Nigerian Civil War Effect on Aboh Mbaise Local Government Area Imo State
Background of the Study
The period 1967-1970 is very remarkable in the history of Nigeria. During this period, the country witnessed a devastating civil war characterized by the unwanted destruction of lives and property.
The Nigeria Civil War is so significant that the history of this country would be incomplete without a survey of the circumstances that led to the war and the effects it had on the people that fought the war and the neighbouring communities. Although Nigeria as a whole witnessed the impact of the war, the people of the Eastern region suffered most because the war was fought in their territory.
This study is designed to investigate the effects of the Nigerian Civil War on Aboh-Mbaise L.G.A of Imo State, which was torn apart by the cruel war. This prosperous community was ravaged by her progress and population. While the war lasted, it influenced both men and women by bringing them face to face with the ghastly realities of battle in a town where the sound of guns and other weapons of war were never heard before, it exposed children to hunger and death. The happy days of men and women at work on their occasion and for their profit disappeared from millions of people.
War is always a terrible thing, it most often connotes deaths, injury, hunger and suffering. however courteous the soldier may be, by their nature, by their training and orders, they must seek to destroy their enemies. The very events of the recent conflict in Nigeria have inevitably made matters worse than might have been the case.
The effect of the war on Aboh-Mbaise is a turning point in the history of Nigeria and the then Eastern region and Aboh-Mbaise in particular. It marked a new dispensation in the government of the communities in Aboh-Mbaise.
Statement of the Problem
The Nigerian Civil War has come and gone but the stigma has remained. This is because of the negative effects of the war on the economic, social and political life of the people of Aboh mbaise. forty-two years after the Civil War, people from other ethnic groups in Nigeria regarded the Igbos as enemies when in fact, it should not be so, Instead of looking at the war as a unifying factor, some people still approach it from a secessionist point of view.
This pre-conserved notion should be changed to ensure peace, unity and progress of the country.
It should be stated here that has officially declared an end to the war on the 10th of January 1970, the Federal Government adopted the slogan “No Victor, No vanquished”. In line with the above slogan, one would have expected the government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to integrate the Igbos as was the case in the United States of America. After the Nigeria Civil War, however, certain policies of the federal government were deliberately aimed at discriminating and marginalizing the Igbos.
This research work by acting as a catalyst would explore areas through which the country would remain together and forge ahead based on equitable distribution of resources, equal participation in governance and equality before the law. It is therefore believed that at the end of this study, people’s attitude to the war will be inclined towards the appreciation of its positive consequences.
Purpose of Study
This study is aimed at investigating the following.
- The impact of the Nigerian Civil War on the Socioeconomic Development of Aboh-Mbaise Local Government Area.
- The impact of the Nigerian Civil War on the Political Development of Aboh-Mbaise Local Government Area.
- The Impact of the Nigerian Civil War on the Educational Development of Aboh-Mbaise Local Government Area.
Significance of Study
This research work would be of immense benefit to the people of Aboh-Mbaise Local Government Area as it will help to rediscover their socio-economic, political and educational background.
Furthermore, the Ministry of Education would benefit from this research work since it offers an opportunity for educational planning and policymaking.
The Federal Government would benefit immensely from this research work as it would provide solutions to the lingering ethnic rivalry and political imbalance plaguing the Nigerian Political System.
This research work is focusing on the effect of the Nigerian Civil War on the Aboh-Mbaise Local Government Area of Imo State. To achieve the set objectives, the underlisted research questions were formulated to guide the study.
They are as follows:
- To what extent did the Nigerian Civil War affect the Socioeconomic Development of Aboh-Mbaise Local Government Area of Imo State?
- To what extent did the Nigerian Civil War affect the Political development of the Aboh-Mbaise Local Government Area?
- To what extent did the Nigerian Civil War affect the educational development of the Aboh-Mbaise Local Government Area?
Amadi, H.C. (2006).Political Issues in Social Studies. Owerri Printing and Publisher, (Nig).
Akpan, N.U. (1972) The Struggle for Secession 1966-1970 (Frank-Lass and Company Ltd) England: Kiru Green A.H.M B (1971).
Omede, A.J. (2002). Crises and Conflicts in Nigeria 1969-1970 vol. 1 (Oxford University Press) Oxford.
Ekwensi, Cyprian (1972). Survive the Peace Awka, (Heinemann Publishers,).
Forsyth, (1972), The Making of African Legend and Biafran Story. Lagos: Pergium Book.
Gbulie, Ben (1980), The Nigerian Five Majors. Awka, Africana Feb Publishers.
Niven, (1970), The War of Nigerian Unity 1967-70. Ibadan, Evans Brothers, Nig. Ltd. (December 26, 2010).
News Bearer, Weekly Magazine Vol. 14, N0. 3, December 26, 2010.
Obasanjo, (1980), My Command: Account of the Nigeria Civil War 1967-1970 Ibadan Heinemann Books Ltd.
Odogwu, (1985), No place to hide: Crisis and Conflicts Inside Biafra.