POLITICAL CONFLICT IN NIGERIAN DEMOCRACY: A CASE STUDY OF ANAMBRA STATE 1999-2007

Abstract

The high incidence of political conflict has been a major problem in Nigerian politics since the inception of the country as a polity; from the colonial period to the stage of attainment of Republican hood; and since then free and fair election have been very elusive because all election has been characterized by political violence, in our attempt to address these phenomenon we analyze the case of Anambra state between 1999 to 2007 when the violence reached climax in the state. We used documentary research method for gathering and analyzing data while conflict theory was used for the analytical framework. Political godfatherism was identified as the major problem that generated the crises in the election of Chinwoke Mbadinuju and Chris Ngige the governors that ruled the state during the period under investigation Chief Emeka Offor and Chief Chris Uba the godfathers claimed to have sponsored the election of Mbadinuju and Chris Ngige respectively. Other contributory factors where the imposition of unpopular candidate during the gubernatorial elections in the period and negative reaction of the federal government that aggravated the crises. The work concluded that the political violence was caused by politicians, who wanted to satisfy private interest to the detriment of the collective good of the Anambra state whose disagreement engendered conflict that adversely affected the entire electoral process and the entire political order in form of violence. The work recommends among others things that they should be a legislative order or law that will stop various forms of political godfatherism.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page————— i
Approval page————- ii
Dedication—————– iii
Acknowledgement————- iv
Abstract——————— v
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction…………………………………………………vi
1.1 Background of the study..…………………………………………………1-2
1.2 Statement of Problem …….………………………………………………..2-3
1.3 Objectives of Study……….…………………………………………………3
1.4 Literature review…………………………………………………………….4
1.5 Hypotheses………………………………………………………………..…4-7
1:6 Theoretical framework ……………………………………………………..7-39
1:7 Significance of Study………………………………………………………40-41
1.8 Scope and Limitation of Study ……………………………………………..41
1.9 The Delimitations of Data ………………………………………….………41-42
1.10 Definition of Concept ……………………………………………………..42
1.11 Method of data collection and analysis ……………………………….…….43
CHAPTER TWO: GODFATHERISM IN NIGERIAN DEMOCRACY
2.1 Introduction…………………………………………………………44-46
2.2 Concept of Godfatherism……………………………………………46-48
2.3 Social Economic and Political Force in the Evolution and
Consolidation of Godfatherism in Nigeria.48-49
2.4 The agreement between Chief Chris Uba the Political Godfather
and Dr. Chris Ngige the Political Godson…………………………..50-55
CHAPTER THREE
THE EMERGENCE OF NGIGE AS THE GOVERNOR OF THE STATE
3.1 The electoral campaign ………………………………………………56-57
3.2 The Governorship election …………………………………………..57-58
3.3 Elections Proper……………………………………………… ……59-60
3.4 The Abduction of Governor Chris Ngige……………………………60-62
CHAPTER FOUR
4.1 The Reactions of the Federal Government in
1999-2007 Election in Anambra State…………………………………….63-66
4.2 Some of the Events that followed the July 10, Episode..……………66-74
4.3 The Validity of 2007 Anambra Election……….….………………..74-77
CHAPTER FIVE:SUMMARY OF MAJOR FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary ………………………………………………………………….78-79
5.2 Conclusion……………………………………………………………79-80
5.3 Recommendation………………………………………………………80-81
Bibliography……………………………………………………………82-85