 Research Question The following research questions have been formulated to aid the study; 1. What are the students’ sexual activities? 2. What is the students’ alcohol consumption?
3. What are the students’ uses of drugs?
1.6 Scope of the study The content of the study will be three major behaviorsof sexual activity, alcohol consumption and drug use, that promote HIV and AIDS risk exposure. Furthermore, the geographical coverage will be the grammar schools located within Enugu north L.G.A which is made up of 34 communities