Peasants and Class Alliances

The conditions under which capitalism has penetrated African countries have not produced the kind of capitalist developments that occurred in Europe. An analysis must be undertaken of the process of differentiation of the peasantry. While some ranks of the peasantry protect their interests by fraternising with the bureaucracy, the poor peasantry is exploited by both internal and external dominating classes. The concept of the worker-peasant alliance thus grows from an analysis of both the working class and poor peasantry in relation to other classes, from their rule in social production, and their objective interests in conflict with imperialism and its local class allies. At the same time class struggle and class alliance require indispensably a political ideology and political organisation based on proletarian class consciousness. This article is an extract from Issa Shivji’s forthcoming book ‘Class Struggles in Tanzania’ (1975). Bibl. note.

Title: Peasants and Class Alliances
Author: Shivji, Issa G.
Year: 1975
Periodical: Review of African Political Economy
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Period: May-October
Pages: 10-18
Language: English
Geographic term: Tanzania
External link: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03056247508703253
Abstract: The conditions under which capitalism has penetrated African countries have not produced the kind of capitalist developments that occurred in Europe. An analysis must be undertaken of the process of differentiation of the peasantry. While some ranks of the peasantry protect their interests by fraternising with the bureaucracy, the poor peasantry is exploited by both internal and external dominating classes. The concept of the worker-peasant alliance thus grows from an analysis of both the working class and poor peasantry in relation to other classes, from their rule in social production, and their objective interests in conflict with imperialism and its local class allies. At the same time class struggle and class alliance require indispensably a political ideology and political organisation based on proletarian class consciousness. This article is an extract from Issa Shivji’s forthcoming book ‘Class Struggles in Tanzania’ (1975). Bibl. note.