INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS AND THE PERFORMANCE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF NGOR-OKPALA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF IMO STATE

Table of Contents
Title Page – – – – – – – – i
Certification – – – – – – – – ii
Dedication – – – – – – – – iii
Acknowledgement – – – – – – – iv
Table of Contents – – – – – – – v
Abstract – – – – – – – – vi
Chapter One:
Introduction
1.1 Background of the Study – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem – – – – – 4
1.3 Objectives of the Study – – – – – 6
1.4 Significance of the Study – – – – – 7
1.5 Literature Review – – – – – – 8
1.6 Theoretical Framework – – – – – 21
1.7. Hypotheses – – – – – – – 22
1.8 Scope of the Study – – – – – – 23
viii
1.9 Methodology – – – – – – – 24
1.10 Definition of Terms – – – – – – 24
Chapter Two: Constitutional Framework for the Existence
of Local Government in Nigeria – – 28
2.1 Local governments Reform in Nigeria – – 29
2.2 The Military and Local Government in Nigeria – 36
2.3 Local Government in Fourth Republic (1999 – date) 38
2.4 Local Government and Review of the 1999
Constitution – – – – – – – 44
2.5 Constitutional Justification for Intergovernmental Relations in Nigeria – – – – – – 46
Chapter Three: The Co-operative and Comparative
Relationship between the Local Government and other Tiers of Government – – – 52
3.1.1 The Intergovernmental Relationship between the
Federal Government and Local Government – – – 53
3.1.2 Intergovernmental Relationship between the State and Local Government – – – – – – 55
3.2 The Impact of Intergovernmental Relations on the
Performance of the Local Government in Nigeria – 58
3.3. The Challenges of Intergovernmental Relations in
Nigeria – – – – – – – – 69
3.3.1 Reasons for the Establishment of Local Government 72
3.3.2 Functions of Local Government Administrations – 76
3.3.3 Factors Militating against Local Government
Performance in Nigeria – – – – – 79
Chapter Four: The Autonomy of Local Governments in
terms of Generating Income, Authority of the Local Councils and Decision making Process – – 85
4.1 Political and Administrative Structure of
Local Government in Nigeria – – – – – 87
4.2.1 The Structure of Departments in Ngor-Okpala
Local Government Area – – – – – 92
4.2.2 Roles of the Various Departments – – – 95
4.2.3 Interdepartmental Relationship – – – 103
4.3 Authority of the Local Council and Decision making process – – – – – – – – 105
Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1 Summary – – – – – – – – 109
5.2 Conclusion – – – – – – – 112
5.3 Recommendation – – – – – – 112
Bibliography – – – – – – – – 115

Abstract

Intergovernmental relations is associated with states having a federal administrative system where the relationship between the federal, central or national government and major sub-national units (province, region or state) are formally spelt out in the constitution. This seek to promote peace and harmony among the levels of government which are the federal, state and local government, to enhance the emergence of co-operative rather than competitive federation and to solve the problem of rural and urban poverty.
In chapter one of this research work, the background in need for the study is to be discussed, the statement of the problem, objective of the study which is to determine if the constitutional provisions for local governments and their relations in the central government are prevalent, and also to determine the present structure and pattern of intergovernmental relations were discussed. The literature review such as works done by Bello-Imam (1966) and Wright (1974) is to be reviewed. This is done in other to review relevant and related literature to the problem under study. The system theory was used to analyze the work. The scope of the study and limitations of the study was further discussed. Chapter two deals with the constitutional provision for the existence of local governments in Nigeria and their various roles they can play in the local level.

Chapter three focus on the comparative and cooperative relationship between the local government and other tiers of government such as the state and federal government.

Chapter four, here the autonomy in terms of generative income, authority of the local councils, decision making by the local government as provided by the constitution is discussed.

Finally, chapter five which is the last chapter deals with the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation.

Therefore, this research work will help us hopefully to understand the intergovernmental relations and performance of local governments in Nigeria especially, the performance of Ngor-Okpala local government area and we constitute an invaluable reference material for students, practitioners and researchers in various aspects of intergovernmental relations in Nigeria.