Impact of Motivation of Teachers on Student Academic Performance
Background of the Study
The strength of any educational system largely depends upon the study of its teachers, it is a teacher who helps to transform an individual into a person of imagination, wisdom, human love and enlightenment, and institutions into lamppost of posterity and the country into a learning society. The national policy on Education 1990 has rightly remarked; “the status of the teacher reflects the socio-cultural ethos of a society”. It is in this context that today a teacher occupies a unique and significant place in any society. It is observed that, with the expansion of schools over the fears in terms of number of secondary school, universities, and colleges and the students strength, its quality and standard have fallen. This issue has engaged the attention of educationists for several years and various committees and commissions have suggest measures for improving the quality of education. The Rad- hakrishnan commission in 1991, kothari commission in 1984 1990, the National Commission of teachers in higher education, the policy on Education 1990 and the review committee of the NPE 1991, expressed their concern over the deterioration of the standards of education and recommended several steps for bringing about improvement in the quality of education at every stage among all the factors responsible for the deteriorating standards of Education. The “teacher” has been identified as the key factor. His characteristics, qualifications, his attitude towards the profession, his competency, his professional skills, his capacity for leadership and motivation to work affect the quality of education. The modern society very badly needs teachers who are not only knowledgeable but also highly motivated and committed to their profession and sincere in their efforts for doing good the society. Teachers are evaluated according to what they are able to accomplish. If they see motivation as hindering their potential and achievement in their jobs. It often becomes difficult for them to remain and maintain a sense of purpose, goal and accomplishment at work. Camp bell and Printchard (1990), defined work motivation in terms of a set of independent/dependent variables, relationships that explains direction, aptitude, and persistence of an individual’s behaviour holding constant effects of aptitude, skill and understanding of the task and the constraints operating in the environment. Steers –R, porter L (1991) defined work motivation as that which drives and sustains human behaviour in working life. Pinder (1998) described work motivation as a set of internal and external forces that initiates work related behaviour and determines its form, direction, intensity and duration. The not worthy feature of this description is that motivation is defined as an energizing force. It is what induces actions in employees and secondary, this force has an implication for the form, that is, what the employee is motivated to accomplish, direction, that is, low they will attempt to accomplish it, intensity, that is how hard they will attempt to accomplish and duration, when they will stop that behaviour.
Work motivation is an action that stimulates the teachers to take a course of action, which will result in attainment of some goals or satisfaction of certain psychological needs of the students, and the forms this basis of this research work.
Statement of Research Problem
Nwadiani (1998), acknowledged that schools in Nigeria are fast decaying. The “rot” in the system ranges from shortage of all teaching and learning resources, expect students, to lack of effective leadership and proper motivation of teachers. Ozigi (1992) pointed out that teachers in Nigeria were unhappy, frustrated, uninspired and unmotivated. The school environment is dotted with dilapidated buildings equip with or without dated laboratory facilities and equipment. Teachers at times have to work under the most unsafe and unhealthy conditions. It is not unusual to find teachers and students interacting academically under collapsed school building. Likewise student are sometimes left with no option but to receive lessons under shades and open roofs while teachers make with the little available outdated materials at their disposal to teach. This has no doubt, translated into teachers low morale which in turn translated into students poor performance in external and internal examinations, their involvement into examination malpractice, cultism and other negative dispositions (vices).
The whole education system is a tale of woe. For example, in Edo, Anambra, Enugu, and Imo state, teachers have not been paid salary for between five to ten months. Yet every parents want his child or children to acquired education and skill through teachers but apparently more seem to worry whether teachers can cater for their families educate their children, settle health bills and contribute meaningfully to community development.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of motivating teachers on the academic performance of the students; specifically the study will investigate.
1. To find out how dilapidated school resources and facilities discourage teachers efficiency.
2. To find out how school management and government motivate teachers to carry out their jobs as expected. 3. To determine the inadequate teachers motivation contribute to students examination malpractice.
4. To identity Parents role in motivating teachers to bring out the best in their children.
Significance of the Study
This study is significant in many respect as it will contribute immensely in enabling the teachers to stay focused and committed to their profession. It will help to unlock the teachers potentials and the expected achievement in their job. The study in effect will also enable the school management and government to see the importance of motivating, encouraging and inspiring teachers. So that they can discharge their duties with real and efficiency in order to produce sound and qualitative students and graduates.
Scope of the Study
Due to the impossibility of covering the whole schools in Enugu state the researchers in effect were limited to three selected secondary school in Nkanu West Local Government Area.
1. To what expend do dilapidated school resources and facilities discourage teacher efficiency?
2. What role do school management and government play in motivating or inspiring teachers to carry out their jobs as expected?
3. To what extend do inadequate teachers motivation contribute to and encouraged students examination malpractice?
4. What are the role of parents in motivating teachers to bring out the best in their children?