Towards a stronger human rights culture in Zimbabwe: the special role of lawyers

The government of Zimbabwe decided in the middle of 1990 that the state of emergency which had been continuously in effect since independence would not be renewed. This created a new environment more congenial to the establishment of a strong human rights culture, in which lawyers should play a pivotal role. The author distinguishes two broad categories of human rights, namely civil and political rights on the one hand, and economic and social rights on the other. In this article he concentrates on civil and political rights. He first looks at the development of human rights in Zimbabwe in the last decade. Then he examines strategies in the protection of fundamental rights; the importance of criticism of and protest about abuses; the role of authorities in protecting fundamental rights; reliance on provisions in international human rights instruments; and the role of the police, who possessed extraordinary powers under the state of emergency. The transfer of emergency provisions to other laws is now of great importance. Ann., notes.

Title: Towards a stronger human rights culture in Zimbabwe: the special role of lawyers
Author: Feltoe, G.
Year: 1989
Periodical: The Zimbabwe Law Review
Volume: 7-8
Pages: 134-150
Language: English
Notes: biblio. refs.
Geographic terms: Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Abstract: The government of Zimbabwe decided in the middle of 1990 that the state of emergency which had been continuously in effect since independence would not be renewed. This created a new environment more congenial to the establishment of a strong human rights culture, in which lawyers should play a pivotal role. The author distinguishes two broad categories of human rights, namely civil and political rights on the one hand, and economic and social rights on the other. In this article he concentrates on civil and political rights. He first looks at the development of human rights in Zimbabwe in the last decade. Then he examines strategies in the protection of fundamental rights; the importance of criticism of and protest about abuses; the role of authorities in protecting fundamental rights; reliance on provisions in international human rights instruments; and the role of the police, who possessed extraordinary powers under the state of emergency. The transfer of emergency provisions to other laws is now of great importance. Ann., notes.