THE IMPACT OF SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON TEACHING AND LEARNING: A CASE STUDY OF NIGER COLLEGE JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS TWO
The impact of school environment on teaching and learning was carried out in Niger College Junior Secondary School II. In this work attention was be paid to the surrounding in which children learn. This can greatly influenced their academic performance and well being in school. the second phase of the work deals with the previous writers views and comment, in the architecture layout décor and facilitates of their school all play a vital role in shaping the learning environment, yet the importance of this particular aspect of school life can often be over look. Questionnaires were used to carry out the study headmaster, headmistress, teachers, students were used to gather the relevant data which revealed the impart of the school environment on teaching and learning process.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
Administration of questionnaire
Method of data collection
Reliability and validity of instrument
Method of data analysis
Presentation and analysis of data
Responses made by school heads
Responses made by teachers
Summary of finding
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
This study on the impact of the school environment on teaching and learning it was carried out in Niger College Junior Secondary School Two in Ugbekun Quarters of Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area of Edo State. The teachers and students there were the subject used. The secondary school environment is composed of many factors that influence the students. In this work, attention was be paid to the surrounding in which children learn. This can greatly influence their academic performance, and well being in school. The architecture, layout, décor and facilities of their school all play a vital role in shaping the learning environment yet the importance of this particular aspect of school life can often be over looked.
Most children no matter how well or how poorly they perform in the classroom will at some point complain about the fact that they have to go to school; it might be the hours, the number of days per weeks, their teachers, or even the other students that come under fire, but very often. It’s the school building itself that is the stumbling block. It stands to reason that the better a building looks, the more it inspires the people inside it. Obviously it takes more than a few pretty colour to create legions of geniuses but what ever a child academic ability, pleasing surroundings will definitely lead to better attendance, improved concentration and a healthy dose of motivation and self esteem. Its also important for staff to have a good environment, which is adoptable to their day to day professional needs.
Aristotle (1998) also recognized the indispensable functions of education when he stated in his books the claimed that the aims of education should include:
1. The realization of the capabilities and potential of individual
2. The development of the body
3. The training of the appetites, which is character or moral development
4. The development of the intellect or reason. He further held that none of the above should be emphasized at the expenses of the others.
In line with the above aims and functions of education, the Nigeria government in its 1981 Policy on Education stated that the five main national objective of education are the building of:
i. Free and democratic society
ii. A just and egalitarian society
iii. A united, strong and self reliant nation
iv. A great and dynamic economy
v. A land of bright and full opportunities for all citizens.
Presently education in Nigeria has not been able to achieve the noble objectives because it is in deep problem. According to Bronfenbrenner (1989), young people need to have adult who are “crazy” about teaching instead, they are driving each other crazy. In these schools, support networks are weak or none existed for both children and teachers. Teacher may resent what they perceive as inadequate encouragement assistance, and resource to do their job. Students may feel that nobody at school knows or cares about them. What can be done to change these schools into caring productive places that children and teacher enjoy coming to every day.
The school effect literature describes numerous factors that may enhance the school environment including effective principal leadership, a safe and orderly setting engaging extra curriculum activities reduction in the size and impersonality of school and education programs designed to fit the unique needs of specific students and school contexts school climate is often as palatable as the weather. Some schools have warm friendly emblems, while others have a cold for body environment that permute classroom and offices. It seems probable that school and classroom climate would influence student’s performance. A number of schools around the country are still languishing in the Victorian era, with crumbling walls and limited resources. It seems that many school in the twenty first century particularly secondary schools are having to shoehorn modern day teaching and up to date resource into nineteenth century surroundings only a tiny proportion of today’s school have been built since the mid 1970s and with a few generation of children stampeding through their relatively modern facilities, many of these buildings are also edging towards the end of their natural life span.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The magnitude of environment problems on teaching and learning school is very difficult to determine because so many extraneous variables impinges on the teaching skills and learning capabilities of teachers and students in the classroom at different times. The time between school environment and home environment is hard to define and varies from individual to individual.
This study takes a critical look at the impact of school environment at different times on the teaching and learning of teachers and students respectively in secondary schools in Benin City, the Edo State capital.
The following are research questions stated by the researcher
1. Do the school environment affect teaching
2. Does the size of the classroom help the students in their learning?
3. Good environment does it help staff in delivery of their profession?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
Few studies have been carried out in Nigeria like Benin City, Edo State to determine the impact of school environment on the teaching and learning. The main purpose of this study is to compute the impact of the environment on teaching and learning on teacher and pupils respectively. Also to acquaint the school management of the danger of degraded and noisy environment on the performance of both teacher and students. Lastly, to consider the implication of the finding for developing school curriculum by school administrators and educators planners.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The importance of this study is that it will serve as a literature for further research students and researchers for curriculum planners it will be a lay down procedure for them in carrying out their research work and plans. Another importance of this research is that it serves as a documentation of facts for historical purpose and records
DEFINITION OF TERMS
In this research, some terms which are used connotatively are defined and classified to enable us understand the context in which they are used. LEARNING: This is gaining knowledge by studying practice or being taught in a school compound. It brings about the gaining of understanding that leads to the modification of attitudes and behaviours through the acquisition of knowledge, skills and values, through study and experience learning cause a change of behaviour that is persistent, measurable and specified or allows an individual to formulate a new mental construct. SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT: This is the school compound itself, the classroom the furniture and teaching materials it includes the time in hours spent in the school compound. It also embraces the school surrounding. It must be safe, clean, comfortable and attractive classroom can stimulate learning and help build a classroom community. TEACHING: To give instruction in any way to persons or groups in a school compound. It is also the conscious and deliberate effort by a mature or experience person with intention that the latter will learn or come to believe what he is taught on good grounds.