THE IMPACT OF PRODUCT INNOVATION ON THE GROWTH OF A FIRM (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BREWERIES PLC AWO-OMMAMA IMO STATE)
The research work at the impact of product innovation on the growth of a firm; this means, the yield that comes from innarating products. This impact ranges from high profitability, high scales volume increase, increase in sales volume, increase in market share and high competitive advantage. This work is divided into five chapters, which reveals the overview of the study, he Nigeria Breweries plc background, statement of the problem, objectives of the study. It also states the research questions, significance and scope of the study, limitation of the study and also definition of terms. Chapter two contains the literature review like various definitions of innovation, concepts of innovation, why companies innovate, innovation strategies and other point relevant to this study. Chapter three contains the research methodology and design, introduction, research design, sources/methods of data collection, population and sample size, sample technique, validity and reliability of measuring instrument and method of data analysis. Chapter four contains presentation and analysis of data, introduction, and presentation of data and interpretation of results. Chapter five has the recommend solution like improvement in marketing research and development. The recommended solutions include proper delivery schedule to make product available at the right time, right place, right quantity and right quality, summary of findings, conclusion, references and appendix.
TABLE OF CONTENT
TITLE PAGE- – – – – – – – – i
APPROVAL PAGE- – – – – – – – ii
DEDICATION- – – – – – – – – iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT- – – – – – – iv
ABSTRACT- – – – – – – – – v
TABLE OF CONTENTS- – – – – – – vi
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
2.2 WHAT IS INNOVATION
2.3 PRODUCT ORIENTED DEFINITION
2.4 A MARKET ORIENTED DEFINITION
2.5 WHAT IS PRODUCT INNOVATION
2.6 WHY PRODUCT INNOVATION
2.7 PRODUCER’S/REASONS FOR NEW PRODUCT INNOVATION
2.8 INNOVATION IN NIGERIAN BREWERIES PLC
2.9 PERFORMANCE AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA BREWERIES PLC
2.10 INNOVATION STRATEGY ADOPTED BY NIGERIA BREWERIES
2.11 CONCEPT OF INNOVATION
2.12 DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION
2.13 CONSUMER ADOPTION PROCESS
2.14 CONSUMERS ADOPTERS CATERGORY
2.15 REASONS FOR THE FAILURE OF NEW PRODUCT
2.16 CORRECTIVE MEASURES AND STRATEGIES
3.0 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.2 RESEARCH DESIGN
3.3 SOURCES/METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION
3.4 POPULATION AND SAMPLE SIZE
3.5 SAPLE TECHNIQUE
3.6 VALIDITY AND RELIABLITY OF MEASURING INSTRUMENT
3.7 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS
4.0 PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.2 REPRESENTION OF DATA
4.3 ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.4 INTERPRETATION OF RESULT (S)
5.0 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.2 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
This study explores relationship between innovative activities, profitability and firms growth in Nigeria Breweries Plc Awo – Ommama Owerri innovation is the future of any business and without a contains flows of new products. This is so because, the business environment is fast changing and becoming highly competitive so a consumers’ changes in taste and needs.
In this study, the researcher addressed a central issue in innovative studies namely:
PERFORMANCE: Does it pay off to become involved in activity? What forms do the benefits of innovation take? Does innovation entrance short run profitability, or does it contributed to a growth, or both or neither.
One important point about innovation is that it is not without cost, it requires the creation of tangible and intangible assets which increases production cost. S second basic argument about innovation and firm performance is that the innovation and firm performance is hat the innovation of new or technically superior product creates temporary monopolies, which improves the business performance of firms.
However, such temporary imperfect competition can clearly be exploited in at least two ways. On the other, firms can raise prices on the imperfect competition can clearly be exploited in at least two ways. On the other, firms can raise prices on the imperfect competition advantage which imperfect returns on sales. Alternatively, firms can hold prices down, leading to more or less sharp improvement in the price-quality ration on the product resulting In increasing sales and profitability (however measured) may improve via innovation, but innovation will improve the growth of the firm.
However, Nigeria breweries plc also Ommama Owerri does have higher rate of growth of sales (which means also, that the absolute amount of profit grows faster than in non innovating firms) and impact of innovation on growth.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Nigeria Breweries plc (NBPLC) is the country’s pioneer brewery incorporated on 16trh November 1946 and commercial production in 1949. it stated as a joint venture between the United African Company (UAC) international, UK and Heineken of Holland. Thus, at inception it was 100 percent foreign owned. Today, the company is 60% Nigeria owned and 40% foreign owned. The 40% foreign ownership is split almost equally between WA holdings ltd, ( for UNILEVA) AND Heineken Bro Uwerijen BV.
