Sustainability in exploitation, development and management of hydrological resources of Turkana District

Turkana District is one of the driest districts of Kenya. Its water resources are rainfall, groundwater and surface water. This paper describes the development and utilization of these resources in the district. Surface water resources include Lake Turkana (whose waters are unsuitable for domestic water supply, livestock watering or irrigation), the rivers, and hydrological basins, the main four of which are the Suguta, the Lotikipi, Sandarson’s and Lake Turkana basins. In order to assess the quality of Kenya’s surface water, chemical samples of water from the Turkwel, Kerio and Suguta rivers have been analysed. The results show that the water of the Turkwel and the Suguta is not fit for human consumption. Kerio water needs filtration and treatment before human consumption. An examination of traditional Turkana water sources utilization is followed by a description of institutional aspects of water development, paying special attention to the role of the Ministry of Water Development and the Diocese of Lodwar. Sustainable development of the water resources of Turkana District largely depends on a clear understanding of the environment, a proper assessment of the existing water sources and the tapping of such sources with the use of the most sustainable and appropriate technology. Bibliogr., sum.

Title: Sustainability in exploitation, development and management of hydrological resources of Turkana District
Author: Msangi, J.P.
Year: 1991
Periodical: Journal of Eastern African Research and Development
Volume: 21
Pages: 21-39
Language: English
Notes: biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms: Kenya
East Africa
Abstract: Turkana District is one of the driest districts of Kenya. Its water resources are rainfall, groundwater and surface water. This paper describes the development and utilization of these resources in the district. Surface water resources include Lake Turkana (whose waters are unsuitable for domestic water supply, livestock watering or irrigation), the rivers, and hydrological basins, the main four of which are the Suguta, the Lotikipi, Sandarson’s and Lake Turkana basins. In order to assess the quality of Kenya’s surface water, chemical samples of water from the Turkwel, Kerio and Suguta rivers have been analysed. The results show that the water of the Turkwel and the Suguta is not fit for human consumption. Kerio water needs filtration and treatment before human consumption. An examination of traditional Turkana water sources utilization is followed by a description of institutional aspects of water development, paying special attention to the role of the Ministry of Water Development and the Diocese of Lodwar. Sustainable development of the water resources of Turkana District largely depends on a clear understanding of the environment, a proper assessment of the existing water sources and the tapping of such sources with the use of the most sustainable and appropriate technology. Bibliogr., sum.