Demilitarising militias in the Kivus (eastern Democratic Republic of Congo)

The process of postconflict reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) faces a number of key challenges, the most significant being the rise of dissident armed groups after the official end of the conflict in 2003, especially in North and South Kivu. Amongst the militias operating in the region are the Mayi Mayi, the Forces dmocratiques de libration de Rwanda (FDLR), Rasta, the Front pour la libration du Nord Kivu (FLNK), and a number of Kinyarwanda Tutsi armed collectives. These groups have continually resisted the demilitarization process, thereby undermining the efforts of the Congolese government and the international community. This paper critically analyses the character of these groups by focusing on their motivations, organizational structure and the local context in which they operate. It examines demilitarization activities in the eastern DRC and provides policy recommendations. These include an effective security sector reform strategy, providing financial support to the integrated army, improving the reintegration element of the demilitarization programme, and involving the overall socioeconomic conditions of the region. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. (p. vii-viii). [Journal abstract]

Title: Demilitarising militias in the Kivus (eastern Democratic Republic of Congo)
Author: Thakur, Monika
Year: 2008
Periodical: African Security Review
Volume: 17
Issue: 1
Pages: 52-67
Language: English
Geographic term: Congo (Democratic Republic of)
External link: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/10246029.2008.9627459
Abstract: The process of postconflict reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) faces a number of key challenges, the most significant being the rise of dissident armed groups after the official end of the conflict in 2003, especially in North and South Kivu. Amongst the militias operating in the region are the Mayi Mayi, the Forces dmocratiques de libration de Rwanda (FDLR), Rasta, the Front pour la libration du Nord Kivu (FLNK), and a number of Kinyarwanda Tutsi armed collectives. These groups have continually resisted the demilitarization process, thereby undermining the efforts of the Congolese government and the international community. This paper critically analyses the character of these groups by focusing on their motivations, organizational structure and the local context in which they operate. It examines demilitarization activities in the eastern DRC and provides policy recommendations. These include an effective security sector reform strategy, providing financial support to the integrated army, improving the reintegration element of the demilitarization programme, and involving the overall socioeconomic conditions of the region. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. (p. vii-viii). [Journal abstract]