Impact of Sexuality Education in Reducing Unprotected Intercourse Among Adolescents

Impact of Sexuality Education in Reducing Unprotected Intercourse Among Adolescents in Ovia Local Government of Edo State

ABSTRACT

With the achievement of puberty, the adolescent becomes sexually active and competent. This maturity involves the whole process of physical development, emotional feelings and social conditioning. It may well be for the adolescent a period of turmoil and awkward adjustment, of mystery and exchange of wrong information with other adolescents. Adolescents, therefore, need the best possible preparation to enable them to cope well with their sexual development and avoid the most obvious pitfalls. Proper sex education can correct misconceptions and help achieve the desired sexual behaviour among the adolescents. Most studies in Nigeria have generally concentrated on identifying the major sources of sex education for adolescents. It is less clear, however, which sexuality outcomes are influenced by different sources, and which sources have greater general influences on adolescents in Nigeria. The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of various sources of education about sexual topics (family, peers, media, school and religion) on teens’ sexual knowledge and behaviour among public secondary school students in Ovia local government of Edo state. The study used ex-post facto design to determine sources of sex education and its influence on secondary school adolescents’ sexual behaviour. Data analysis was both qualitative and quantitative. Qualitative analysis considered the inferences that were made from the opinions of the respondents. This analysis was then thematically presented in narrative form and where possible tabular form. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics including frequency counts and percentages. These data were further subjected to significance tests using Chi-square test. The study established that the main sources of sex education were peers and the mass media. Parents and school were rated among the lowest with sources of sex education. Based on the findings of the study, the researcher concludes that adolescents in secondary schools in Ovia local government of Edo state do not have adequate information about sex. This can be attributed to overreliance on peers for information about sex, and, because information from peers can be unreliable, most of the information that the adolescents have is often misleading. Consequently, most of the sexually active students do not use any form of protection during sexual intercourse, and this exposes them to the risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases, or getting unwanted pregnancies, which can result to school dropout or health complications as young girls attempt abortion. Other adolescents practice unreliable protection methods such as the withdrawal method due to lack of information. Therefore, the researcher recommends that parents should be sensitized about the whole question of adolescents’ sexuality so that they can be more involved in teaching them about the same; the education system should put into consideration the idea of incorporating sex education into the school curriculum; the community should work hand in hand with community-based organisations and NGOs to educate the adolescents on responsible sex behaviour; the church should play a more active role in educating the adolescents/youth on sex education; and, since most peers prefer getting their information concerning sex from their fellow peers, all the parties should make effort to train the adolescents in order to ensure that they give right information to each other.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study

Sex education is enlightenment on issues to human sexuality which includes emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control ad sexual abstinence.

According to the English Dictionary, unprotected sex is an act of sexual intercourse or sodomy performed without the use of a condom, thus involving the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.It was discovered that teenage girls are 35% more likely than boys to have unprotected sex the first time they have sexual intercourse regardless of any previous sex education instruction. Boys generally have been thought to be more liable to risky behaviors, such as engaging in unprotected sex.In Nigeria, problems linked with adolescents’ sexual health comprise high rates of teenage pregnancy; a rising event of sexually transmitted diseases, high rates of abortion mortality and more. Medical problems associated with adolescents’ sexual behaviour are a major health burden to Nigerians. Problems are not limited to pregnancy, it includes secondary infertility and development of cervical abnormalities in adolescents. Early and unprotected sexual activity has negative consequences for young people, adolescents precisely. Adolescents who become sexually active often fall victim of high-risk behaviour that leads to physical and emotional damage. Each year, influenced by a combination of a youthful assumption of invincibility, and a lack of guidance, millions of adolescents ignore those risks and suffer the consequences.Young men who have sex with men are liable to HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. It was discovered that individuals infected with an STD are at least two to five times more likely than uninfected individuals to acquire HIV if exposed to the virus through sexual contact. One study found that among gay male clinic patients screened for STDs, those 15 to 20 years old had the highest age-specific rates of rectal Chlamydia and gonorrhea. Sexual activity has consequences. Though the teen birth rate has declined to its lowest levels since data collection began, the United States still has the highest teen birth rate in the industrialized world. Roughly one in four girls will become pregnant at least once by their 20th birthday. Teenage mothers are less likely to finish high school and are more likely than their peers to live in poverty, depend on public assistance, and be in poor health. Their children are more likely to suffer health and cognitive disadvantages, come in contact with the child welfare and correctional systems, live in poverty, drop out of high school and become teen parents themselves. These costs add up, according to The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, which estimates that teen childbearing costs taxpayers at least $9.4 billion annually.

Comprehensive sex education programs show that these programs can help youth delay onset of sexual activity, reduce the frequency of sexual activity, reduce number of sexual partners, and increase condom and contraceptive use. Importantly, the evidence shows youth who receive comprehensive sex education are NOT more likely to become sexually active, increase sexual activity, or experience negative sexual health outcomes.

Statement of the problem

The following are the problems of the study:

  1. 35% of teenage girls have unprotected sex the first time they have sexual intercourse regardless of any sex education instruction.
  2. Youth who do not receive comprehensive sex education are more likely to become sexually active, increase sexual activity, or experience negative sexual health outcomes.

