STRATEGIES FOR EFFECTIVE SUPERVISION AND MANAGEMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS
This study was conceived out of the fact that many primary schools especially in Anambra State lack the concept and apprehension of the role of supervision and good management for effective academic progress. Many teachers and pupils are the victims of laudable government policies yet lacking implementation. Supervision is not a new name as far as education is concerned. It is still surprise to see many primary schools lacking adequate care and supervision both internally and externally. Internal and external supervision if well practiced will help to eradicate the canker worms eating Nigerian educational system.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Man’s capacity to learn, to organize, to communicate this leaning as knowledge, to other member of the species, and to act on the basis of leaning and knowledge constitute the subject matter of education [Golsin, 1965]. According to Penna , education is a Process by which an individual gets opportunity to develop his mental capacity in such a way as to arm him to play a specific role in a developing programme. It also sets value on the human factor in development which makes man capable of shaping his history. Malue (1968) had strongly argued that a country will never be developed unless education is developed because it is through better education that maximum use of can be made of human resources.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Primary school education in Awka North is faced with myriads of problem, ranging from poor organizational structure to lack of staff continuity, unqualified staff, inadequate educational method and lack of constant supervision and management of schools. Public primary schools in Awka North have suffered a lot of these problem and the resultant effect is total break down of law and order in these schools which affects teacher – pupils effectiveness.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The aim of this study is to provide information on the need for management of primary schools in Awka North, as well as strategies necessary for effective supervision and management of these schools.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The importance of this study is that it will enlighten educators on the strategies they will use for effective supervision and management of primary school ii Awka North and in their Local Governments and states round Nigeria.
As a result of this, the following people would benefit from the study viz:
a) The teachers
b) The head teacher
c) The Local Government Education officers
d) The state Government Education Officers
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study has its focus in schools within Awka North Local Government Area only and is limited to exposing the strategies necessary for effective supervision and management of primary schools
1.6 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1) Why is there need for internal supervision of primary schools?
2) Why is there need for external supervision of primary schools?
3) Why is there need for educational structure or ladder in primary schools ?
4) What are the possible sources of funding for primary schools?