The United Nations in the New World Order an Analysis of United Nations Security Council in the Post Cold War Era


Some recent event in the international scene such as the end of cold war, the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the Reunification of the east and west Germany, have had far reaching effects on the relations among Nations. The balance of power over global and regional issues were no longer the exclusive preserve of two powers. There have arisen certain developments in International relations, which can be perceived as an emerging world order. In the past, security was as a rule identified with the East-West Military balance. The role of arms control stemming from this perception was to remove the asymmetry potential between the blocs and negotiate reductions in the level of armed forces and armaments and, at the same time, build mutual confidence based on openness, transparency, and predictability. The political philosophy facilitated agreements between the super-powers on the strategic nuclear forces and multilateral agreements on reductions of international armed forces in Europe, since East-West relations were of a decisive character in international politics. It was assumed that the issues of local conflicts and tensions would be practically settled within the respective blocks. The situation has changed radically after the cold war. First, security policy is no longer perceived anywhere as synonymous with arms control and disarmament. Secondly, in hierarchy of security policy tasks, the matter of warding off intra-state conflicts has come to the fore. Thirdly, the break up of USSR and the bipolar system has given a new dimension to the problem of the proliferation of weapons destruction.