1.3 Objectives of the study

The following are the objectives of the study:

  1. To determine whether Sex Education Intervention Programme would reduce at-risk sexual behaviours of school-going adolescents.
  2. To suggest the need for effective sex education for the young ones.
  3. To know if youth who receive comprehensive sex education are more likely to become sexually active, increase sexual activity, experience negative sexual health outcomes or not.

1.4 Research questions

1. How can sex Education Intervention Programme reduce at-risk sexual behaviours of school-going adolescents in ovia local government of Edo state?

1.5 Research hypotheses

Ho:

Hi:

Ho:

Hi:

1.6 Significance of the study

1. This research work will encourage young people to tell the truth, using computers instead of face-to-face interviews.

2. Comprehensive sex education programs show that these programs can help youth delay onset of sexual activity, reduce the frequency of sexual activity, reduce number of sexual partners, and increase condom and contraceptive use.

1.7 Scope/Limitations of the study

The scope of this study centers on impact of sexuality education in reducing unprotected intercourse among adolescents in ovia local government of Edo state.

Limitations of study

1. Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

2. Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.8 Definition of terms

Sex education: is enlightenment on issues to human sexuality which includes emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control ad sexual abstinence.

Education: is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research

Sexuality:Sexuality includes our sexual orientation (heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual).

Intercourse: the act carried out for procreation or for pleasure in which, typically, the insertion of the male’s erect penis into the female’s vagina is followed by rhythmic thrusting usually culminating in orgasm; copulation; coitus related adjective venereal

Unprotected intercourse:unprotected sex is an act of sexual intercourse or sodomy performed without the use of a condom, thus involving the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.

Adolescents:the period between the onset of puberty and the cessation of physical growth; roughly from 11 to 19 years of age.

REFERENCES

Ajzen, I. (1980). Understanding the attitudes and predicting social behaviour. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Towards a Unifying Theory of Behavioural Change: Psychological Review; 84.

Bearman, P. Brückner, H. (1999). Power in Numbers: Peer Effects on Adolescent Girls’ Sexual Debut and Pregnancy. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.

Bell, J. (1993). Doing Your Research Project. London: Open University.

Berne, L. A., & Huberman, B. K. (2000). Lessons learned: European approaches to adolescent sexual behaviour and responsibility. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 25(2/3), 189-199.

Borg, W. and Gall, M. (1989). Educational Research: An Introduction. New York: Longman

Brooks-Gunn, J., & Furstenberg, F., Jr. (1989). Adolescent Sexual Behaviour. American Psychologist, 44, 249-257.

Brown, J. D., Childers, K. W., & Waszak, C. S. (1990). Television and Adolescent Sexuality. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 11(1), 62-70.

Collins, Rebecca L., Marc N. Elliott, Sandra H. Berry, David E. Kanouse, and Sarah B. Hunter. (2003). “Entertainment Television as a Healthy Sex Educator: The Impact of Condom-Efficacy Information in an Episode of Friends,” Paediatrics, Vol. 112, No. 5.

Collins, Rebecca L., Marc N. Elliott, Sandra H. Berry, David E. Kanouse, Dale Kunkel, Sarah B. Hunter, and Angela, M., (2004). “Watching Sex on Television Predicts Adolescent Initiation of Sexual Behaviour,” Paediatrics, Vol. 114, No. 3.

Darling, C. A. and Hicks, M. N. (1982). “Parental Influence on Adolescence Sexuality: Implications for Parents as Educators.” Journal of Adolescents and Adolescence II.

Finkel, M. L., & Finkel, S. (1985). Sex Education in High School. Society, 2.3, 48-53.

Fishbein, M & Ajzen, I. (1972). Beliefs, attitudes, intentions and behaviour: an introduction to theory and research. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.

Fishbein, M & Ajzen, I. (1974). Attitudes towards objects as predictors of single and multiple behavioural criteria. Psychological Review, 81(1), 29-74.

Flowers-Coulson, P. A., Kushner, M. A., & Bankowski, S. (2000). The information is out there, but is anyone getting it? Adolescent misconceptions about sexuality education and reproductive health and the use of the Internet to get answers.
Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 25(2/ 3), 178-188.

Forrest, S. (2002). “A comparison of Student evaluations of Peer-delivered Sex Education Programme and Teacher-led programme”. Sex Education, 2 (3)

Fox, and Inazu, T. (1980). The family’s role in adolescent sexual behaviour. In T.

Ooms (Ed.), Teen pregnancy in a family context: Implications for op lic . Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Fox, G. L. (1980). “Mother-Daughter Communication about Sex.” Family Relations 29.

Fox, G. L., & Inazu, J. K. (1980). Mother-Daughter Communication about Sex. Family Relations, 29, 347 – 352.


Cite this article: Project Topics. (2021). Impact of Sexuality Education in Reducing Unprotected Intercourse Among Adolescents. Retrieved October 27, 2021, from https://www.projecttopics.org/impact-sexuality-education-reducing-unprotected-intercourse-among-adolescents.html.



Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


WeCreativez WhatsApp Support
We are here to answer your questions. Ask us anything!
Hi, how can we help?