RESOURCE USE EFFICIENCY AMONG FADAMA CROP FARMERS IN IBADAN/IBARAPA AGRICULTURAL ZONE OF OYO STATE, NIGERIA

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RESOURCE USE EFFICIENCY AMONG FADAMA CROP FARMERS IN IBADAN/IBARAPA AGRICULTURAL ZONE OF OYO STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the resource use efficiency among Fadama crop farmers in Ibadan
Ibarapa agricultural zone of Oyo state, Nigeria. Data were collected from 120 respondents who
were randomly selected and interviewed using both interview schedule and questionnaire. The
data collected were presented using percentage and means. The findings o revealed that there
was no significant difference in the productivity between Fadama and non fadama (soko)
farmers, while there was a significant difference between the productivity of Fadama and non
fadama (watermelon) farmers as well as Fadama and non fadama maize farmers.The gross
margin analysis of Fadama and non Fadama crop farmers revealed that Fadama soko farmers and
Fadama maize farmers were more profitable than the non Fadama farmers in the area. For
watermelon, the non fadama farmers were more profitable because they had higher output. The
findings also revealed that labour, fertilizer, insecticides and seed influenced the technical
efficiency of soko farmers. Herbicides and insecticides influenced the technical efficiency of
watermelon farmers, while labour, insecticide and seed influenced the technical efficiency of
maize farmers. The positive coefficient for age variable implies that the older farmers were more
technically inefficient than theyounger ones. Also negative coefficient for education implies that
the farmers level of technicalinefficiency declined with more education. With regards to farmerspecific
factors, especially education, there is the need for policyto promote formal education as
a means of enhancing efficiency in production over the long-term period. This is because it
would enable farmers make better technical decision and also help in allocatingtheir production
inputs effectively.
In the short-term, informal extension education could beeffective, especially
when targeted at farmers who have had limited formal educationalopportunities.The coefficient
of farming experience was estimated to be negative as expected andstatistically significant at the
5-percent level. The implication is that farmers with more years offarming experience tend to be
more efficient in crop production. It is possible that such farmers gained more years of
farmingexperience through “learning by doing,” and thereby becoming more efficient.The study
also found that farmers under Fadama harvested more per unit ofland of output of crop than
nonfadama farmers for soko and maizeand this confirms the hypothesis that programme
intervention has the capacity to succor farm production problems while accruing more income to
farmers.

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