POOR NUTRITION AND INCIDENCE OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN NWANGELE

CHAPTER ONE:

1.1    Background of the Study:

Poor nutrition is the cause of deficiency disease in human that is directly caused by lack of essential nutrient in the diet. Poor nutrition is as old as man’s existence on earth.

According to Awake (2003) poor nutrition covers a wide range of illness from under nourishment due to lack of one or more nutrient such as vitamins and mineral deficiency to obesity and other related chronic diseases. The World Health Organization, (2003)reported that poor nutrition is not limited to children only. However developed countries are not free from poor nutrition.

On the other hand, it is indisputably true that man has almost complete dominion over all things on earth,yet he has remained subjected to physical,biological,social and environmental problems which he created. Non-communicable diseases(NCDs),also known as chronic diseases are not contagious or transferable from one person to another,but it is contacted individually.there are four main types of non –communicable diseases that occur among the youths which are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attack and strokes),cancers,chronic respiratory diseases such as (chronic obstructed pulmonary diseases),and diabetes and others included hypertension,trauma,mental disorder,fractures,malnutrition,poisoning, fibromyalgia e.t.c. which the effect leads to damages of vital cells and tissues which may even lead to death. Non-communicable diseases have many different causes but they are never caused by bacteria,germs,or other living organisms that attack the body,they are never spread from one person to another (World Health Organization 2002 and 2010).

1.2   Statement of the Problem:

This project attempts to investigate the Poor Nutrition and Incidence of Non-Communicable Diseases in Nwangele L.G.A. Poor Nutrition and Non-communicable diseases work hand in gloves. In recent times, poor nutrition causes variety of different health problems both in adult and children. Poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases varies from one person to another. Health problems are associated with poverty, poor diet and lack of essential resources. Among these is inadequate clean water, shelter, food, educational orientation and clean air. This project therefore, seeks to examine poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele L.G.A.

1.3 Purpose of the Study:

The purpose of this study is to examine poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele L.G.A Imo State.

1.4    Objective of the Study:

The main purpose of this study is to make evaluation on poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in nwangele l.g.a imo state. The specific objectives are as follows:

  1. To determine if level of education contributes to poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele.
  2. To determine the influence of environmental factors on poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele local government area.
  3. To ascertain if poverty and lack of essential resources in the community affects poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in nwangele.
  4. To know how feeding habit or diet increases the incidence of non-communicable diseases in nwangele.

1.5    Significance of the Study:

The findings of this research will create awareness to youths, students, parents, school administrators, health institutions and other concerned individuals and also help to educate about poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases. It will also enlighten the government and ministry of education and health sectors on the need for seminars and training on poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases.

1.6    Scope of the Study:

This study is restricted to poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele local government area Imo State. The investigation is restricted to the following secondary schools in Nwangele local government area Imo state

  1. Isu high school
  2. Isu girls
  • Agbajah high school
  1. King jaja high school
  2. Dick tiger high school

1.7    Limitation of the Study:

There are different factor that makes this project to be carried out within the confinementof the above secondary schools mentioned in regards to investigating poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases. This includes;

  1. Time: the period within which the project is expected to be completed is very short. Therefore the whole of nwangele or large geographical area cannot be covered thereby creating a constraint to the areas.

1.8    Research Questions:

In order to examinepoor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele local government area Imo State, the following research questions are formulated.

  1. What is the influence of if level of education on poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele?
  2. Do environmental factors increase poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele local government area Imo State?
  3. Does poverty and lack of essential resources in the community increase poor nutrition and incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele?
  4. Does feeding habit or diet increase the incidence of non-communicable diseases in Nwangele?

REFERENCES

Abdallah, T., Diabat, A. & Simchi-Levis, D, (2005). Sustainable supply chain design: a closed-loop formulation and sensitivity analysis. Production Planning & Control 23,120–133.

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger and Hazzaa M.Al-Hazzaa, (2012), prevalence and risk factors associated with nutrition-related non-communicable diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean region

CDC, (2000), growth for the United State:method and development.p. cm.-(DHHS publication…… percentiles, 2 to 20 years: Boys body mass index.

Charu C. Garg and David B. Evans, (2011), the impact of non-communicable disease on national health expenditure: project presented to the department of health system financing.

Jyoti, D. F. Frongillo E.A.Jr, and Jones, S.J., (2005). Food insecurity affects school children’s academic performance, weight gain, and social skills. Journal of Nutrition, 135 (12), 2831-2831-2839.

Kudzai chinyoka,(2014), the Impact of poverty on the Academic performance of Form Three Learners in Zimbabwe. International journal of Education Sciences, 6:203-213.

McKenna et al.,(1998). Current Issues and Challenges in chronic Diseases Control. Washington: American public Health Association.

World Health Organization, (2002).Adelaide statement on health in all policies: moving towards a well-being.

World Health Organization, (2003), prevention of recurrent heart attacks and strokes in low and middle income population: Evidence-based recommendation for policy-makers and health professionals. Geneva: WHO.

World Health Organization, (2010), global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol: http://www.who.int/substance.abuse