The Descent from Oduduwa: Claims of Superiority among Some Yoruba Traditional Rulers and the Arts of Ancient Life

Discussion of the conflicting claims of supremacy among some Yoruba traditional rulers, particularly the Ooni of Ife and the Alaafin of Oyo. The descent from Oduduwa, an aspect of Yoruba traditional history, is analysed, comparing archaeological materials from ancient Ife with some present cultural practices of the Yuruba to determine: 1) who Oduduwa is likely to have been, and 2) who his descendants were. The evidence suggests that if any rulers of the kingdoms which sprang from Ife descended directly from Oduduwa, it is only the ruler of Benin. The Alaafin of Oyo cannot even be traced to either Oduduwa or the rulers of Ife before and after Oduduwa. Notes.

Title: The Descent from Oduduwa: Claims of Superiority among Some Yoruba Traditional Rulers and the Arts of Ancient Life
Author: Adepegba, Cornelius O.
Year: 1986
Periodical: International Journal of African Historical Studies
Volume: 19
Issue: 1
Pages: 77-92
Language: English
Geographic term: Nigeria
External link: https://www.jstor.org/stable/218696
Abstract: Discussion of the conflicting claims of supremacy among some Yoruba traditional rulers, particularly the Ooni of Ife and the Alaafin of Oyo. The descent from Oduduwa, an aspect of Yoruba traditional history, is analysed, comparing archaeological materials from ancient Ife with some present cultural practices of the Yuruba to determine: 1) who Oduduwa is likely to have been, and 2) who his descendants were. The evidence suggests that if any rulers of the kingdoms which sprang from Ife descended directly from Oduduwa, it is only the ruler of Benin. The Alaafin of Oyo cannot even be traced to either Oduduwa or the rulers of Ife before and after Oduduwa. Notes.