Models in social change, with special reference to Southern Africa

The purpose here, with reference especially to Southern Africa, is to review the past and possible uses of various models in urban anthropology and social change. There seem to be the following broad type of model: 1. Egocentric models; 2. Categorical models; 3. Segmentary models; 4. Sociological history models. This review shows that the tendency hitherto has been to use ‘structural’ models of some kind. Statements in nearly all the models examined can be translated into role and status propositions. Problems for research can be set out on a societal basis, at an individual level, and in terms of social change. Societal problems occur in three parts: Corporate groups, structure, values. Individual problems arise in five major questions: Network, role criteria, role stratification, social control, social change. Virually all the possibilities have been tried except the formal concept of role itself. References cited.

Title: Models in social change, with special reference to Southern Africa
Author: Reader, D.H.
Year: 1964
Periodical: African Studies
Volume: 23
Issue: 1
Pages: 11-33
Language: English
Geographic term: East Africa
External link: https://doi.org/10.1080/00020186408707188
Abstract: The purpose here, with reference especially to Southern Africa, is to review the past and possible uses of various models in urban anthropology and social change. There seem to be the following broad type of model: 1. Egocentric models; 2. Categorical models; 3. Segmentary models; 4. Sociological history models. This review shows that the tendency hitherto has been to use ‘structural’ models of some kind. Statements in nearly all the models examined can be translated into role and status propositions. Problems for research can be set out on a societal basis, at an individual level, and in terms of social change. Societal problems occur in three parts: Corporate groups, structure, values. Individual problems arise in five major questions: Network, role criteria, role stratification, social control, social change. Virually all the possibilities have been tried except the formal concept of role itself. References cited.