Its principal activities includes the brewering and marketing of larger bear, 33 bear, stout , no-alcoholic malt drinks and the boiling of Schweppes ranges of soft drinks and crush range. It operates from six breweries locations namely: Lagos, Aba, Owerri, Kaduna, Ibadan, Enugu, but the Aba location has recently shut down, due to the general recession dilapidated infrastructure facilities, political instability and the attended policy inconsistency and high cost of production in Nigeria, the company suffered declining productivity and profit between 1985 and 1996.
However, with consistent, strong and innovative initiatives and marketing support for all its branches, along with the very enterprise driven customer service strategies, the overall performance of the company was dramatically improved by 1998. all the branch include star, gulder, legend extra stout, stout, maltina and Amstel and a range of soft drinks – Schweppes companies (Heineken Technical service ) Bv premiums beverages international, B.V. Amstel Bro. Uwerijen shares). It also invested in right selection, training and motivation of its staff as well as improving the quality of its brand and substantially lunching itself into he new technological sphere in brewery industry.
The significant rise in profit after tax of the company from N1.7 billion between 1997 and 2001 is a reflection of the fact that global connectivity through partnering and networking infects dynamic sources of industrial rejuvanation , with the necessary re-engineering of operation through innovation, right management and networking, the firms emerged as a success string in Nigeria.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The business environment is fast changing competitions emerging derby business decisions and action becoming more risky as the market demands and needs are fluctuation daily external force is forcing many business organization to move outward through innovation.
Firms, in the presence of these circumstances have to survive and grow or die prematurely. Given the rapid change on taste, technology and competition, it become risky for a company to rely on its existing product. This is so dynamic, customers want and expect new and adversely unfavorable to Nigeria Breweries plc if it fails to apply adequate attention to it. Nigerian Breweries Company will branch a new product today tomorrow if they discover that rival firms having flooded the market with similar product satisfying the same needs.
This is a result of the reason why maltina sip-it was introduced to capture a sector of drink market and also respond to the major activities of the major competitors just as they suggest; sip- is for convenient carriage. What you can take at interval without necessary gulling the liquid at a time. Maltina sip-it is a modification of maltina drink in the bottle. It was made to satisfy customers who needed to quench their taste anytime anywhere of which maltina sip- it was now put in a disposal pack for easy carriage the basic aim of the business organization is to constantly satisfy the needs and wants of its customer in the face of all these constraints by coming up with new product, service and idea. Hence the mission statement of Nigeria Breweries plc read to be leading beverage in Nigeria marketing consumer satisfaction in an environmentally friendly ways.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The primary purpose of the study is to llok at the impact of product innovation on the growth of a firm. This study specially will almost others try it:
- Determine if it pays to become involved in innovative activities
- Determine the effects of innovation on firms performance
- Does it contribute to a firms growth or both or neither:
- Find out whether product modification increase market acceptance of new products.
- Determine if product innovation increase the sales volume of new products.
- Identify whether there is a significant difference between the sales revenue of a product before and after innovated upon.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
To what extent has Nigeria breweries Awo Owanma Owrri succeed in creating awareness for its product?
- Does a consumer respond positively to the purchase of your company’s new product?
- Does product innovation the brewery industry bring about increase in sales volume?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Business organization justifies their economic and social existence to satisfy their respective customers through research on all the various brands of the different firms involved. It is a result of this fact and also due to time factor, finance and other constrains that this study will be delimited to the impacts of product innovation on the growth on Nigeria Breweries plc Awo- Ommama Oweri.
However, for the purpose of this study only the growth effects of innovating where held constant. The target audience comprises of consumers in Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Evan Enwerem University Eating outlet, supermarket, bar and management staff of Nigeria breweries plc and Awo-ommama Owerri.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Numerous brewing industries in various countries al over the world are involved in the innovation of their various consumers product. In the same vein, quitted a number of firms are concerned with the innovation of their various product brands. Most of these firms are basically similar in their mode of operation. It would be impractical an practically impossible to conduct a places gathering information. But the fact that the researcher was faced with all these the research work became a successful one.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The researcher encountered some challenges in the course of conducting the research. Some of the challenges arose from the academic workload.
Also, inconsistency and unresponsiveness of some of the respondents who are illustrates financial commitment of transportation to various places gathering information.
DEFINITION OF TERMS:
DILAPIDATED: In a bad stat of repair failing to pieces.
INNOVATION: The process of making changes introducing new ideas, methods, techniques etc.
MARKETING: It is a human activity directed toward satisfaction of wants and needs through exchange means.
NETWORK: A closely liked group of companies part in an n activity with another or other, especially one of the owners of the business.
REJUVENATE: To make something look new in the market.